Welcome to Jewish Research in Lida Uezd in Vilna Guberniya

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     Grodno Guberniya 1801-1842, Vilna Guberniya 1842-1917, part of the Russian Empire prior to the World War I, and part of Poland (1920-1939)

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Documentary Research: Judy Baston
Updated:May 2022


28 or 29 June 1941: German troops occupied Lida; about 80% of destroyed city forcibly cleared by Jews

May 8-12, 1942: Mass executions

September 11-14, 1943: Lida Ghetto liquidated

LIDA DISTRICT, General information:

YAHAD IN UNUM is still collecting testimonies about WWII persecutions from witnesses in Eastern Europe. To see the videos, you have to become a registered user (2017), but there are interesting summaries and still photos for each locality.  (To find the page to register, pick a town of interest from the search page link just after this description. A still picture from the town comes up, with thumbnails underneath, indicating other pictures to view. Just below that, it says, "To access full (non-subtitled) videos of witness testimony for a village, please visit the Registered users area". Follow the link.) Search from https://yahadmap.org/#map/   There is information on the following Lida towns Be sure to pick Belarus as country.

As of 2018, short video clips are on some of these pages, which contain links.


o Reports of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission -  Lida

o List of Victims https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/vas-martyrs.htm

o Summary of War Crimes proceedings Lida District https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/crimes-sum.htm

o Trial of Dr. Filbert et al, war crimes in the Lida area committed by the Einsatzgruppen. Victims in Report of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/crimes-sum.htm

o War Crimes Indictment for Lida District by Leopold Windisch and Rudolf Werner https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/winwer-tit.htm

oOperation Hermann https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/opherm.htm

oList of German officers in charge of occupied towns in Grodno district including some Lida towns.

According to the Wayback Machine, this page was removed in 2007. The list can be retrieved by trial & error:

Town / Coordinates


(Office Supervisor)


(Gendarme Commander}

Grandichi 5343 2349



Druskieniki 5401 2358


Mstr. d. Gd. Schmitt

Vertselishki 5342 2401


Hauptw. d. Gd. Ebinger

Jeziory 5343 2411


Hauptw. d. Gd. Berg

Porcecze 5353 2408


Hauptw. d. Gd. Papenbrock

Marcinkanze 5404 2423


Mstr. d. Gd. Roben

Zydomla 5338 2406


Hauptw. d. Gd. Sietner

Skidel 5335 2415


Hauptw. d. Gd. Padberg

Kamionka 5337 2535


Hauptw. d. Gd. Rosenboom

Sopockinie5350 2339


Hauptw. d. Gd. Fuchs

Adamowicse 5341 2344



Lipsk 5250 2606


Mstr. d. Gd. Grabowski

Sobakinze 5354 2439


Hauptw. d. Gd. Wietzke

Ostryna 5344 2432


Mstr. d. Gd. Treetz

Nowy-Dwor 5348 2434


Mstr. d. Gd. Rutz

Lunna 5327 2416


Mstr. d. Gd. Richter

Kopciowka 5334 2352


Hauptw. d. Gd. Zielinski

YAD VASHEM  https://www.yadvashem.org/

o database of Holocaust Victims

o Holocaust in Lida log of partisan unit in Rudnicki Forest, 1943-4, target Grodno-Vilna Railroad. Search Yad Vashem site for Rudnicki and partisan. https://www.us-israel.org/jsource/Holocaust/partisanfor.html Another portion of a partisan's memoirs: J. Jaffe, Partizanim ("Partisans"), Tel Aviv, 1951, pp. 24-25, 70-72.

o  Extract of operations log of partisan unit active in the Lida and other areas on Yad Vashem web site. Unfortunately this has been removed from the site.

o Portion of partisan diary mentions Zhetl, Lida and the BielskisThis, too, has been removed from the site.

o  Yad Vashem's "Untold Stories" of Holocaust murder sites in the former USSR. Use the "countries" pull down, pick Belarus, and a list will show, including Belica, Zoludek, Iwje, Lida, Rozanka, Radun, Wasiliiszki, Woronow. Belarus is the only country for which the countries pull down works. To find Eisiskes, select communities & scroll through the choices to Ejszyszki.

Review of "Journeys with my Mother" (Halina Rubin) , born in Warsaw, passing through Lida to the partisans in the area.

