Historical Time Line
JewishGen Kehilalinks

Izyaslav, Ukraine

Изяслав, Yкраοна

Yiddish name - Zaslov

4th Century BCE – Archaeological evidence shows Jewish life in the Greek colonies in the Crimea.
737 CE – The Arabs defeat the Khazars in the Caucasus, which leads to influx of Jews in the Crimea and Dnieper region.
1156 – Karaites of Kiev are mentioned for the first time.
1240 – Jews banished from Kiev but are later re-invited, after they go to Halych-Volynia.
1367 – The Polish King expands the rights of Jews in his kingdom, which includes Volynia but 19 years later another Polish King cancels these rights.
1388 – Rights extended to Jews in Lithuania
1495 – The Grand Duchy of Lithuania expels Jews from Kiev and Lutsk but their rights are reaffirmed in 1503.
1529 – Jewish rights are maintained with notable exceptions, including the ability to testify at trial, poossess Christian slaves, proselytize, utilize Christian women as nurses, wear gold or silver on their clothing. Men had to wear yellow hats (think of the yellow star of David the Nazis required Jews to wear).
1530s-1550s – Jewish communities founded in Vinnitsia, Bar and Bratzlav, Ukraine.
1576 – A blood libel and pogrom provoked by Jesuits, occurs in Lviv.
1620s-1630s – Pogroms are carried out in the Dnieper region in 1621, 1630, 1637, and 1638.
1648-1654 - Chmielnicki Massacres occur. Many thousands of Jews are killed and expelled from Ukraine.
1654 – Ukraine and Moscow reunited. Cossack-Muscovite forces occupy cities in Ukraine and almost totally exterminate the Jewish population.
1664 – A pogrom is carried out in Lviv. About 100 Jews were killed in 200 wounded.
1667 – Jews in Poland are allowed to reestablish their communities and those baptized by force are allowed to return to Judaism; their economic and civil rights are reaffirmed by kings until the mid-1730’s.
1721 – Russian Emperor Peter I orders the expulsion of all Jews from the Ukraine as does Empress Elizabeth Petrovna in 1742.
1734-1768 – The Haidamack Uprising results in pillaging and murder of many Jews.
1740 – Medzhibizh becomes the center of Hasidism founded by Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, known as Baal Shem Tov or Besht.
1764 – Russian Empress Catherine II allows Jews to temporarily come to the Ukraine and found Jewish agricultural settlements in Novorossia.
1770s-1790s – Poland is partitioned and parts of Ukraine, Podolia and Volhynia are annexed by Russia.
1794 – Catherine II allows Jews to settle in several regions in the Ukraine. Double taxation of Jewish subjects is introduced.
1804 – Russian Emperor Alexander I establishes the Pale of Settlement, which includes 8 Ukrainian provinces. Some Jewish merchants entrepreneurs, artists and craftspeople are allowed to visit temporarily outside the Pale with special passports.
1817 – Alexander I forbids anyone from blaming Jews for ritual murder without evidence. Jews are allowed to study in schools and institutions of higher education within the Pale.
1821 – A pogrom occurs in Odessa where local Greeks blame Jews for the death of the Orthodox patriarch in Istanbul.
1844 – Jewish kahals (communities) are abolished and Jews pass under the control of local authorities.
1846 – A reform synagogue opens in Lviv.
1860s – Odessa becomes the center of the Jewish press for Russian, Hebrew and Yiddish texts.
1867 – Jews are emancipated in Austria after a new constitution is introduced in 1849.
1881-84 – Pogroms take place in more than 150 Ukrainian cities and towns.
1882 – Following initiation of laws prohibiting Jews from settling in rural areas, mass Jewish emigration from the Russian Empire begins.
1897 – Census records 1,870,000 Jews living in the Ukraine or 9% of population of Ukraine.
1890s-1900s – Political activity grows among Jewry in the Ukraine and Austrian Galicia and various Jewish political movements appear.
1905-07 – The first Russian revolution breaks out, unleasing about 600 pogroms, mostly in the Ukraine. Jews begin to organize politically.
1911-13 – The Beilis blood libel occurs in Kyiv
1914 – WWI begins. Hundreds of thousands of Jews escape westward. Pogroms occur in Lviv.
1915 – The Russian army is defeated in Galicia and Poland and Jews are forced to move eastward.
1917 – After the February Revolution, the Russian Provisional Government abolishes the Pale of Settlement and all anti-Jewish legislation. Jewish parties are legitimized and a position representing them established in the government.
November 7, 1917. After the Bolshevik takeover, the Ukrainian People’s Republic is established in Kiev. Complete equality of rights, including democratic and social rights, is declared.
1918-1920 –After Ukraine declares independence, the Russian Civil War breaks out, and approximately 1500 pogroms take place all over Ukraine resulting in considerable Jewish casualties: 75,000-200,000 dead, 200,000 wounded and thousands raped.
1920-1930s – Jews in Soviet Ukraine go through a process of accelerated Sovietization: village councils and Jewish national districts are established, including 3 in Ukraine and 2 in Crimea. Education is in Yiddish. However, anti-religious activity breaks out, including closing of religious institutions and mock tribunals of the Judaic faith. Mass emigration from the former Settlement of the Pale leads to a decrease in the Jewish population in the Ukraine from 1,750,000 in 1926 to 1,532,000 in 1939.
1921 – Eastern Galicia and western Volhynia become part of Poland. Approximate 530,000 Jews gain complete equal civil rights.
June 22, 1941 – Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union. Ukraine is divided into several administrative districts.
July 25, 1941 – Pogroms in Lviv.
September 29-30, 1941 – More than 33,000 Jews are exterminated in the Kiev suburb of Babi-Yar; and more than 150,000 Jews are killed there during the war.
1941-44 – During the German Occupation, approximately 1.4 million Ukrainian Jews are exterminated by the Germans and local collaborators.
1944-46 – Jews return to their homelands in Poland and Romania.
September  7, 1945 – A pogrom takes place in Kiev.
1959 – 840,000 Jews in Ukraine, or 2% of the population.
1970 – Census – 777,000 Jews, 1.6% of the population of Ukraine.
1979 – Census – 634,000 Jews, 1.3% of the population 0f Ukraine
1989 – About 150,000 Jews emigrate from Ukraine, most of them to Israel, Germany and the US.
1991-6 – Ukraine gains independence. The constitution guarantees full rights to the Jews.

Summarized from Encyclopedia of the Jewish Diaspora, 2009


If you have any questions regarding this site, or have some information or suggestions, please contact Barry Sieger. Or if you have any original vital records from Izyaslav in Russian - birth, death or marriage certificates - please let me know or send me an example of each, so we can post some of them as examples on this web site. We would like to include family trees of Izyaslav descendants, photos and stories from visits there, or tips regarding searching for related genealogical information.

This page is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If it has been useful to you, or if you are moved by the effort to preserve the memory of our lost communities, your JewishGen-erosity would be deeply appreciated.

Compiled & Designed by Barry Sieger

Updated April 24, 2013

Copyright © 2013 Barry Sieger


Number who have visited this site since April 16, 2013


back to top