Nowy Targ, Poland
This is the FEIT family photo on p. 387:
May They be Remembered Forever
Seated, R to L: Josef FEIT (grandfather), Genendel FEIT (grandmother).
Standing, R to L: Baruch Hirsch, Leibush, Malka, Reikel FEIT
Yom Tov FEIT - father
Tziporah FEIT - mother
of Czarny Dunajec
Provided by granddaughter, Esther (FEIT) NIR
The full title of Michael Walzer-Fass's Yizkor book on Nowy Targ (published in Israel, 1979) also includes material related to several nearby towns that fall within the Nowy Targ district:
Remembrance Book Nowy-Targ and Vicinity: Zakopane, Charni Dunaietz, Rabka, Yordanov, Shchavnitza, Kroshchenko, Yablonka, Makov Podhalanski
Bette Stoop Mas has an extensive family tree for the FEIT
family. In an e-mail sent 28 December 2017, to this webmaster, she
"My FEIT Family Tree Project database contains 8,950 individuals in 376 unconnected branches from dozens of towns in Galician Poland. Only one branch, the Baltimore branch from Czarny Dunajec, is from the Nowy Targ vicinity. Czarny Dunajec was in Nowy Targ district of Galicia, Austria and later in Krakow province, Poland. Czarny Dunajec is located 8 miles WSW of Nowy Targ and is included in the Nowy Targ Yizkor book, by Michael Walzer-Fass.
Some family members born in Czarny Dunajec were in the Nowy Targ
Ghetto in 1942 and are in Yad Vashem Pages of Testimony. Birth records are
indexed in JRI-Poland. One family member was born in Zakopane, also in
Nowy Targ district and located only 10 miles SSE of Czarny Dunajec.
The following is an extract from [source: “FEIT Family Tree Project” by Bette Stoop Mas, The
Galitzianer, a publication of Gesher Galicia, Inc. Volume 15, Number 4,
August 2008, Pages 14-15].
“Virtually all of the FEIT families who immigrated to the United States since the mid-1880s from Austria /Poland are Jewish and originated from about 73 villages and towns in the southeastern corner of Poland… A large FEIT branch in Baltimore is from Czarny Dunajec, south of Kraków near Nowy Targ, on the southern Poland border with Slovakia in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. The Nowy Targ FEITs are related to a much larger FEIT branch from Cholewiana Góra, near Leżajsk… Many members of the large Baruch Tzvi & Rakhel Eidel FEIT branch from Czarny Dunajec, Chochołów and Rajcza, including a grandson born in Biecz, arrived at the port of Baltimore where they settled. Others perished in the Shoah, including those in the family photo on page 387 of the Nowy Targ Yizkor book, or immigrated to Israel.”
|8 January 2018:
Extracted from a page in the Yizkor Book for Nowy Targ as seen in JewishGen site, about Rabbi Yaakov Yokel, this is a translation from the rabbi's book, Birchat Yaakov. At right is the corresponding text in Hebrew from that book. The yellow highlights indicate names that are listed below this translated paragraph, but were not included in the Yizkor book's translation. The boldface is from this webmaster:
"Rabbi Hirsch accepted the call to serve in Nowy-Targ after his material state was impaired by adversity. "When I came there," he writes, "I was a stranger in an alien land, for I had there neither relative nor friend, and although its inhabitants were honest and well-meaning and respectful of my person, each had to attend to his own affairs, but the Almighty moved many charitable and prosperous men to befriend me"; he then goes on to list the names of these men, saying that "these distinguished members of our town are my supporters, both in providing for my household and in refreshing my soul; they are my protection against any foe. May the Almighty repay them as they deserve, and may their years be spent in pleasure and prosperity, in honor and everything good. Amen."
The larger highlighted section, refers to the Rabbi's wife and his praise of her:
Esther, daughter of the distinguished rabbi, Yitzchak WEISS, of Gorlitz.
At left is a simplified portion of the HIRSCH family tree, based on information given by descendant Yoel HIRSCH, whose ancestor was Meyer HIRSCH.
A big mystery surrounds Esther WEISS HIRSCH. She was born in Gorlice, but no one knows where she died and where she was buried. It is estimated that she married around 1835-1836. Yaakov Yokel HIRSCH settled with her in Gorlice, where he was later appointed Kreis Rabbiner (District Rabbi) and Religionweiser (Religious Authority) from 1862 to 1868 when they moved to Neumarkt to accept his Rabbinical post.
Rabbi If anyone has information about her, please contact Yoel Hirsch.