  • Wiesenthal Center  - after many reorganizations, the Wiesenthal pages have been taken down. Some of the information is hard to find elsewhere.

o partisan activities of Dr. Yehaskel Atlas included blowing up Lida-Grodno railway line  https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0002_0_01561.html  

o Underground activities of Joseph Kaplan including illegal border-crossing point in Lida September 1939/ The Wiesenthal Center has information both on Kaplan and his activity.

o German Sergeant Anton Schmid saved Jews in Vilnius, by, among other things, sending them to slightly safer places in the Lida area. https://alexanderandsonsrestorations.com/a-good-man-in-vilnius/  & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Schmid

o partisan activities of the Bielski brothers.

oYoutube videos of Bielski partisan descendants: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TiuGHzxJaFg&t=1s



o   "Who killed Lida's Jewish Intelligentsia?" Full article is for pay. You can try the author, David W. Wildermuth, for a pdf.

o The Holocaust travails Benjamin Efroimovich Eruzalim (Jerusalem) from Grodno, which took him through Lida

o  Lida is mentioned in Einsatzgruppen reports 

   13 https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/operational-situation-report-ussr-no-13 ,or here

   17 https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/operational-situation-report-ussr-no-17 or here, and 

   21 https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/operational-situation-report-ussr-no-21 or here, & search for Lida

o Lejzor Stolicki, chief of Jewish Ghetto police, killed September 1943 From the Wiesenthal Center website. Due to frequent reorganizations, I cannot maintain these links. Use a web search to find them, incorporating the search term Wiesenthal.

o Residents of some of the towns in the Lida area were forced to Ozery before they were murdered. 

Holocaust in Lida.  The article references a diary of Josepha Kleidinst, teacher at a Gymnasium giving April 22, 1942 as the day of the mass murders in Lida. 

The photograph that accompanies the above article doesn't seem to be in Lida, as the photos accompanying this page on Holocaust monuments are different.

Indictment against Schulz-Isenbeck for participation in the mass murder of about 90 Jewish men in Lida on 7/5/1941 https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/si-toc.htm

The Ghetto Fighters' House archives contain many pictures from Lida and area towns, generally groups. "Search by text"; also a partisan database searches by name only. When I checked the site Feb 2019, it's Hebrew only; the English link google returns is gone.  https://www.gfh.org.il/

 Woman’s story of her father, railroad engineer and "enemy of the people" to the Soviets, who was exiled from Siberia to Lida with his wife and daughter. They all worked with the partisans. The article mentions names of people who helped Jews and people who betrayed them. This link is inactive as of 2015 and was not archived on the Wayback Machine. If you know where equivalent information is located, please let me know!  https://pawet.narod.ru/book/memory/nakaznysh.html 

Mass murder of 8,000 Jews from Lida: This link last saved in the Internet Archive in 2018. Paste this URL into their home page.    https://www.ev-en.org/history/kurenetz_destruction_1.html - in Russian.

Jews from the Lida Ghetto sent to Sobibor. This article is in Russian. The link is stale as of 2016, but again active in 2020. To see the article, paste this URL: https://www.newsru.com/background/04may2005/memoryday.html into The Internet Wayback Machine. You'll get a year bar at the top with dark vertical bars for instances when the article was saved. Choose one of the early ones. This will yield a calendar for the year. Scroll until you find a date with a light blue circle over it. Click there.

Memoir of Polish Jew, Yu. B. Margolin who spent decades in a Gulag but in Lida in 1939. The work's in Russian, and the link's gone stale. You can retrieve it by pasting this URL:  https://margolin-ze-ka.tripod.com/chapter02.html into the search box in the Internet Wayback Machine & use a translation extension. All the links work, so you can read the entire book on the Wayback Machine. (As of 2020)

There was once a Kibbutz Lida, training young people in agriculture prior to making aliyah. The only source so far (2017) for this is a bio of one of the peope who attended, Abraham Kielczewski.

Antisemitism without Jews”: LidaHolocaust Memorial 2003 vandalism. The original news item was removed from the source website, https://www.charter97.org/eng/news/2003/10/15/yama. The original page can be recovered from the Wayback Machine. Choose the first snapshot from 2004 (Jan 8), which includes a photo showing that blue paint was splashed on the monument. 

