NOVY DVOR , Belarus

 נאָווידוואָר   -   Новы Двор

  53°48' N, 24°34' E

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Documentary Research: Judy Baston
Updated: Dec 2016

Lida uezd map from yizkor

Alternate names: Novy Dvor and Новы Двор [Bel], Novyy Dvor and Новый Двор [Rus], Nowy Dwór [Pol], Novi Dvor and : נאָווידוואָר [Yid], Novy Dvur, Novyy Dvur, Nowydwór, Naujadvaris, Novi Dvor, Novradeker, Novy Dvor. Hebrew: נובידבור. Many towns in Belarus are named "Novyy Dvor / Nowy Dwór" (meaning 'new manor'). 53°48' N, 24°34' E , 30 miles W of Lida, 12 miles W of Vasilishki, 5 miles N of Ostryna.
  • From Jewish Encyclopedia: "Village in the District of Grodno. In the sixteenth century Novy-Dvor had a well-organized Jewish community, some of whose members owned farms. Several documents show that the Jews of Novy-Dvor came in conflict, at times, with local priests, particularly in connection with the administration of the oath that Jews were required to take in legal suits. Thus in 1540, the Jew Khatzka appealed from the decision of the priest Clement, who desired him to take the solemn oath in the synagogue, instead of the common oath, which, in the opinion of Khatzka, the case required. From the course of the proceedings, apparently Khatzka’s son Simon could read the Russian documents; and that the case was referred to Queen Bona because of the inability of the common courts to reach a decision in the matter. 1558 census shows that the Jews held considerable property on the streets Bazarnaya, Dvortsovaya, and Zhidovskaya, much of the land being devoted to gardening. 1897 Jewish population of Novy-Dvor was 500 out of a total population of 1,282."

  • Russko Yevreiski Arkhiv, vol I, Nos. 236, 243, 282, 303; vol ii, No. 270; Regesty I Nadpisi.
  • Yizkor: Sefer zikaron le-kehilot Szczuczyn Wasiliszki Ostryna Nowy-Dwor Rozanka.
    Belorussian Maps in Cyrillic: FEEFHS Map Room: Russian Empire -Europe (1882): Belarus / White Russia
  • Nowy Dwor: Interior of the Beth Hamidrash. https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/lida-district/now-pix1.htm
  • Jewish cemetery
  • Ksiega Adresowa Handlowa, Warszawa Bydgoszcz 1929
  • District Research Group: Lida DRG
  • Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), VII, p. 294 "Nowydwor" #4 VII, p. 294: "Nowydwór" #4.
  • Shtetl Finder (1980), p. 63: "Novi Dvor (Novradeker)".
  • Pinkas HaKehilot, Poland, Vol. 8 (2005), pp. 441-444: "Nowy Dwór".
  • Encyclopedia of Jewish Life (2001), p. 909: "Nowy Dwor (I
  • From: Orgelbrand-Encyklopedia General, Volume XII , page 742, Warsaw, 1863: First some definitions of terms used:
    • Podskarbi - royal clerk responsible for a medieval king's treasury; after 16th century, a title equivalent to "the honorable"
    • Dekanat - district of ten parishes in the Catholic Church organizational structure
    • Drewniane miasteczko - little wooden country town, not large city, in which houses were built of wood
    • Voivod - local ruler or governor
  • Encyclopedia Judaica, vol 3., Berlin: 1931.
  • Encyclopedia Judaica; Dubnow, S. Pinchas ha-Medinah (1925); Kaganowitz, M. (editor)
  • Yad Vashem: 7310, Hebrew, 1 Mar 1973, KAPLAN, Yosef: Jews of Lida under Soviet rule; members of the Judenrat (with names); German workers Werner, Windisch an Hannweg; residents of the neighborhood, WASILISKI, IWJE, WORONOW in the Lida ghetto; failed escapes; escape of the couple Kaplan and their joining the Soviet partisan group Iskra; sabotage and battles.
  • Yad Vashem: p. 18 224540 Yiddish, 11 Aug 1947, Statistical data on the extermination of Jews in 1942 in various communities: LIDA, IVJE, WASILIZHKI, DOLHINOW and others
  • Shtetl Finder (1989), p. 31: "Ivia".
  • JGFF Town Search.
  • Simon Wiesenthal Center Holocaust link.
  • JGSNY Home Page, See "NY Landsmanshaftn and other organizations. Scroll to "Incorporation Papers".
  • US Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • HaMelitz Lithuanian Charity Donors Database
  • Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), II, pp. 319-320:
  • Barbara Proko's translation of the Slownik entry
  • Pinkas HaKehilot, Poland, Vol. 8 (2005)
  • Lithuanian Jewish Communities (1991)
  • Encyclopedia of Jewish Life (2001)
  • Еврейская энциклопедия (1906-1913)
  • JGFF JewishGen Family Finder
  • former Synagogue in Nowy Dwor at the bottom of the Nowy Dwor frame in Shtetls of Belarus
  • Novy Dworer Unt. Verein in Chicago burial plot. Search: "NOVYDWORER". NOTE: this MIGHT be Nowy Dwor, Poland, not Nowy Dwor, Belarus!
  • YIVO's on-line photgraph collection:17 pictures of Nowy Dwor, but most probably of the other Nowy Dwor.
  • Novy-Dvor in the Jewish Encyclopedia online. Use this spelling.
  • YIZKOR: Sefer zikaron le-kehilot Szczuczyn Wasiliszki Ostryna Nowy-Dwor Rozanka

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Records are held both in Grodno and Vilna archives.For Lida records translation, your tax deductible contribution by credit card via the secure server at either group or by mail will grow our knowledge. For a $100 donation, you receive all these records translated two years ahead of their posting on JewishGen. Every penny collected is used for Lida uezd projects only. Records include censuses; family lists; marriages, births, death records; prenumeraten lists; and more. Please contact Judy Baston with any questions.For current translations, please see the ALD: All Lithuanian Database and Belarus SIG Database.
Lida District genealogical records translation is a joint effort of Lida District Researchers of Belarus SIG and Lida District Research Group (DRG) of LitvakSIG. Record translations cover all shtetls (towns) in the Lida Uyezd (district) of Vilnius Guberniya (region) of Lithuania including the town of Lida itself. This page is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If useful or if you are moved by this effort to preserve the memory of our lost communities, your JewishGen-erosity will be appreciated.