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Welcome to Jewish Research in Lida Uezd in Vilna Guberniya

 Today in Belarus and Lithuania

     Grodno Guberniya 1801-1842, Vilna Guberniya 1842-1917, part of the Russian Empire prior to the World War I, and part of Poland (1920-1939)


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Lida Uezd Homepage
Lida Uezd History
Lida Uezd Towns
Lida Uezd Maps
Searchable Databases
Lida Uezd during the Holocaust
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Compiled and Copyright© 1999-2014 by
Ellen Sadove Renck

Webmaster: Irene Pupko Newhouse
Documentary Research: Judy Baston
Updated: October 2014

LIDA UEZD HOLOCAUST LINKS

28 or 29 June 1941: German troops occupied Lida; about 80% of destroyed city forcibly cleared by Jews

May 8-12, 1942: Mass executions

September 11-14, 1943: Lida Ghetto liquidated

LIDA DISTRICT, General information:

YAHAD IN UNUM is collecting testimonies about WWII persecutions from witnesses in Eastern Europe. To see the videos, you have to become a registered user, but there are interesting summaries and still photos for each locality.  (To find the page to register, pick a town of interest from the search page link just after this description. A still picture from the town comes up, with thumbnails underneath, indicating other pictures to view. Just below that, it says, "To access full (non-subtitled) videos of witness testimony for a village, please visit the Registered users area". Follow the link.) Search from http://yahadmap.org/#map/   There is information on the following Lida towns Be sure to pick Belarus as country:

  • Belitsa
  • Dyatlovo
  • Lida
  • Ostryna (search Ostrino)
  • Radun
  • Scucyn  
  • Vasilishki
  • Voronovo
  • Zaludok (search Zheludok)

WAR CRIMES

o Reports of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission -  Lida

o List of Victims http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/vas-martyrs.htm

o Summary of War Crimes proceedings Lida District http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/crimes-sum.htm

o Trial of Dr. Filbert et al, war crimes in the Lida area committed by the Einsatzgruppen. Victims in Report of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/crimes-sum.htm

o War Crimes Indictment for Lida District by Leopold Windisch and Rudolf Werner http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/winwer-tit.htm

oOperation Hermann http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/opherm.htm

oList of German officers in charge of occupied towns in Grodno district including some Lida towns.

According to the Wayback Machine, this page was removed in 2007. The list can be retrieved by trial & error:

Town / Coordinates

Amtskommisar

(Office Supervisor)

Postenfuhrers

(Gendarme Commander}

Grandichi 5343 2349

Kolossa

Unknown

Druskieniki 5401 2358

Martell

Mstr. d. Gd. Schmitt

Vertselishki 5342 2401

Schanko

Hauptw. d. Gd. Ebinger

Jeziory 5343 2411

Willutzki

Hauptw. d. Gd. Berg

Porcecze 5353 2408

Kirm

Hauptw. d. Gd. Papenbrock

Marcinkanze 5404 2423

Unknown

Mstr. d. Gd. Roben

Zydomla 5338 2406

Nieswandt

Hauptw. d. Gd. Sietner

Skidel 5335 2415

Plets

Hauptw. d. Gd. Padberg

Kamionka 5337 2535

Bestek

Hauptw. d. Gd. Rosenboom

Sopockinie5350 2339

Columbus

Hauptw. d. Gd. Fuchs

Adamowicse 5341 2344

Wittke

unknown

Lipsk 5250 2606

Martmut

Mstr. d. Gd. Grabowski

Sobakinze 5354 2439

Bottcher

Hauptw. d. Gd. Wietzke

Ostryna 5344 2432

Hein

Mstr. d. Gd. Treetz

Nowy-Dwor 5348 2434

Klimaschewski

Mstr. d. Gd. Rutz

Lunna 5327 2416

Teschner

Mstr. d. Gd. Richter

Kopciowka 5334 2352

Korsch

Hauptw. d. Gd. Zielinski

YAD VASHEM  http://www.yadvashem.org/

o database of Holocaust Victims

o Holocaust in Lida log of partisan unit in Rudnicki Forest, 1943-4, target Grodno-Vilna Railroad. Search Yad Vashem site for Rudnicki and partisan. http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/Holocaust/partisanfor.html Another portion of a partisan's memoirs: J. Jaffe, Partizanim ("Partisans"), Tel Aviv, 1951, pp. 24-25, 70-72.

o Extract of operations log of partisan unit active in the Lida and other areas on Yad Vashem web site.

o Portion of partisan diary mentions Zhetl, Lida and the Bielskis.