Dedication of a Holocaust Memorial Monument in Lida, late summer 2003. https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/cerem2003.htm

Phillip Alloy, who has ancestors from Lida, has produced a film  based on testimonies of former partisans living in Belarus, "Interviews from the Underground"

Holocaust Memorial photo https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yadvashe.html

Edward Victor photos https://www.edwardvictor.com/lida_belarus_main.htm

Holocaust era letters to family members https://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/special/voices_dedication.shtml ,Use the Internet Archive Wayback machine to access. The entire link chain is preserved. One in Lida https://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/special/voices_bios.shtml  Scroll down to 'others' - Rivka, one of the recipient's sisters, lived in Lida.

Resistance to the Nazis in Grodno mentions Lida: https://www.grodnoonline.com/lost_worlds/section_4e_test.html - link is stale. From an image captured in 2001 and found on the internet Wayback Machine, here are the relevant sections:

.."   The first contact between the Grodno ghetto and Vilna was effected through Bella Chazan (later Ya’ari), a native of Volhynia and an activist in Dror–He-Halutz (she was caught and sent to Auschwitz in April 1942, survived, and settled in Israel after the war). In October 1941, Bella Chazan was sent to Grodno, arriving a few days before the city’s Jews were incarcerated in the ghettos. She found living quarters at the edge of the city, obtained work as an interpreter for the Gestapo, and was issued authentic “Aryan” papers under an assumed identity. Her apartment was a transit and meeting place for the intermediaries of the pioneer youth movements on the Vilna–Warsaw route. She herself maintained contact with the ghetto through her friend Itka Burakov, and the two established a group of He-Halutz ha-Za’ir in the ghetto. Her mission was to serve as a liaison between the center in Vilna and the branches in Lida, Grodno, and Bialystok, to smuggle information, money, and arms, and to prepare “safe houses” in Grodno for other movement intermediaries... " and " ...  Another group that fled to the forests had greater success. In early 1943 a Jewish underground was formed in Grodno by Leib and Yisrael Rejzer, Salomon Zhukovsky, a teacher named Shmuel, Sonia Epstein, and a few others. They had been active in a local Communist organization, and they were joined by members of Poalei Zion-ZS. Sixteen of them slipped out of the ghetto and, using sleds, set off toward the town of Skidel. Their objective was to make contact with a Byelorussian partisan activist, Kostia Bucko, who was known for his assistance to Jews. They met with him, returned to the ghetto, and, two weeks later, again went into the forests. Leib Rejzer, who worked as a carpenter in a military hospital, had pried open the window of the hospital’s storeroom and removed four pistols and 150 bullets. Armed with these and five rifles, twenty-six youngsters set out for the Puszcza Nacza woods. A few days later they were met by Bucko and two Jewish horsemen, who took the group to the Radun Forest. 

        In time the unit was augmented by young Jews from Lida, Radun, Wasiliszki, and other towns, until it numbered about eighty members, of whom more than thirty were from Grodno. They were part of the “Leninski Komsomol” brigade; the commander, Anatoli Stankiewicz from Skidel, was known for his sympathy to the Jewish cause and for helping Jews. In May 1943 he transferred thirty-five members of Rejzer’s group to his battalion. Many of them acquitted themselves bravely in the battles fought by the partisans. At first they attacked small groups of Germans who were leading supply convoys, or Lithuanian policemen, and took their weapons; later they blew up trains, railway lines, and bridges...."

post office in Lida. In 1940-41, about 18 arrested workers were sent to Siberia or Kazakhstan.



· Log of SS actions in Lithuania (Search Butrimonys and “Eysisky”) Butrimonys is not the one in Lida District https://www.remember.org/docss.html

· A Village Named Dogalishok: The Massacre At Radun And Eishishok (Library of Holocaust Testimonies) 2006. It can be ordered online from the large commercial online booksellers. The author is Avraham Aviel,  originally Avraham Lipunsky. He wrote a second book about his aliyah, marriage, and fighting in the Hagganah. These books were combined into a movie called "... But Who Could I Pray For? - the Story of Avraham Aviel". The DVD is available from Yad Vashem. - thanks to Joe Fibel for this information. Fortunately, the DVD is unrestricted region. A trailer is on YouTube - it's subtitled in English. 

-Youtube also has a video of an interview with Aviel.  There is a photo of Aviel during his testimony.

-Another Youtube video is "Yom Kippur After the War". Subtitled in French

- A presentation made by one of his children for Aviel's 80th birthday.

