Mlynov (Mlinov) and Mervits (Muravica)
Resources and Bibliography



There is not much published about the towns of Mlynov and Mervits directly. Much of what we know, and is captured in this site, therefore, comes from the Memorial book, oral traditions and family memories, and what we can infer and imagine from historical sources about other related topics. This page of resources aggregates useful sources of information and resources about Mlynov and Mervits and related topics.


A memorial (yizkor) book to the two towns of Mlynov and Mervits was published in 1970 and included photos and memories from families that left these villages before WWII or that survived the war.
  • The original The Mlynov-Muravica Memorial Book (translated title for original Sefer Mlynow-Mervits). Ed. J. Sigelman. Haifa:1970.
  • An online digital version is available at Yiddish Book Center and the New York Public Library.
  • A bound reprint can be ordered from the Yiddish Book Center. I ordered one, and though expensive, it came out very nicely.

  • Some of the personal recollections in the volume have been translated by descendants of the Schwartz and Fishman families (Gene Schwartz and Irene Siegel) and has been edited and published by David Sokolsky in 2018 as the Mlynov-Muravica Memorial Book (English Translation) and now available on Amazon.


JewishGen is a website dedicated to Jewish Genealogy. In addition to this site, it has other links that may be of interest to those interested in these towns.



  • Jewua.org page about Mlinov
    This is a site focused on information about different shetls. English does not seem to be the writer's native language which suggests s/he may be looking at primary sources, though those are not referenced, so it is hard to evaluate the accuracy of the data. But the site does have information that I have not found on other sites.

  • Wikipedia article on "Mlyniv, Ukraine"
    This article provides some useful information from Ukrainian sources. It relies heavily on an article about Mlyniv by Bukhalo, H., Vovk, A. Mlyniv, " Mlyniv Raion, Rivne Oblast" which appears in The History of Cities and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR, an Ukrainian encyclopedia, published in 26 volumes that provides information about the history of the populated places in Ukraine. According to online sources, the Encyclopedia was approved by the Communist Party of Ukraine in 1962. A Ukrainian researcher I hired tells me that the article reflects a pro-Soviet slant in its narrative.


A large number of Mlynov immigrants moved to Baltimore between 1890-1925 and recreated their communal ties there.





With a paucity of direct evidence about life in the townlets of Mlynov and Mervits, one has to imagine what life was like there. The scholarly historical research on Jewish life under the Tsarist regime helps open a window into that world and explores the complexity of the Russian response to Jews, which was not consistent, as well as the diverse responses of the Jewish communities to life during the period.
  • Antony Polonsky, The Jews in Poland and Russia. Vols. 1 and 2. The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization. Oxford, 2010. A very detailed, and I found helpful, summary of Russian policy towards the Jews, which gives the nuances of changes under each Tzar
  • Joanthan Frankel, Prophecy and Politics. Socialism, Nationalism, and the Russian Jews, 1862–1917. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1981. A detailed account of the rise of nationalist and socialist impulses in Russian Jewry with an emphasis on the 1881 pogroms as a decisive turning point.
  • Benjamin Nathans, Beyond the Pale. The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russian. Berkely: University of California Press, 2004.
    Looks at Jewish life in Imperial Russia from a different vantage point. Challenges views, such as Frankel's, that overemphasize the pogroms as the primary cause shaping Jewish identity in late imperial Russia and explores the ongoing attempts at what the author calls "selective integration" with a special focus on the community of St. Petersburg outside the Pale and the various ways the Jews there were attempting to integrate into the center of Russian life.
  • Walter Laqueur, A History of Zionism From the French Revoluion to the Establishment of the State of Israel. New York: Schocken Books, 2003. A helpful look at the rise of Zionism with attention to the Russian context.
  • Arthur Hertzberg, The Zionist Idea. New York: Schocken Books, 2003 [1972]. An account of Zionism's rise through the writings of various exponents.
  • John Doyle Klier, Jews and the Pogroms of 188–1882. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2011.
  • John Doyle Klier, Russia Gathers Her Jews: The Origins of the "Jewish Question" in Russia, 1772-1825. Northern Illinois University Press, 1986
  • Steven J. Zipperstein, Kishinev and the Tilt of History. New York: Liveright Publishing, 2018.
  • John Doyle Klier, Imperial Russia's Jewish Question, 1855-1881. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 2005.
  • Michael Stanislawski, Tsar Nicholas I and the Jews: The Transformation of Jewish Society in Russia, 1825-1855. Philadelphia: Jewish Publications Society, 1983. A detailed look at the transformation of Jews under Nicholas I and also the best treatment of the conscription of Jews and Jewish youth under the Tsar's policy.
  • Shmuel Feiner, Haskalah and History: The Emergence of a Modern Jewish Historical Consciousness. Trans. by Chaya Naor and Sondra Silverston. Oxford: Litman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2004.
  • L. Michael Aronson, Troubled Waters: The Origins of the 1881 Anti-Jewish Pogroms in Russia. Pittsburgh: The University of Pittsburgh, 1990.


Compiled by Howard I. Schwartz
Updated:October 2019
Copyright 2019 Howard I. Schwartz

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