The Hamburg American Line (HAPAG) was by far the largest of the shipping companies bringing immigrants to America.
North German Lloyd was another company ferrying immigrants to America. The ships would berth in Hoboken where emigrants would board barges which would take them to Ellis Island.
An early photo of the docks of the Holland American Line in Hoboken. Emigrants would be loaded on barges at the front of the pier to be taken to Ellis Island.
The waterside of the Lackawanna ferry terminal. Emigrants traveling north and west would board Lackawanna Railroad trains to Buffalo with connections to Chicago and beyond.
A modern photo of the street side of the Lackawanna terminal. Beautifully restored it boast a Tiffany glass ceiling. Most emigrants passing through Hoboken would never see the waiting room. They boarded the train from the emigrant terminal.
Street side of the North German line. Note the gates restrict access.
By 1900, emigrants no longer stood outside as Twain described in 1879. A photo of the Lackawanna emigrant terminal in Hoboken, NJ. Unlike the Beaux Arts main terminal the waiting area for emigrant passengers and other "cheap" seat passengers was no frills.
Lea Halpern, Dutch Jewish sculptress among something over 900 Jewish refugees from Austria and Germany arrived in Hoboken in 1939 on the Holland-American Line ship, Rotterdam.
Copyright@2016 Janet Marcus