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Jewish Agricultural Colonies in Russia - part one

by Harry D. Boonin

reprinted with his permission from ROOTS-KEY,

Newsletter of Jewish Genealogical Society of Los Angeles.

Spring 1991

As early as 1806 1,500 families living in the northern parts of the Pale of Settlement, numbering some 7,000 souls, applied to emigrate within the Russian Empire to engage in agricultural pursuits. Many of these applicants eventually settled in Kherson and Ekaterinoslav Guberniyas. During the balance of the 19th century, Jewish agricultural colonies did develop so that by 1900 some one hundred thousand Russians Jews lived on the land.¹ Surveys of this part of our history have been produced.² Recently while looking through an historical book on the Russian pogroms of 1881, I found the list reproduced below:

 

Appendix E: A Register of the number of Jewish Colonies and their population in 1881

Colony census:male census:female actual:male actual:female

Kherson Guberniya

A. Kherson District
Big Seudeminycha (Siedeminukha¹) 372 507 706 771
Little Seudeminycha (¹) 135 168 215 246
Bobrovii Ku (Bobrovy Kut;¹ Bobrov Kut¹) 306 333 611 596
Big Nagartav  (Bolshoi Nigertal¹) 291 254 426 414
Little Nagartav (Maly Nargatal¹)  66  78  94   95
Efiger (Yefingartz¹) 335 328 562 575
Inguletz (¹) 545 549 982 930
Kamenka (¹) 162 203 250 308
Izluchistaya  (Stalindorf) 201 210 334 337
New Berislav 143 129 269 242
Lvova 414 381 638 628
Novopoltavka 304 384 643 705
Romanovka 269 382 523 567
New Vitebsk 169 184 349 313
New Podolsk 162 136 229 186
New-Kovno 181 212 307 302
New-Zhitomir 136 139 203 208
Dobraya 445 403 761 683
B. Elizabetgrad District
Gromoklaya  85  63 140 123
Israelevka 368 344 599 551
Sagaidak 178 169 297 286
C. Tiraspolskii District
Volnaya 134 125 201 185

Ekaterinaslaw Guberniya

A.  Alexandrovskii District
#  1  New Zlatopol 155 298 306 424
#  2  Veselaya  63  81 150 150
#  3  Krasnoselka 122 183 243 290
#  4  Mezheretz 104 160 205 322
#  5  Trudolyubovka  93 147 189 194
#  6  Nechevka  77 105 150 136
#  8  Priyutnaya   56 143 136 200
#  9  Roshkoshnaya   49  96 118 169
#10  Bogadarevka   90 159 195 260
#11  Gorkaya   69 107 168 198
B. Mariupolskii District
#  7   Grafskaya  71  96 121 121
#12   Zelyenoe Polye 133 160 262 272
#13   Nadezhnaya                   144 152 250 248
#14   Sladkovodnaya   62  96 123 121
#15   Zatishe 111 221 214 266
#16   Ravnopol 109 136 148 174

#17   Khlebodarevka

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163

 83

191

1. The Jews in Poland and Russia: Bibliographical Essays, by Gershon David Hundert and Gershon C. Bacon. Indiana University Press, 1984, P. 157.

2. Evrei Zemledeltsv (Jewish Farmers; historical, administrative, legal, and day-to-day conditions in the colonies from the time of their origin to our day, 1807-1887) by Viktor N. Nikitin (1887). In Russian.

3. Materialy Dlia Anti-Evresiskikh Porgromov v Russii. (Materials for the History of anti-Jewish pogroms in Russia, Vol. II,) St. Petersburg (Petrograd), 1923, pp. 541, 542. In Russian.

Editor's Note: ¹ Mentioned in Avotaynu/XII/3 Soshnikov, Vlad. Jewish Agricultural Colonies in New Russia. pp 33-34.

part two

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