Under King Sigismund August (1548-1632), the general privileges of the Jews are renewed and a system of autonomous government created – in effect, a Jewish state within a state under the auspices of the Crown, not the Polish parliament (Seym). Each independent Jewish kahal sends a deputy to a national assembly, or Council of Lands, which meets twice a year during the fairs in Lublin and Jarosław. Hebrew is one of the six languages recognized for legal purposes. Rus Czerwona is one of the four lands of the Council. This period is one of economic advancement for the Jews especially in large towns like Lwów.