Born in 1903 in Cherkassy, Kiev Gubernia,
Father -- a laborer. In 1910 she went over to Yekaterinoslav
with her family, where she received her education. In 1916 she worked in a
cardboard/box factory, and at the same time attended evening school. In
1918 she became a member in a local Yiddish drama circle, where she soon
became very active. In 1920 she entered into a professional Yiddish theatre
collective with whom she traveled to Baku, where
she acted for two years and then went with the collective to Moscow, where
she acted until 1923.
Until 1929 K. was active in a Jewish movable theatre collective in
the name of Esther Rukhl Kaminska,
and at the end of the year she was taken into the first Jewish moveable
State Theatre of the Ukraine, where she acted until 1932. In 1933 she acted
in organizing a Jewish worker's theatre in Baku, where she acted for seven
years. here she became the leading actress in the ensemble, and embodied
the same responsible roles, among others "Laurencia"
in Lope de Vega's "Shepsn-kval", "Yehudis" in "Uriel
Acosta", "Amalye" (Schiller's
"Robbers"), "Abigail" ("Shulamis"
by Goldfaden), "Rukhele"
(in Sholem Aleichem's "Stempenyu"),
"Anna Bogdanovitsh" (Daniel's "Yulius"), "Hadasah"
(Markish's "Kol Nidre"), "Di meshugene"
(Reznik's "Recruits"), "Rivkah" ("Di shvester"
by Peretz), "Reyzl"
by Sholem Aleichem), and "Alena" (Kropivnitski's
"Di shpin"). However, no less she
herself excelled in the roles of "Eti Meni" (Sholem Aleichem's
"Dos groyse gevins"),
"Di virtin fun hotel"), "Mirele Efros", "Krutshinina" (Ostrovski's
"On shuld shuldike"),
by Sholem Aleichem), "Sarah" (Sholem Aleichem's "Der blutiker shpas") and
"Sonye" in "Hirsh Leckert".
In 1940 K. went over to the Odessa Jewish State Theatre, where she
acted in the main roles until the Soviet-Nazi War. Her only son went away
to the front, and she was evacuated with a group of actors to Tashkent,
where she performed as a recitator in the local
philharmonic. She also performed in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
At the end of 1942 she was sent to Samarkand, where she worked in
the Kharkov Jewish State Theatre. In 1944 she was placed in Kokand, where
she acted in the Kiev Jewish State Theatre.
For her social work, K. received five testimonial awards.
Sh. E. from Yehoshua Lyubomirski.
Courtesy of the Museum of Family History
Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the
"Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen
Zylbercweig, Volume 7, page 6140
Copyright © Museum of Family History. All rights reserved.