1. The Jews in Poland and Russia:
Bibliographical Essays, by Gershon David Hundert and Gershon C. Bacon. Indiana University Press, 1984, P.
2. Evrei Zemledeltsv (Jewish Farmers;
historical, administrative, legal, and day-to-day conditions in the colonies from the time of their origin to our
day, 1807-1887) by Viktor N. Nikitin (1887). In Russian.
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in Avotaynu/XII/3 Soshnikov, Vlad. Jewish Agricultural Colonies in New Russia. pp