Эйшышкі [Lith], Eshishuk and איישישוק
and Эйшишки / Ейшишки [Rus], Eišišķes
[Latv], Aisheshuk, Aishishak, Aishishuk, Eishishuk,
Eishyshok, Eyshishkes, Eyshishok, Aišiškės
N, 25°00' E,
38 miles SSW of Vilnius, 23
miles NNW of Lida in Šalčininkai
region near border with Belarus. Eisiskes is in Lithuania
today, unlike most of Lida District, which is in Belarus.
Situated on a small
group of hills and surrounded by marshy valley of Verseka and Dumblė
Rivers, the rivers divide the town into two parts with the northern
part called Jurzdika.
2008 Eišiškės population was 3,610.
koroteha ve-hurbana (Jerusalem,
1960) , "Aishishuk";
its history and its destruction: documentaries, memories and
illustrations(Israel, 1980), There
once was a world: a 900-year chronicle of the shtetl of Eishyshok (Boston, 1998).
Aleksandrovo / Zemaiciu
Jews in Eisiskes
and other organizations
Wiesenthal Center Archives & Library. The Center used
to have much material online that is no longer.
- German troops arrived in
Eišiškės on June 23, 1941. On September 21, 1941,
SS Mobile Killing Squad with Lithuanian auxiliaries entered the town.
4,000+ Jews from Eishishok and neighboring towns and villages were
imprisoned in three synagogues and then taken in groups of 250 to the
old Jewish cemetery where SS men ordered them to undress and stand at
the edge of open pits where Lithuanian auxiliary troops shot them to
death. The new cemetery was destroyed in 1953 and turned into the yard
of a kindergarten. Some private Jewish buildings survive and are
protected as part of the urban heritage. One school is now a library,
while another was demolished. No Jews live in the town today.
of Nathan Ballon from Eisiskes, who was in Voronovo during WWII, from
records at the Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American
Holocaust Memorial Museum has hundreds of matches on
to Holocaust murders of Eisiskes women and children
- List of Pages
of Testimony for former residents of Eisiskes at Yad Vashem compiled by Judy Baston
of Holocaust Victims (Necrology) from Eisiskes compiled from various sources by
- Film: There
Once Was a Town on YouTube, late 2020
Page, Incorporation papers location for a Landsmanshaft for
Landsmanshaftn and other organizations. Pull down "JGS Resources" and
Papers" to get there.
- Eisisker Landsmanshaftn burial society plots in
New York City - courtesy of JGSNY
Jewish Genealogical Society of New York Enter
'Eisiskes' into the town search box. (Down for updating as of 6/30/215)
- HaMelitz Lithuanian Charity Donors Database
Entry for Eisiskes
- Eliezer Elijah b. Solomon Ẓebi Hirsch
Deiches (1797-1881) was rabbi
in Voronovo and Eisiskes, born and died in Vilnius.
See Jewish Encyclopedia
online under Deiches
- Rabbi Benyamin Ha-Cohen Shekowitski (1871 -
1938), last Maggid of Minsk. His
father was from Eisiskes, his mother a Dolinski from Radun. See pp 124 - 128, Yaffa Eliach, There
Once was a World, Little Brown, 1998.
- Löb Hirsch Deiches (generally
called Aryeh Ẓebi b. David) "son of Rabbi
David of Eishishuk" died 1891. See
Jewish Encyclopedia online under
- Naomi Blitz,
to Perth", AVOTAYNU, Winter 2015, vol XXXI,
Island Arrivals listing Eisiskes as their last place of
residence compiled by
- Tombstones dating from as early as 1097 were at
the former Jewish cemetery, making Eshishok one of the oldest Jewish
settlements in Eastern Europe. IAJGS
International Jewish Cemetery Project
Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), II,
pp. 319-320: "Ejszyszki". (link went stale in Nov 2021; will reinsert if it ever works again)
- Barbara Proko's translation of the Slownik
Finder (1980), p. 23: "Eshishuk".
HaKehilot, Poland, Vol. 8 (2005), pp. 124-129: "Ejszyszki".
- Lithuanian Jewish Communities
(1991), pp. 95-96: "Eishishok (Eisiskes)".
of Jewish Life (2001), pp. 358-359: "Ejszyszki".
энциклопедия (1906-1913), "Ейшишки".
JewishGen Family Finder
- YIVO's on-line photograph collection
you have Lida uezd
materials to share, please considering donating it.
If you read Yiddish or Hebrew, please contact us.
held both in Grodno and Vilna archives.For Lida records translation,
your tax deductible contribution by credit card via the secure server
at either group or by mail will grow our knowledge. For a $100
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with any questions.For current translations, please see the ALD:
All Lithuanian Database and Belarus