names: Scucyn and Шчучын [Bel],
and Щучин [Rus], Shtutchin and
[Yid], Ščučyn, Ščiutinas [Lith],
Szczuczyn (Novogrudok), Szczuczyn
Nowogródzkim, Szczuczyn Litewski.
The transliteration Scucyn is the one preferred by the government of
N 24°45' E. 37
miles E of Grodno, 30 miles
SW of Lida in Hrodna Voblast of Belarus as Scucyn district center.
the dependent villages of Albinowce, Andruyushetvtsy/Andruszowce
at 53º40' 24º38' , Bale I and II, Bartosze, Bojary
Male, Bojary Wielkie, Bujwicze, Domuciowce, Dubrowlany, Gierniki Nowe,
Gierniki Stare, Gudi, Ishelin/Ishchelnyany/Ishcholyany/Ishcolnyany/Iszczona/Ischalna/
Iszczolna/Stary Yederniki at 53º40' 24º55',
Jabloszowce, Janczuki, Juciowce, Jurowszczyzna, Kaleczyce, Kiemiany,
Koropki, Kozarcze, Krasna, Kulaki, Kuwerki, Lack, Maciowce, Micary,
Mikolajkowszczyzna, Murawjowka, Naumowce, Nowosady Iszczolskie,
Nowosiolki, Ogrodniki, Paszkowszczyzna, Pilczuki, Planty, Rohacze,
Rzeszotniki, Sajdaki, Skragi, Solohubowce, Spusza, Starodworce,
Topiliszki, Turowka, Worony, Zagunie, Zajkowszczyzna, Zarzecze, Zylicze
the estates, colonies, and hamlets of Andruyushetvtsy/Andruszowce
Baranowszczyzna, Bojary, Buciowszczyzna, Czaplicowszczyzna,
Czarnowszczyzna, Dojlidowszczyzna, Domuciowce, Dorgiowce,
Dzaplidzowszczyzna, Giernickzka, Gierniki, Iszczolna, Janowszczyzna,
Jatwiesk, Klemiany, Kozarcze, Korzyse (Pieski), Lack Koscielny,
Leszczanka, Krzywosiolki, Kudra, Kuwerki, Leszczanka, Marysin,
Masliszki, Meldziny, Mikolajkowszczyzna, Nowosady, Nowosady
Krasnowskie, Pietrulewszczyzna, Planty, Poplawy, Prejca, Rodziewicze,
Romaniszki, Siemienie, Siewkowszczyzna, Sliwowszczyzna, Slonna,
Smolarnia, Stara Jelna, Starodworce, Swojatycze, Szczuczynek,
Szczuczyn, Szczyczynek, Szuly, Talkowszczyzna, Talmontowszczyzna,
Topiliszki, Turja, Trynapol, Turja, Waclawowo, Wady, Wity, Wnuczkowce
population was nearly 15,000. [Not Szczuczyn, Poland (Łomża gubernia,
near Białystok although both towns were called "Szczuczyn, Poland"
between the WWI and WWII]. Jewish population: 1,356 (in 1897), ~2,000
The first known official mention of Scucyn is 1436, but the settlement
dates from 1537 when Scucyn was mentioned in the Book of Acts
of the Lithuanian Metrica (Lithuanian vital records), held in
the Government Archive in Lithuania. Ownership of Scucyn passed from
noble Radziwiłł family, then the Drutskiya-Liubetskis, the Scipions,
and others. In the 15th–18th centuries, Scucyn became a
member of the Lida council of the Vilnius voivode. In the first half of
the 17th century, Scucyn was governed by the marshal of the Lithuanian
principality, Scipio de Campo. Scucyn was an average-sized privately
owned village in terms of population.
