(Grodno Guberniya, Volkovysk District, Białystok Region)

Located at 53º01'N/23º54'E, 33 miles East of Białystok
Other common spellings: Yalovka, Yaluvka (Others)
Correct Polish pronunciation: ya-WOOV-ka

JewishGen Communities page for Jałówka

Year General Population Jewish Population
1878 1,091 668
1897 1,311 743
1921 1,211 588

(Note: click the images below to enlarge them)

Jałówka is situated in a densely forested area on an old trade route from Minsk to Warsaw, 54 km from the regional seat of Białystok, and through which flows the Jałówka River. The town was founded at the beginning of the 16th century by Queen Bona, wife of King Zygmunt I, and in 1548 was granted its city charter by King Zygmunt August. In 1795, it was annexed to Prussia and in 1807 was incorporated into the Russian Empire. Jałówka was not connected to the railway network, and its economy remained characteristically rural: its residents earned their livelihoods from agriculture, light commerce and from workmanship. After WWI, Jałówka was included in independent Poland, and with the outbreak of WWII (September 1939) came under Soviet control. At the end of July 1941, it was conquered by the Nazis, and after three years was liberated by the Soviet Army.

More history

Additional Information about Jałówka

The 850 Jews deported to the Volkovysk camp by the Nazis, and a month later to Treblinka, appears on the list of deportations from the Jałówka district, not just the town. Read a first-person account of the fate of the Jews of Jalowka. [Contributed by David Gordon]

The Jałówka Township (gmina) included three small local villages: Leonowicze, Podozierany and Wiejki. Source: 1929 Polish Business Directory (http://data.jewishgen.org/jri-pl/1929/loadtop.htm?0127). [Contributed by David Gordon]

There were two cemeteries in Jałówka. The first was in the center of the village, north of the market square. It was established in the 1800s with the last burial in 1800s. It no longer exists. The second is located in a rural area on a hillside at a fork in the roads that lead to Kondratki and Gonczary. It was established in the 1800s with the last burial in 1941. Most of the cemetery is gone due to devastation during WWII and post-war agricultural use. Only a handful of gravestones remain. [Contributed by Gary Mokotoff]

See photographs of Jałówka on our website; additional pictures of Jałówka can be found at https://photos.app.goo.gl/QPr5HUmMyvFLfLLv5.

This page is dedicated to the memory of my great-grandfather, Shlomo Grodinsky a.k.a. Sam Gordon and his family. [David Gordon]