Nowy Targ, Poland
Very few photos can be found of the main synagogue, located at 17 J.
Kazmierska Street, and the Chassidic shtibl, as they appeared before
their destruction and
transformation into a cinema and locksmith's shop, respectively.
Photographs of what they looked like June 2016 are also shown, taken by a
visitor from the USA, Sally Mizroch.
Photo of the Original Main Synagogue on 17 Jan Kazmierska Street.
Because links to the VirtualSztetl sometimes change, this is from where I copied the photo of the Main Synagogue.
Photo of the Chassidic shtibl in Nowy Targ on Szfalarska Street, 19.This image was copied from Virtual Sztetl, because the links on their website change faster than updates to this site. As of this upload, the original photo is available on their site.
The Tatry Cinema, photo by Sally Mizroch, June 2016.
The following is adapted from Virtual Sztetl's description: The original brick building was built around the beginning of the 1900s, on a neo-baroque rectangular plan, and had electric lighting. On the east wall was an elaborate Aron ha-Kodesz.
During World War II the Germans destroyed the synagogue. After the war, the destroyed building returned to the remnant of the Jewish community. Unable to renovate it, the authorities took it over and the "Tatra" cinema, was opened, is still functional. During the renovation of the synagogue, the original appearance of the building was completely obliterated as is obvious in comparing the pictures.
Sally Mizroch's photo of the abandoned locksmith's shop on Szaflara Street 19. Photo taken June 2016.
According to information on the Virtual Sztetl website, after the war, the "synagogue building was completely renovated and ... adapted to the needs of the locksmith's workshop." The building as it appears in disrepair is apparently abandoned and falling into ruin. The original synagogue was built in the early 1900s on a rectangular plan; "... the main façade had three windows and a semi-circular door. After the reconstruction ... the windows and doors were changed. Only the rectangular attic lofts have survived from the original design."
|Aryeh deBei Aliyah, by Aryeh Leibush Lipschitz, unknown date,
Jerusalem, 159 pp.
Also published, 1880, Przemysl, 154 pp.
compiled by Yoel Bloch, Ofen (i.e., Budapest), 1863, 225 pp.
|Hachanat Lev LeTefila
by Shlomo Aryeh Lev Weinshelbaum, (from Blendow, Poland), published, Bilgoraj, 1927
|Last Name, First||Source #||Information|
|FEIT, Baruch Zvi
|GLÜCKSMAN, Shmuel||1, 3, 4||In 4, under Dunaietz|
|GLÜCKSMAN, Shmuel (#2)
||5||Cannot be the same as the one above, since he died 1891, and is buried in Nowy Targ.
|GOLDFINGER, Yakov||2, 4|
|GOLDMANN, Shlomo||1, 2, 3, 4|
||4||Shochet, (not clear if Kalman is a given or family name)
|GÜNSBERG, Yisrael Zvi
||5||Brother-in-law of the author|
|KAHANE, Chaim Yosef
||5||From ? (אגראדאווע)
|KLEINZAHLER, Aryeh Leibush||1, 3||Shochet|
|KORNGUT, Abraham David||1, 3||son of Yitzchak|
|KORNGUT, Y.||5||From ? (כאכאלאב)
|KORNGUT, Yitzchak||1, 3||Czarny Dunajec|
|MANDEL, Aharon||1, 2, 3, 4|
|NACHMAN, Yosef Mendel
|REISZ, Moshe||1, 3, 4||In 4, under Dunaietz|
|STORCH, Rabbi Chaim Dov Ber
||5||Chief Rabbi of Nowy Targ
|WOLF, Binyamin||1, 3||Shochet of Jardonow|
(with thanks to Yoel HIRSCH for finding these pieces.)
Prior to Rabbi Yaakov Yokel HIRSCH becoming the rabbi in Nowy Targ,
they seem to have had other "Religious Authorities" referred to in
German as Religionweiser. Yoel HIRSCH, a descendant of the
aforementioned rabbi, found listings in three editions of
"Statthalterei-Gebietes fur Galizien" for the years: 1862, 1866,
1868. Here are the little excerpts from pages in those editions:
|1862: Here we see Joachim (Chaim) KORNGUT serves
as the Religions Authority while Rabbi Jacob (i.e. Yaakov Yokel) HIRSCH
is serving in Gorlice.
||1866 Joachim KORNGUT died in 11 May 1864, so now Moses PERLMAN is the Religious Authority and Rabbi HIRSCH is still in Gorlice.
||1868: Jacob HIRSCH is the Religious Authority.
Nowy Targ seems to have been in need of a shochet from time to time. In several consecutive issues of the weekly newspaper, HaMitzpah
(printed in Krakow, Poland in Hebrew between the years 1904-1914,
1917-1921) they posted an advertisement for a shochet in December
1905-January 1906. They posted the same in the Machzikay Hadat
Newspaper that was founded by Rabbi Shimon Sopher (son of the Chatam
Sopher) in 1897 and continued until the beginning of WW I, in 1914.
It is amazing at the stringent requirements they had for such a
position, and how much they expected such a man to do. Unfortunately, we
do not know who tried out and who was accepted for this position. This
example is from the 6 January 1906 issue of the second newspaper.
"The community of Neumarkt Galicia seeks an expert shochet who can also serve to lead prayer services, having a pleasant voice, can also read the Torah, and be a mohel (circumciser), and whose age is between 24-30.
He should be Galician-born and have recommendations from famous contemporary gaonim (scholars).
His salary will come from the community's fund, 1,200 Crowns per
year. At this time, this salary is "provisional" for the year, and if he
decides to quit, we won't stand in his way.
Anyone who is interested should send a letter to the signator below
or come here in person also for an interview with the chief rabbi,
before 1 February 1906. This is also to advise you that travel
expenses will only be reimbursed for the person selected.
Signed, Dr. B. KOHN, President of the community."
|One shochet was discerned from his rubber stamp that was found in a
rather battered Hebrew book. Hard to read, but he was Zvi Meyer ERNST.
In other documents he was referred to as "M. ERNST."
He was a shochet before the posting of the job offering above.
(The rubber stamp is similar to that of Rabbi STORCH, on the Family page.)
For more about the HIRSCH family, see the Family menu item
|At the end of June 2016, Sally Mizroch who has ancestry in Nowy Targ,
traveled from Seattle, WA, to Nowy Targ, Poland. One of her goals
was to visit and photograph the cemetery and its remaining stones.
Among the few that actually remain, was that of one of Nowy Targ's
rabbis, Rabbi Yaakov Yokel HIRSCH. He authored a scholarly
book called "Birchat Ya'akov" or, "Jacob's Blessing." He was the son
of Mordechai Zeev Wolf HIRSCH, of Lviv. The cover page is at right and may be seen in its entirety at https://beta.hebrewbooks.org/751, or click on the image at right.
This rabbi was the first of Nowy Targ's rabbis.
He arrived in Nowy Targ in 1862 and served until his death in 1880.
He was succeeded by Rabbi Chaim Dov-Ber STROCH, who came in 1885, and served until his passing in 1932 -- a 46 year span of religious leadership.
Rabbi Hirsch's original stone was destroyed by the nazis during World War II.
The stone was renewed in 5766 (2006) by his grandson, Rabbi Avraham Aba HIRSCH, and his children (may they live well).
To see a complete set of the Sally Mizroch's cemetery photos, she has made them available on Flickr. The data from the inscriptions has already been extracted.
9 March 2017Copyright ֲ© 2017-2020
updated 6 June 2020
Madeleine R. Isenberg
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