Wiesenthal Center  - after many reorganizations, the Wiesenthal pages have been taken down. Some of the information is hard to find elsewhere.

o partisan activities of Dr. Yehaskel Atlas included blowing up Lida-Grodno railway line  http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0002_0_01561.html  

o Underground activities of Joseph Kaplan including illegal border-crossing point in Lida September 1939/ The Wiesenthal Center has information both on Kaplan and his activity.

o German Sergeant Anton Schmid saved Jews in Vilnius, by, among other things, sending them to slightly safer places in the Lida area. https://alexanderandsonsrestorations.com/a-good-man-in-vilnius/  & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Schmid

o partisan activities of the Bielski brothers. 

o Lida is mentioned in Einsatzgruppen reports 13 http://www3.ca.nizkor.org/hweb/orgs/german/einsatzgruppen/osr/osr-013.html , 17 http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/orgs/german/einsatzgruppen/osr/osr-017.html and 21 http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/orgs/german/einsatzgruppen/osr/osr-017.html  

o Lejzor Stolicki, chief of Jewish Ghetto police, killed September 1943 From the Wiesenthal Center website. Due to frequent reorganizations, I cannot maintain these links. Use a web search to find them, incorporating the search term Wiesenthal.

o Residents of some of the towns in the Lida area were forced to Ozery before they were murdered. 

Lithuanian Holocaust Names Project to document Lithuanian Holocaust victims

Fate of Ernst Schaffitz, convicted in Poland for war crimes against Poles http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/schaffitz.htm

Holocaust in Lida.  The article references a diary of Josepha Klaydenst, teacher at a Gymnasium giving April 22, 1942 as the day of the mass murders in Lida. The link was taken down at the end of 2016. It was captured once by the Wayback machine - paste this: http://sb.by/post/80133/  into the search box. [Warning: testing as of 1/117 gave a message saying the server storing this link was down temporarily.]

 
The photograph that accompanies the above article doesn't seem to be in Lida, as the photos accompanying this page on Holocaust monuments are different.

Indictment against Schulz-Isenbeck for participation in the mass murder of about 90 Jewish men in Lida on 7/5/1941 http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/si-toc.htm

The Ghetto Fighters' House archives contain many pictures from Lida and area towns, generally groups. "Search by text"; also a partisan database searches by name only. http://www.gfh.org.il/

 Woman’s story of her father, railroad engineer and "enemy of the people" to the Soviets, who was exiled from Siberia to Lida with his wife and daughter. They all worked with the partisans. The article mentions names of people who helped Jews and people who betrayed them. This link is inactive as of 2015 and was not archived on the Wayback Machine. If you know where equivalent information is located, please let me know!  http://pawet.narod.ru/book/memory/nakaznysh.html 

Mass murder of 8,000 Jews from Lida http://www.ev-en.org/history/kurenetz_destruction_1.html - it's in Russian, though.

Jews from the Lida Ghetto sent to Sobibor. This article is in Russian. The link is stale as of 2016. To see the article, paste this URL: http://www.newsru.com/background/04may2005/memoryday.html into The Internet Wayback Machine. You'll get a year bar at the top with dark vertical bars for instances when the article was saved. Choose one of the early ones. This will yield a calendar for the year. Scroll until you find a date with a light blue circle over it. Click there.

Memoir of Polish Jew who spent decades in a Gulag but in Lida in 1939. The work's in Russian, and the link's gone stale. You can retrieve it by pasting this URL:  http://margolin-ze-ka.tripod.com/chapter02.html into the search box in the Internet Wayback Machine.

There was once a Kibbutz Lida, training young people in agriculture prior to making aliyah. The only source so far (2017) for this is a bio of one of the peope who attended, Abraham Kielczewski.

Antisemitism without Jews”: LidaHolocaust Memorial 2003 vandalism. The original news item was removed from the source website, http://www.charter97.org/eng/news/2003/10/15/yama,  but is summarized on http://archive.adl.org/anti_semitism/anti-semitism_global_incidents_2003.html . The original page can be recovered from the Wayback Machine. Choose the first snapshot from 2004, which includes a photo showing that blue paint was splashed on the monument. 

