A 2003 interview with
a Kiev resident Leonid Rozenfeld is at Centropa's
Witness to a Jewish Century. He recalls Boguslav
in the early part of the century. Leonid describes the town physically,
with a great deal of fondness, as he talks about the livelihoods of
the Jews in the time of his grandparents, and remembers how his father,
a soldier in the Russian Army in World War I, helped to organize the
self-defense units described above.
Leonid remembered, "My father spoke at a gathering to
the young Jewish people appealing to them to organize a self-defense
unit to struggle against the bandits. There were about 600 people in
their units. They had 250 rifles, two automatic guns, bombs and grenades.
I have no idea where they managed to get these weapons. The unit raided
nearby villages and towns fighting the bandits.
Boguslav became a center
of self-defense in Kanev district, Kiev region. The local population
sympathized with them and supported them with food and accommodation.
They struggled for three years. At the third anniversary of their fighting
unit my father made an ardent speech expressing his appreciation of
their bravery. In summer 1923 the fighting unit of Boguslav was dismissed
since there were no bandits left in the country and the country and
its people were starting peaceful reconstruction work."
interview with Boguslav native Yefim Levitsky is at
Jewish Archives website. Interviewed May 24, 1999,
he recalled many aspects of his life, including the time in Boguslav when
the Jewish schools were closed by the Soviet authorities.