Update 18 January 2018: Genealogist Jakub Czupryński was able to provide Yoel with some additional information. From reviewing vital records, Jakub surmised that from no longer seeing a record signed by Rabbi HIRSCH, he may have died sometime in March 1884. And as for Esther, she required financial support AFTER her husband died, and lived at least until 1890.
15 January 2018: The GLÜCKSMAN family is still quite a mystery. One of the
motivators for this webmaster in creating this KehilaLinks site for Nowy
Targ was to learn more about her ancestors, including this GLÜCKSMAN
family. Finding the video noted on the home page on Virtual
Sztetl, in 26 Feb 2014, she noted that it took a slow walk through
the Jewish cemetery and it looked like Samuel GLÜCKSMAN's name was on a matzeva.
But it was not distinct enough to make out more information.
Someone needed to walk that cemetery and find the matzeva.
Sally MIZROCH also shares this family in her ancestry and she planned a
trip from Seattle, Washington, USA to Poland, with a stop in Nowy
Targ in June 2016. She photographed all the tombstones that exist
cemetery -- all those that remained after the desecration and abuse of
the other matzevot. Aside from the special, large memorials to the
Holocaust victims, many of whom were killed and buried in mass graves
there, all that remain are about 40 stones.
How amazing that not only did Sally photograph that of Samuel GLÜCKSMAN, but also that of his sister, Margita (Gitla) GLÜCKSMAN STEINER! The latter in fact had been a mystery for 20 years: Not knowing when she died and where she was buried.
Thanks to an e-mail from Yoel HIRSCH, regarding the introduction
found in the book written by his ancestor, Rabbi Yaakov Yokel HIRSCH (see above), we
can see that Samuel GLÜCKSMAN was a man of prominence, able to provide
support for the rabbi.
Thanks to Sally MIZROCH, here are the two
matzevot of Samuel and his sister Margita.
So now there is an added mystery:
Who might have visited her grave and marked the inscription in black to
make it more readable???
...the famous SHMUEL, Z"L, son of
Avraham GLUCKSMAN, Z"L,
died 18 Iyar (Lag B'Omer) 5651 (= 26 May 1891)
...the leader, pious, and respected Gitla,
daughter of the rabbi, Avraham,
wife of the rabbi and leader,
R' Shmuel David STEINER (still alive)
died Eve of Sabbath portion Ekev,
22 Av 5633 (=15 August 1873)
Note: while stone indicates the men were rabbis,
this may just mean they were learned men.
This family's name sometimes had one R and sometimes two. The
Nowy Targ cemetery has very few tombstones that remained in tact after
the Holocaust. Who knows why tese few were spared? Here are the
stones of the two members of this family.
|The top arc blesses him as the "nagid" which translates
as an important representative of the Jewish community:
Abraham SILBERRING, son of Baruch, who died at age 72,
on the 16 Adar II 5668 = 19 March 1908
|This stone is for an elderly woman and has a traditional candelabrum
at the top, in this case with five branches. Regina (Rivka, in Hebrew),
daughter of the same Abraham SILBERING, wife of (unnamed) DEMIANY.
She was born in 1853 and died 7 Nisan 5695= 9 April 1935
The list of names at right was derived from reading the existing 42 tombstones in Nowy Targ's Jewish Cemetery.
This is not a complete list of families who once lived in Nowy Targ, but just the few 35 family names that can still be recognized from the tombstones.
A few old black and white photographs of Nowy Targ tombstones may be found in Yad Vashem's archives.
Note: There may be some spelling variations in the names.
Famous filmmaker, Billy Wilder, had family roots in Nowy Targ.
According to Wikipedia, his mother, was born Eugenia, to Adolf DITTLER and Balbina née BALDINGER,
in Nowy Targ, 1885. She was killed in Plaszow, Poland in 1943. Eugenia "Gitla" she
was married to Max WILDAR, and later to Bernard "Berl" SIEDLISKER, who
became Billy's step-father. Eugenia was killed in Plaszow, and her
mother (b. 1867) in the Nowy Targ Ghetto, in 1943.
Details about Billy Wilder and his Wilder Family ancestry can be found on-line.
More than a year before I developed the KehilaLinks site for Nowy Targ, I photographed
Billy Wilder's tombstone, in the Westside Memorial Mortuary, in West Los
Angeles, California. I did not know his connection to Nowy Targ at that time.
|As a writer and filmmaker, Billy Wilder, was also well appreciated for some of his comedic movies. The line But Then Nobody's Perfect comes from the last words in the movie, "Some Like it Hot."|
1 March 2017Copyright Â© 2017-2019
updated 27 March 2019
Madeleine R. Isenberg
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