Dedication of a Holocaust Memorial Monument in Lida, late summer 2003. http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/cerem2003.htm


 
Phillip Alloy, who has ancestors from Lida, has been filming survivors' recollections of the Holocaust in Minsk

 http://www.ifilm.com/ifilmdetail/128288

Holocaust Memorial photo http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yadvashe.html

Edward Victor photos http://www.edwardvictor.com/lida_belarus_main.htm

Holocaust era letters to family members http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/special/voices_dedication.shtml , one in Lida http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/special/voices_bios.shtml

Resistance to the Nazis in Grodno mentions Lida: http://www.grodnoonline.com/lost_worlds/section_4e_test.html - link is stale. From an image captured in 2001 and found on the internet Wayback Machine, here are the relevant sections:

.."   The first contact between the Grodno ghetto and Vilna was effected through Bella Chazan (later Ya’ari), a native of Volhynia and an activist in Dror–He-Halutz (she was caught and sent to Auschwitz in April 1942, survived, and settled in Israel after the war). In October 1941, Bella Chazan was sent to Grodno, arriving a few days before the city’s Jews were incarcerated in the ghettos. She found living quarters at the edge of the city, obtained work as an interpreter for the Gestapo, and was issued authentic “Aryan” papers under an assumed identity. Her apartment was a transit and meeting place for the intermediaries of the pioneer youth movements on the Vilna–Warsaw route. She herself maintained contact with the ghetto through her friend Itka Burakov, and the two established a group of He-Halutz ha-Za’ir in the ghetto. Her mission was to serve as a liaison between the center in Vilna and the branches in Lida, Grodno, and Bialystok, to smuggle information, money, and arms, and to prepare “safe houses” in Grodno for other movement intermediaries... " and " ...  Another group that fled to the forests had greater success. In early 1943 a Jewish underground was formed in Grodno by Leib and Yisrael Rejzer, Salomon Zhukovsky, a teacher named Shmuel, Sonia Epstein, and a few others. They had been active in a local Communist organization, and they were joined by members of Poalei Zion-ZS. Sixteen of them slipped out of the ghetto and, using sleds, set off toward the town of Skidel. Their objective was to make contact with a Byelorussian partisan activist, Kostia Bucko, who was known for his assistance to Jews. They met with him, returned to the ghetto, and, two weeks later, again went into the forests. Leib Rejzer, who worked as a carpenter in a military hospital, had pried open the window of the hospital’s storeroom and removed four pistols and 150 bullets. Armed with these and five rifles, twenty-six youngsters set out for the Puszcza Nacza woods. A few days later they were met by Bucko and two Jewish horsemen, who took the group to the Radun Forest. 

        In time the unit was augmented by young Jews from Lida, Radun, Wasiliszki, and other towns, until it numbered about eighty members, of whom more than thirty were from Grodno. They were part of the “Leninski Komsomol” brigade; the commander, Anatoli Stankiewicz from Skidel, was known for his sympathy to the Jewish cause and for helping Jews. In May 1943 he transferred thirty-five members of Rejzer’s group to his battalion. Many of them acquitted themselves bravely in the battles fought by the partisans. At first they attacked small groups of Germans who were leading supply convoys, or Lithuanian policemen, and took their weapons; later they blew up trains, railway lines, and bridges...."

post office in Lida. In 1940-41, about 18 arrested workers were sent to Siberia or Kazakhstan.

MATERIAL FEATURING INDIVIDUALS:

EISISKES:

· Log of SS actions in Lithuania (Search Butrimonys and “Eysisky”) Butrimonys is not the one in Lida District http://www.remember.org/docss.html

· A Village Named Dogalishok: The Massacre At Radun And Eishishok (Library of Holocaust Testimonies) 2006. It can be ordered online from the large commercial online booksellers. The author is Avraham Aviel,  originally Avraham Lipunsky. He wrote a second book about his aliyah, marriage, and fighting in the Hagganah. These books were combined into a movie called "... But Who Could I Pray For? - the Story of Avraham Aviel". The DVD is available from Yad Vashem. - thanks to Joe Fibel for this information. Fortunately, the DVD is unrestricted region. A trailer is on YouTube - it's subtitled in English. 

-Youtube also has a video of an interview with Aviel

-Another Youtube video is "Yom Kippur After the War". Subtitled in French

- A presentation made by one of his children for Aviel's 80th birthday.

