Changing Borders and Countries
The town of Chorzele was established in 1542. In 1551 King Zygmunt I of Poland gave the town "rights." From 1795 to 1807, the town was ruled by neighboring Prussia. During the years, 1807-1918, Chorzele was under the authority of the Duchy of Warsaw, the Kingdom of Poland and the Russian Empire.(Plock Gubernia). In 1918, the town was part of the new, independent country
of Poland. However, in 1939, Germany invaded Poland and began its occupation of Chorzele.
After end of WWII, Poland was under the control of the Soviet Union. In the early 1990's, the
Soviet Union collapsed and Poland was re-established as an independent country.
Chorzele 1831: Congress Poland Map (Kingdom of Poland)
The town, located in the Kingdom of Poland is on the border, across from Prussia. Here is a link to the larger map:
The Jewish Community of Chorzele
In 1792, there were a small number (19) of Jews that lived in Chorzele. In 1897, the Jewish population had increased to 1,549 people.
In 1905, the number of Jews grew to 2,301, which represented 57% of the town's total population.
(www. sztetl.org; www.jewshgen.org)
The Jewish community built a large synagogue and established cheder schools and a yeshiva. Also, the community acquired land for a cemetery. Jews in the town were craftsman, shopkeepers, farmers, laborers, and owners of small manufacturing plants. Because of Chorzele's border
location, some Jews were involved in the exporting and importing of goods. In the 1900's, a Zion Association , a cooperative bank and Jewish library were established.
Between WWI and WWII, 150 Jews from Chorzele emigrated to Palestine. During the German occupation (1939-1945) the remaining Jews, were sent to Jewish ghettos and then to concentration camps.
Sources and Links to More Information
Virtual Shtetl. Chorzele, Poland. Museum of the History of Polish Jews.
Slownik Geograficzny Towns and Villages Description of Chorzele, County of Przasnysz
Translation of page 634, Vol. 1, 1880 .Polish Genealogical Society of America
Urząd Miasta i Gminy Chorzele. This is the website for the City and Municipality of Chorzele. The website is in Polish.
International Jewish Cemetery Project. The website has information on the history of Chorzele