Entsiklopedia (Jewish Encyclopedia)
volume 10; pages 421-422, published
1906-1913. Translated from
Russian by Boris Feldblum of FAST.
Lyubar - during Kingdom of Poland
1) times was a
townlet in the Volhyn voevodstvo 2), Kremenets povet 3). In 1705, a local Jew
Pinkhas Shmojlovich told the Kremenets
district authorities that all Jews and
Catholics escaped from Lyubar with their
belongings, as the Cossacks approached;
only seven Jews returned by March 173;
they had to pay "chopovy and chelyazhny" 4) taxes retroactively
to 1699, but by then had no means. The
Jews, payers of the soul tax, numbered 405
in 1765 5). The
community was also in charge of the Jews
of the neighboring Novyj Ostropol' (62
people). - Registry II; Liczba 1765, V.5.
At present, it is a townlet in the Volhyn
Province, Novograd-Volynsky District.
According to the census of 1847, "Lyubar
Jewish Community" numbered 3,770 souls.
According to the 1897 census, there were
12, 507 residents in Lyubar including
5,435 Jews. There was one Talmud-Torah
(school) and one private school for boys
1) - Rzecz Pospolita in
Polish, or Kingdom of Poland, existed until the
partitions of 1772-1795.
2) - wojwodstwo in Polish - administrative unit
similar to province, during Rzecz Popolita
3) - powiat in Polish or district, during Rzecz
4) - liquor excise tax (existed in Polish
Kingdom; abolished in 1813 by Alexander I) and
the tax on household servants.
5) - year of the last Polish census before the
partitions, in which the Jews were listed