Gorodok, Ukraine

"Greiding", “Grayding” “Graydung”, “Graydunk” (Yiddish), (Hebrew) הורודוק

Horodok” [Ukr] Городок ,Gorodok” [Rus] , "Gorodok-Proskurovskiy” [Rus], “Gródek” [Pol]

Region: Podolia

Lat: 49°10’ N, Long: 26°34' E






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Compiled by Marc Goldberger and Steven Schreiber

Updated: February 2015

Copyright © 2013 Marc Goldberger and Steven Schreiber


Jewish Life


As shown on other pages of this website, the percentage of the town population that was Jewish from the 1870s to 1926 ranged from 30% to 42%. The synagogues, prayer houses, and cemetery are described on the Town Life page. As evidenced from the information presented on these pages, Jews were a significant part of the economic and cultural life of the town.


Excerpts from D. Schreiber’s memoirs describe some of the features of Jewish life in the town.


God is One

The Cheder

Preparing for the Sabbath

Other Excerpts on Jewish Life


One of the more interesting features about Jewish immigration from Russia to America was the role of the “organization”, as mentioned in D. Schreiber’s memoirs. The organization arranged for transportation and lodging from the point of leaving home to arrival at the ship’s embarkation point. The organization was also responsible for bribing officials, especially at the border crossing (bribes were always the most expensive component of a trip to America). People met the two immigrants when they disembarked in Philadelphia and put them safely on the train to Cincinnati.


The Cemetery


Ironically what remains of Jewish “life” in Gorodok is the cemetery.


Here is an excellent link to the Ukrainian site Podolia Unknown.  The article on that site, “Beauty and Barbarism” written in Ukrainian, describes the symbols on the gravestones in the Jewish cemeteries of Satanov and Gorodok. It also describes the destruction of the tombstones by fire, when, in order to clean up the overgrowth of vegetation in the cemetery, the cleaning crew, with the cooperation of the Jewish community, burned the dry plants. As a result, the tombstones were damaged. Photos of the tombstones are at the end of the article.







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