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U.S. & Canada

The first emigrants headed to the New World—from the 1890s until 1922, Stoliners flooded into the Western Hemisphere.

Upon leaving the shtetl, their first destinations were ports all across Europe to begin trans-Atlantic voyages, some of which lasted up to a month. Almost all immigrants from Stolin would have traveled in the steerage section of the ship, in extremely cramped and unhealthy conditions. This made it common for otherwise healthy passengers to be refused entry into the U.S. due to illnesses they had contracted while on the ship.

Once in their newly adopted cities and towns, Stoliners set out to create new lives and new identities. Difficult challenges still lay ahead—locating lodging, finding work, learning English, and providing for their families. Those who couldn’t manage often returned to their shtetls. Those who stayed organized mutual aid societies, known as landsmanshaften, with other Jews from the same region to help them adjust to their new surroundings. Their social circles, religious worship, means of obtaining loans and burial accommodations generally revolved around such organizations.

Landsmanshaften and Synagogues


*Note: Not every Stoliner was buried in a Stoliner cemetery section and not everyone buried in a Stoliner cemetery section was a Stoliner. These sections can give us an idea of how the immigrants formed their communities once they arrived in the United States and who they interacted with.


Compiled by and Copyright © 2020 Joshua S. Perlman and Adina Lipsitz
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Updated 20 December, 2020

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