Kiev Oblast, Ukraine

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Животiв, Yкраïна

Zhyvotiv (modern name: Novozhyvotiv) is located 148 km.  (92 miles) south-southwest of Kiev.

Its map coordinates are 49° 16' north latitude and 29° 32' east longitude.

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Name Variants:
Zhivotov [Russian], Zhyvotiv [Ukrainian], Zhivatov [Yiddish], and Żywotów [Polish]

Jewish population:

1765:      156
1897:   1,935
1926:      405

The town of Zhyvotiv was located on the eastern bank of the Ros'ka River. Later, a new town developed on the western margin of the river. The eastern town was renamed Staryy ( old ) Zhivotov while the western town was called Novyy ( new ) Zhivotov. Eventually, Novyy Zhivotov absorbed the old town, which ceased as an independent entity. Most Jews lived in Novyy Zhivotov.

Like many Jews of Eastern Europe, Zhyotiv's Jews were victims of periodic pogroms that occurred over the centuries: the Chmielnicki massacres of 1648; murder and robbery by the Haidamaks in 1768; riots in 1917; and Nazi barbarism in 1941.

The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life, vol 3, p. 1523; ed. Shmuel Spector

  • Last Modified: 12-03-2012

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