1726 Sejm resolution established the Catholic Monasterial Order. The
Board of Scucyn was one of the biggest in Belarus. Scucyn was subject
to ruin and ravage more than once in its history, the biggest during
the North War when the town was seized by Swedish king Karl XII. After
the third partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in
1795, Scucyn became part of the Russian Empire. In June 1812, Scucyn
was occupied by French troops and in 1915 by the German Kaiser. In
1919, the Red Army attempted to seize Belorussian land by taking the
railroad line. However, superior defense forced the Red Army back.
Western Belarus including
Scucyn went under Soviet control. In World War II, Scucyn was occupied
by German troops when from June 25, 1941 until July 13, 1944 the Nazi
forces killed about 2180 Jews from Scucyn ghetto, the majority on May
9-10, 1942. Until the collapse of the Soviet Union, Scucyn was a home
of one of the biggest Soviet air bases going back into 1941.
by Ellen Renck and Jan Sekta].
Andruszowce: village in
Lida powiat, Catholic parish Lack, post office Szczyczyn, Lithuania, 5
mila from Lida; farms 34; 45 domiciles, inhabitants: 340, open area: 74
wlok, of which
14 belong to the peasants according to the decree of 1864; forest 20 wlok, meadow
and pasture 15 wlok, wateland
10 wlok; remainder
cultivated land with good soil. Cylindrical water mill., the profits of
which belonged to the Narbut families for many years, i and in 1849 the
inheritance right passed to the Moraczewski family and and today is the
state property of the heirs of Adam Moraczewski. There are many kurhan
[mounds erected as tombs], rich material for archeology.
today, is a village in Schutchin district located twelve kilometers
from Schutchin and eight kilometers from the railway station
Skribovtsy. The 1995 population was 90 people with 38 houses.
was first mentioned in the Chronicles at the end of fifteenth century
to the beginning of the sixteenth century as an estate in Lida povet
belonging to Davoinovich. In 1515, he established the St. Trinity
Catholic church there. In 1547, Stanislav Davoinovich established a
mestechko at Ischalna. In the seventeenth century it belonged to Limont
Vishnevetski, Palupyaty, Radimin-Frantzkevich, and Skarbek Vazhinski.
In 1690, fifty-three houses existed.
1758, U. Val built a brick Catholic church. Beginning in 1795 the
Russian Empire governed the area. In the nineteenth century, Ischalna
was mestzechko and a village in Schutchin Oblast in Lida povet, Vilna
guberniya and belonged to Skarbek Vazhinski. In 1897, there were 118
people, fourteen houses and a post office. In 1915, the German Army
occupied it. The Red Army and Polish Army occupied it from1919 to 1920.
In 1921-1939 Ischalna belonged to Poland as a village in Schutchin
gmina, Lida povet, Novogrudok Voevodstvo. Beginning 1939 the BSSR
assumed control. During World War II, the Nazis captured Ischalna.
Beginning April 17, 1962, Ischalna belonged to Scucyn district with a
collective farm "Bolshoe Mozheikovo", a post office and a shop.
Architectural monument: St. Trinity Catholic Church (1758)
(Sachenka, vol. 3, p.511)
of the Slownik
Geograficzny entry for Iszczolna
of the Slownik
Geographiczny entry for Scucyn
Holocaust in Scucyn
- Holocaust in Scucyn on Yahad in Unum site.
Cemetery (or go directly to the photographs: Roll 1 Roll 2 Roll 3 Roll 4
zikaron le-kehilot Szczuczyn, Wasiliszki, Ostryna, Nowy-Dwor, Rozanka (Tel Aviv,
Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902),
XI, pp. 864-865: "Szczuczyn" #1.
- Barbara Proko's translation of
89: "Sh'chuchin, Stutchin".
Vol. 8 (2005), pp. 621-625: "Szczuczyn".
of Jewish Life (2001), p.
1276: "Szczuczyn (II)".
"Щучин, местечко". Minimal entry.
- Russian-language wikipedia page (see the bottom for some pictures)
of Scucyn in Belarus Guide
- town images: go to the internet archive Wayback Machine & paste in http://schuchin.narod.ru/gallery.html . Choose 2016 & click on one of the calendar dates with a blue star
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