KehilaLinks/JewishGen Lithuania

Troškūnai (Trashkun), Lithuania

Glezer family visits Trashkun in 2015

Members of the Glezer family visit Troškūnai in 2015 (enlarge)

Name & Spelling in Various Languages

Lithuanian Troškūnai Troshkunai
Yiddish טראַשקון Trashkun, Troshkun, Trashkon
Russian before 1920 Трашкуны Trashkuni, Trashkuny
Russian after 1920 Трошкунай Troshkunai, Troshkunay
Polish Traszkuny Trashkuni, Trashkuny
Other Spellings Troskun, Traskun, Traskon, Troshkon, Trashkin, Troszkun, Troskunai, Traskunai, Traškūnai, Traskianai, Trashkianai

Location & Maps of Troškūnai

Relief map of Lithuania

Lat. 55°59´N • Long. 24°85´E • 66 miles NNW of Vilnius  (larger map)

Troskunai map

Current Map of Troškūnai  (view larger map on Open Street Map)

topographical map

Topographical Map 1920-1939  (enlarge)

Diagram of Troškūnai in 1944-1945  (enlarge)

map with old street names

Street names used by Jews before World War II  (enlarge)

map with yiddish names

Trashkun region with Yiddish place names  (full map by Dovid Katz)

Troškūnai is located in:  Utena County, Utenos Apskritis

FROM 1843 TO WORLD WAR I, Troškūnai was in Kovno gubernia [province], Ukmergė (Vilkomir) uyezd [district or county].

BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II, Troškūnai was in Panevėžys (Ponevezh) apskritis [district or county].

Locality Page for Troškūnai (JewishGen)  •  Resource Mapping for Troškūnai (JewishGen)

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Brief Overview

In 1897 there were 779 Jews in Trashkun, 78% of the general population. In the summer of 1915 during World War I (1914-1918), most Jews were exiled into central Russia. Their houses were destroyed and their possessions were looted. After the war most of them returned to Trashkun and rebuilt their houses.

There were two synagogues in Trashkun, one for Misnagdim and one for Hasidim. A special personality was Reb Shneur (or Shneyer) Reznikovitz, born in 1881, a learned and pious man known in the surrounding villages as "the holy one" (hakadosh) and venerated by Jews and Gentiles alike. VIDEO A remembrance of Reb Shneyer [1:32]

primary school in Trashkun

Primary school students in Trashkun (~1915)
(enlarge, read about school)

During the period of Lithuania's independence (between the two world wars) the community had a school and a library. Most of the young people were in one of the zionist groups Hashomer Hatzair[NOTE]Hashomer Hatzair (Hebrew for “The Young Guard”) was a socialist zionist youth movement that established kibbutzim and prepared young Jewish people for a new life in Palestine. or Hechalutz.[NOTE]Hechalutz (Hebrew for “The Pioneer”) was a youth movement that trained young Jewish people for agricultural settlement in Palestine. The Jews of Trashkun made a living in trade, artisanship and gardening. A wine distillery was in Jewish hands. Thursday was the weekly market day. The Jewish bank had 96 members in 1929; its director for many years was Rabbi Yakov Moshe Shmukler. Prior to World War II there were about 120 Jewish families in Trashkun.

Jewish Communities Database of The Museum of the Jewish People
and Lithuanian Jewish Communities by Nancy and Stuart Schoenburg
(New York & London: Garland, 1991), p. 313.

Trashkun Hashomer Hatzair, 1929

Hashomer Hatzair of Trashkun (1930)  (enlarge)

Trashkun chalutzim, 1930

Chalutizm (zionist pioneers) of Trashkun (1930)  (enlarge)

For a more extensive historical and cultural overview, see "Troškūnai (Trashkun)" from Josef Rosin's book Protecting Our Litvak Heritage. (NOTE: Rosin shows photos of a cemetery and monument that are mistakenly identified as being from Trashkun. See photos of Trashkun's actual Old Jewish Cemetery and monuments to Trashkuner Jews murdered in the summer of 1941.)

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Miscellaneous

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Images of Troškūnai, past & present
(See Family pages for photos of people)

VIDEO Troškūnai (Trashkun) in 1989 [0:38]

(click images to enlarge)

Trashkun, 1800

Troškūnai circa 1800

Trashkun, 1928

Troškūnai in ~1928-1930

Trashkun, 1930

Jewish quarter of Troškūnai in 1930

tree planting, 1930

Planting trees in market square, 1930

Trashkun street in 1944

Vilniaus gatvė, 1944

house in Trashkun

House in Troškūnai, date unknown

house in Trashkun

Entering Troškūnai, 1998

street in Trashkun

Vilniaus gatvė, 1998

view from cemetery

View from Old Jewish Cemetery, 1998

pond

Pond in Troškūnai, 1998

pond road

Pond road in Troškūnai, 1998

school for Jewish girls

Former school for Jewish girls, 2007

Photographs by Jolita Kievišienė:

street with view of church

Basanavičiaus gatvė with view of church, 2018

Vilniaus gatve

Vilniaus gatvė in Troškūnai, 2018

Zemaites gatve, unpaved

Žemaitės gatvė in Troškūnai, 2018

house

House on Basanavičiaus gatvė, 2018

old house

Old house on Žemaitės gatvė, 2018

house

House on Żemaitės gatvė, 2018

view from cemetery

Deserted house on Žemaitės gatvė, 2018

buildings on Zemaites gatve

Old buildings on Žemaitės gatvė, 2018

cemetery with memorial stone

Old Jewish Cemetery, 2018
(more photos of Old Jewish Cemetery)

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Don Ugent in Raguva
In Memoriam Donald Ugent, 1933-2011

Don Ugent established the Troškūnai shtetlink, as it was then called, in 2003. The Ugent (Yuzent) family lived in Troškūnai and nearby Raguva for many generations. Don and his wife Vivian visited Lithuania in 2001 and 2002, and Don's photographs of Trashkun gravestones appear on our Old Jewish Cemetery page. Don received his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. in botany and genetics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 1967 he joined the botany faculty at the State University of Illinois-Carbondale, where he became internationally known as an ethno and economic botanist, taxonomist, geneticist, author, and authority on the origins of wild and cultivated potatoes, especially ancient species from Peru and the Andes.

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Please send your comments, corrections, links, and any additional materials. All input is welcome.

We are grateful to everyone who has sent us information, memoirs, photos, comments and corrections. Special thanks to
Misha Glezer, Jonathan Levine, Sonia Kovnovich Mandel, the Krakinowski family, and Jolita Kievišienė.  — Sonia & Johanna Kovitz