· Einsatzgruppen in Lithuania and picture of girls from Eisiskes at topic 8, Mass Murder


· Testimony of Dr. Izaak Kaplinski, Ivye

· Summary of the mass murder of the Jews of Ivye https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/ivye-crimes.htm


  • Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives: translation of testimonies collected by World Jewish Congress used to prosecute perpetrators of war crimes in the Lida area. Much Yiddish. Anyone interested in cataloging this material, please contact me. mailto:einew@hotmail.com
  • A Jewish partisan leader active in the Nalibocki Forest near Lida was Shalom Zorin. The linked page has a picture of him in the right column, quite a way down the page. There are also some pictures of partisans in the Nalibocki Forest. From the Wiesenthal Center website. Life in Zorin's group is described in Jack and Rochelle by Jack & Rochelle Sutin; see the books page for the full reference. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simcha_Zorin   & a search engine of your choice. There's now much more information than when this page was originally written ca. 2000
  • The Goldstein-Goren Diaspora Research Center has material on residents of Lida. If you search for Lida on the link, you'll get that string within words as well as the city. For viewers' convenience, the relevant catalog numbers are in the table below. The material is apparently not online as of 2017. 
Title Record Group No. File No.
David Boyarski - Lida Ghetto - Partisan Troops A-28 6
Hannah Berkowitz: Jews of Rypin, Poland; Warsaw;
Lida Ghetto--Escape from Death Train, Partisans
A-28 11
Sarah Schiff (Rabinowitz): Imprisoning of Betar Members in Lida,
1940--Soviet Prison; Escape; In the Underground and Partisan Troops--Photographs
A28 42


· Testimony of Wladimir Glembocki from Ostryna https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yv-glembocki.htm

· Investigation of Josef Kiefer for war crimes committed in Ostryna and Szczuczyn https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/kiefer.htm

· memorial to Wigdorowicz family from Ostryna http://micha.reisel.net/memor/wigdorowitz.htm


· Reports of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission: RadunVasilishki

· Testimony in Adolf Eichmann trial of A. Aviel from near Radun. Use "find in page" browser feature for his testimony in several places https://www.nizkor.org/ftp.cgi/people/e/eichmann.adolf/transcripts/Sessions/Session-029-04  This page went stale in 2015 & is supposed, as of 2020, to be on the Internet Archive, though I was unable to retrieve it.  

-Video of Avraham Aviel, survivor from Dugalishok about the Chofetz Chaim's Yeshive in Radun.  Subtitled in French. Subtitled in German. Subtitled in Spanish


· Testimony of Liber Losh, a man from Szczuczyn https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yv-losh.htm

· Testimony of Shoshana Nachimowitz (Medlinski) from Szczuczyn https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yv-nachim.htm

· Testimony of Golda Shwartz, born in Ostryna, lived in Szczuczyn https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yv-shwarz.htm

· Investigation of Josef Kiefer for war crimes committed in Ostryna and Szczuczyn https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/kiefer.htm

· End of the Piaski Jewish Community https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/piaski.htm


· Reports of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission War crimes in Vasilishki https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/vas-crimes.htm

· Report of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission. War criminals in Vasilishki https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/vas-crminals.htm

- Report of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission. List of Victims in Vasiliski


· Testimony of Felix Isakovich Sinalevich, from Voronovo https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/yadv-sinal.htm

· Summary of testimony of Nathan Ballon from Eisiskes of mass murder of 300 Jews in Voronovo https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/ballon.htm


· Summary of mass murder of Jews of Zaludok https://www.kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/zaludok.htm

· Mass murder of Jews https://www.kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/zal-crimes.htm

If you have Lida uezd materials to share, please considering donating it. If you read Yiddish or Hebrew, please contact us.

Records are held both in Grodno and Vilna archives.For Lida records translation, your tax deductible contribution by credit card via the secure server at either group or by mail will grow our knowledge. For a $100 donation, you receive all these records translated two years ahead of their posting on JewishGen. Every penny collected is used for Lida uezd projects only. Records include censuses; family lists; marriages, births, death records; prenumeraten lists; and more. Please contact Judy Baston with any questions.For current translations, please see the
ALD: All Lithuanian Database and Belarus SIG Database.
Lida District genealogical records translation is a joint effort of Lida District Researchers of Belarus SIG and Lida District Research Group (DRG) of LitvakSIG. Record translations cover all shtetls (towns) in the Lida Uyezd (district) of Vilnius Guberniya (region) of Lithuania including the town of Lida itself. This page is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If useful or if you are moved by this effort to preserve the memory of our lost communities, your JewishGen-erosity will be appreciated.