||Alternate spellings: Raczki [Pol], Rotzk [Yid], Rachki [Rus], Rackos [Lith], Rotchky, Ratzk|
RACZKI - Northeast Poland -12 mi NW Augustow, 10 mi SW Suwalki - 53°59' N, 22°47' E. (Raczki is both a town and administrative district (Gminy Raczki). 2001 Polska Organizacja Turystyczna
The Jewish History of Raczki
The Suwalki survivors of the holocaust have collectively written two Memorial Books for Suwalki city and surrounding shtetls including Raczki. Hundreds of such books are online and in various stages of translation by the Jewishgen Yizkor Book Project. These are very poignant stories related to the birth, life, and fate of the Jewish communities in Europe.
The 1961 Suwalk Yizkor Book [Yisker Bukh Suvalk, 826 pages, Yiddish] edited by Berl Kagan in New York is currently in translation to English with many small chapters already completed.
The 1989 Suwalki Yizkor Book [Sefer kehilat Suvalk u-benotehah, 439 pages Hebrew, 57 pages English, dozens of memorials with photos and large necrology index] edited by Yehuda Alroi and Yosef Chrust and published in Tel Aviv. The English chapers are already indexed and the published version is online at the NYC Public Library.
Both books have excellent Tables of Content and indexes to names and places.
Raczki Historic Timeline
The Last Two Raczki Ship Arrivals
We have added over 800 records for Raczki emigrants over a period of about 100 years. The last two of these ship arrivals is the 1947 passage of Aron and Lisa (Nussbaum) Derman (b1926 Raczki) who arrived in New York on a little boat after surviving the horrors of the Holocaust. Their story appears on the US Holocaust Memorial Museum Website. Lisa's sister Pola and mother did not escape.
New Raczki Data
Raczki has no known vital records (civil records: births, marriages, deaths) or census data for the 19th and early 20th century. However, there are many ship arrivals and related immigration documents that specify Raczki as the last residence or birth place. The shiplist data give the important birth year and last know name usage. They can also link families who traveled together and in later years they add key data such as occupations (abt 1840), ethnicity/nationality (abt 1850), and by 1900 full destination names and addresses.
19th Century Raczki Documents
Two original taxpayer lists give the names of male Jewish taxpayers in the town of Raczki and surrounding villages at two fixed years in the 19th century. While not a census this give the names of Jewish familes who paid taxes or were likely eligible for military service.
Click here for both lists: 1826 and 1863
These lists include the head of household and working male adult children as well as occupations. The 1826 list had 49 individuals with patrynomic names which link fathers and sons. By 1863 surnames were frequently used and these help identify close male family members but not necessarily the relationships. The general rule for surnames was one unique surname for each family in the same area. The 1863 List for Raczki has 243 residing in Raczki and 23 from nearby small towns. There are 8 alphabetic sublists that may be streets or close neighborhoods. We have no detailed maps of Raczki but one 1886 reference states that Raczki had 16 streets.
The most numerous occupation is the Polish word handlarz which can mean merchant, dealer, peddler or huckster. The 2nd and 3rd largest occupations are tailor and shoemaker. Most other occupations are basic trades. The top 12 occupations by frequency are:
Raczki - Jewishgen Communities DataBase on Jewishgen.comPolish Genealogy Society of America
The Desruction of Ratsk (Suwalki Yearbook, 1961 ed).
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Updated on May 31,2019
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