also known as: Zápszony (HU), Zapsoň (CZ), Zapson (RU)
48°23'59" N / 22°57'2" E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Zápszony
in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Zapsoň
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Zapson
and, since 1991, known as Zapson', in the Berehivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Zapson' are Zastavnoye,Sapson and Zapsoni.
Zapson' is located about eleven miles west-northwest of Berehove (Beregszász).
Jews probably settled in Zapson' in the late 18th century.
The earliest Jewish settlers were the GOLDBERGER and the SPIEGEL families, who were traders and had stores. They owned the biggest plantations and wineries.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 75 and by 1910, the Jewish population was 82.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 97. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population decreased to 73.
With the Hungarian occupation of Zapson' in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Zapson' were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 62 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Zapson' were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Zapson' were murdered in Auschwitz and most survivors settled elsewhere. In the 1970's and 1980's, two GOLDBERGER families and one SPIEGEL family lived here.
In 2001, Zapson' had about 1,799 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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