Welcome to Jewish Research in Lida Uezd in Vilna Guberniya

 Today in Belarus and Lithuania

     Grodno Guberniya 1801-1842, Vilna Guberniya 1842-1917, part of the Russian Empire prior to the World War I, and part of Poland (1920-1939)

Lida Uezd Homepage
Lida Uezd History
Lida Uezd Towns
Lida Uezd Maps
Searchable Databases
Lida Uezd during the Holocaust
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Compiled and Copyright© 1999-2014 by
Ellen Sadove Renck

Webmaster: Irene Pupko Newhouse
Documentary Research: Judy Baston
Updated: September 2020

Maps of Today's Lida Uezd Area

Towns in Lida Uezd:

    • Linked at Lida Uezd Towns are Belitsa, Eisiskes/Radun, Iwje/Lipniszki , Lida, Nowy Dwor, Orlya, Ostryna, Radun, Rozanka, Scucyn,Vasiliski, Voronovo , and Zaludok with current towns names, but separate pages that list  alternatives and dependencies.

Background Information

    • Some families were "from Poland” or “from Russia” or” from Russian Poland” or “White Russia” or “from Lithuania”... and all the same family! (No one was born in "Guberniya", a geographical designation equivalent to a province or state.) Town names tend to repeat within countries in Eastern Europe. [Think Springfield in the USA.) Confirm your town carefully to avoid wasted time by checking at the JewishGen Gazetteer!
    • Many ancestors signed their names in Yiddish. Civil documents used Cyrillic or Polish alphabets depending on the governing body at the time. Personal name transliteration in different scripts is arbitrary, varying often. Here's a link to transliterating Russian and Ukrainian and a guide to Polish pronunciation. 
    • There are many myths about evading military service in the Russian Empire. Most are untrue. Check out a definitive article from YIVO
    • Your Name was NOT Changed at Ellis Island. Ellis Island was an immigration station, not a court. Another link on immigrant name changes.
    • Russian Revision Lists (Censuses) are an important source.
    • LOCATION AFTER 1939: Baranavichy Oblast (Belarusian:  Лі́да, Russian: Ли́да, Yiddish: לידא) was a territorial unit in the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic created after the annexation of West Belarus into the BSSR in November 1939. The administrative centre of the province was the city of Baranavichy. The voblast was originally known as the Navahrudak Voblast but it was soon renamed to Baranavichy Voblast. The oblast was made up of 26 raions in 1944. These raions were Byten, Gorodyshche, Ivyanets, Iwye, Yuratishki, Karelichy, Kletsk, Kozlovshchina, Lyakhavichy, Lida, Lubcha, Mir, Masty, Navahrudak, Nova Mysh, Nesvizh, Radun, Slonim, Stowbtsy, Shchuchyn, Vasilishki, Valozhyn, Voranava, Dzyatlava, Zel’va and Zheludok. In 1944, the oblast was diminished after transferring raions of Lida, Radun, Schuchyn, Vasilishki, Voranava, Masty, Zel’va and Zheludok to newly founded Hrodna Voblast (Founded after remaining parts of Belastok Region to Belarus in 1945) and ones of Iwye, Yuratishki and Valozhyn to Molodechno Voblast in 1944. Finally on January 8, 1954 the oblast was liquidated and the raions were divided between the Brest (Raions of Gorodyshche, Lyakhavichy and Novo Mysh), Grodno (Byten, Karelichi, Kozlovshchina, Lubcha, Mir, Navahrudak and Slonim), Molodechno (liquidated in 1960) (Raion of Ivyanets) and Minsk (Raions of Kletsk, Nesvizh and Stowbtsy) Olbasts (Modern Brest Voblast, Hrodna Voblast and Minsk Voblast). Thus, Baranavichy became part of Brest one as raion center after Nova Mysh one's center was moved to Baranavichy in 1 May 1954 and renaming it as Baranavichy one after 8 April 1957.

General Resources

Books by and/or about Lida District Jews

If you have Lida uezd materials to share, please considering donating it. If you read Yiddish or Hebrew, please contact us.

Records are held both in Grodno and Vilna archives.For Lida records translation, your tax deductible contribution by credit card via the secure server at either group or by mail will grow our knowledge. For a $100 donation, you receive all these records translated two years ahead of their posting on JewishGen. Every penny collected is used for Lida uezd projects only. Records include censuses; family lists; marriages, births, death records; prenumeraten lists; and more. Please contact Judy Baston with any questions.For current translations, please see the ALD: All Lithuanian Database and Belarus SIG Database.
Lida District genealogical records translation is a joint effort of Lida District Researchers of Belarus SIG and Lida District Research Group (DRG) of LitvakSIG. Record translations cover all shtetls (towns) in the Lida Uyezd (district) of Vilnius Guberniya (region) of Lithuania including the town of Lida itself. This page is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If useful or if you are moved by this effort to preserve the memory of our lost communities, your JewishGen-erosity will be appreciated.