· Einsatzgruppen in Lithuania and picture of girls from Eisiskes at topic 8, Mass Murder

IVYE:

· Testimony of Dr. Izaak Kaplinski, Ivye

· Summary of the mass murder of the Jews of Ivye http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/ivye-crimes.htm

LIDA CITY:

  • Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives: http://americanjewisharchives.org/ translation of testimonies collected by World Jewish Congress used to prosecute perpetrators of war crimes in the Lida area. Much Yiddish. Anyone interested in cataloging this material, please contact me. mailto:einew@hotmail.com
  • A Jewish partisan leader active in the Nalibocki Forest near Lida was Shalom Zorin. The linked page has a picture of him in the right column, quite a way down the page. There are also some pictures of partisans in the Nalibocki Forest. From the Wiesenthal Center website. Life in Zorin's group is described in Jack and Rochelle by Jack & Rochelle Sutin; see the books page for the full reference. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simcha_Zorin   & a search engine of your choice. There's now much more information than when this page was originally written ca. 2000
  • The Goldstein-Goren Diaspora Research Center has material on residents of Lida. If you search for Lida on the link, you'll get that string within words as well as the city. For viewers' convenience, the relevant catalog numbers are in the table below. The material is apparently not online as of 2017. 
Title Record Group No. File No.
David Boyarski - Lida Ghetto - Partisan Troops A-28 6
Hannah Berkowitz: Jews of Rypin, Poland; Warsaw;
Lida Ghetto--Escape from Death Train, Partisans
A-28 11
Sarah Schiff (Rabinowitz): Imprisoning of Betar Members in Lida,
1940--Soviet Prison; Escape; In the Underground and Partisan Troops--Photographs
A28 42

OSTRYNA:

· Testimony of Wladimir Glembocki from Ostryna http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yv-glembocki.htm

· Investigation of Josef Kiefer for war crimes committed in Ostryna and Szczuczyn http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/kiefer.htm

· memorial to Wigdorowicz family from Ostryna http://micha.reisel.net/memor/wigdorowitz.htm

RADUN:

· Reports of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission: Radun

· Testimony in Adolf Eichmann trial of A. Aviel from near Radun. Use "find in page" browser feature for his testimony in several places http://www.nizkor.org/ftp.cgi/people/e/eichmann.adolf/transcripts/Sessions/Session-029-04

-Video of Avraham Aviel, survivor from Dugalishok about the Chofetz Chaim's Yeshive in Radun.  Subtitled in French. Subtitled in German. Subtitled in Spanish

SCUCYN:

· Testimony of Liber Losh, a man from Szczuczyn http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yv-losh.htm

· Testimony of Shoshana Nachimowitz (Medlinski) from Szczuczyn http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yv-nachim.htm

· Testimony of Golda Shwartz, born in Ostryna, lived in Szczuczyn http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yv-shwarz.htm

· Investigation of Josef Kiefer for war crimes committed in Ostryna and Szczuczyn http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/kiefer.htm

· End of the Piaski Jewish Community http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/piaski.htm

VASILISHKI:

· Reports of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission War crimes in Vasilishki http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/vas-crimes.htm

· Report of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission. War criminals in Vasilishki http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/vas-crminals.htm

- Report of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission. List of Victims in Vasiliski

VORONOVO

· Testimony of Felix Isakovich Sinalevich, from Voronovo http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yadv-sinal.htm

· Summary of testimony of Nathan Ballon from Eisiskes of mass murder of 300 Jews in Voronovo http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/ballon.htm

ZALUDOK:

· Summary of mass murder of Jews of Zaludok http://www.kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/zaludok.htm

· Mass murder of Jews http://www.kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/zal-crimes.htm

If you have Lida uezd materials to share, please considering donating it. If you read Yiddish or Hebrew, please contact us.

Records are held both in Grodno and Vilna archives.For Lida records translation, your tax deductible contribution by credit card via the secure server at either group or by mail will grow our knowledge. For a $100 donation, you receive all these records translated two years ahead of their posting on JewishGen. Every penny collected is used for Lida uezd projects only. Records include censuses; family lists; marriages, births, death records; prenumeraten lists; and more. Please contact Judy Baston with any questions.For current translations, please see the ALD: All Lithuanian Database and Belarus SIG Database.
Lida District genealogical records translation is a joint effort of Lida District Researchers of Belarus SIG and Lida District Research Group (DRG) of LitvakSIG. Record translations cover all shtetls (towns) in the Lida Uyezd (district) of Vilnius Guberniya (region) of Lithuania including the town of Lida itself. This page is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If useful or if you are moved by this effort to preserve the memory of our lost communities, your JewishGen-erosity will be appreciated.