KehilaLinks/JewishGen

Trashkun (Troškūnai) • Old Jewish Cemetery

Lithuania

Old Jewish Cemetery

Trashkun's Jewish cemetery, known as the Old Jewish Cemetery, is located in Smėlynė, a small village on the outskirts of Troškūnai. The cemetery is about 3 kilometers (1.8 miles) southeast of Troškūnai on Road no. 1215 (see map).

Old jewish Cemetery

Old Jewish Cemetery in 2012
(full view)
  (map)

The inactive cemetery is not land-marked. Access is open to all with no caretaker. The isolated, urban hillside has no gate. Current [size] is one acre. The limestone tombstones date from 19th century. 20-100 gravestones are in original location with 75% of surviving stones toppled or broken. . . . Inscriptions are in Yiddish. The present owner of the cemetery property is unknown. The cemetery property is now derelict. Properties adjacent to the cemetery are residential. The cemetery is visited rarely. The cemetery is not known to have been vandalized. No care, maintenance, or structures. Weather erosion is serious threat. The vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access and damaging stones.

International Jewish Cemetery Project,
based on a visit to the cemetery in 1991

VIDEO  Old Jewish Cemetery in 1989 [1:04] [NOTE]The first video (1989) shows a monument built during the Soviet era. Its inscription was in Lithuanian and made no mention of Jews. By 1993 this monument had been replaced by a new one with a more appropriate inscription in Yiddish, as seen in the second video.

VIDEO  Old Jewish Cemetery in 1993 [1:10]

Gravestones at the Old Jewish Cemetery

Photos by Don Ugent, 2001-02. Captions represent my best effort to read gravestone inscriptions. Where information is missing, the inscription is unclear. Click photos for larger view. (See notes below.) —S.K.

Mirel Pesha Berk Chatz (?) Mirel Nechama (1878) M. Israel
MIREL PESHA [Berk]
Mother
Daughter of Gilel
CHATZ (?) MIREL
Mother
Daughter of Dovid
(Hebrew year) 5611
[1850-51]
NECHAMA
Beloved Mother
Daughter of Eliezer Glezer
Erev Shavuos [5 Sivan] 5638
[6 June 1878]
ISRAEL
Beloved Rabbi
Elul 5642
[September 1882]
Yakov and Mariashe Kushner Chaim Tzvi Tzvi Tzipke (?)
YAKOV [Yankel Kushner]
Beloved
Son of Avraham Kushner
Tevet 5689
[Dec./Jan. 1929]
MARIASHE [Kushner]
Mother
Daughter of Eliezer
Elul 5690
[Aug./Sept. 1930]
CHAIM TZVI
Beloved Father
Son of Asher Shmidt
16 Elul 5685
[5 September 1925]
TZVI
Beloved Father
Son of Nochum ha-Levi
9 Elul 5620
[27 August 1860]
TZIPKE (?)
Daughter of Baruch
Cheshvan 5623
[Oct./Nov. 1862]
Sholom [Charne] Chana Leah [Charne] Rivke Eliash (?) Shraga Menach [Fayvish Itzikovich]
SHOLOM SHIMON [Charne]
Beloved Father
Son of Aharon z"l
Shvat 5687
[January 1927]
CHANA LEAH [Charne]
Beloved
Daughter of Asher
4 Sivan 5690
[31 May 1930]
RIVKE (?)

ELIASH (?) [Beyner]
Beloved Father
Son of Lipman
1 Tevet 5665
[9 December 1904]
SHRAGA MENACH
[Fayvish Itzikovich]
Reb, Son of Aharon
10 Sivan 5682
[6 June 1922]
(top of stone broken off) Feyge Leah Sore Rivke Karpov (no name) date: Adar Alef mother
(top of stone broken off)
Erev Sukkot [14 Tishri] 5694
[4 October 1933]
FEYGE LEAH
Beloved Mother
Daughter of Moshe Azriel
27 Kislev 5686
[14 December 1925]
SORE RIVKE
Mother
Daughter of Reb Karpov
20 Tevet 5689
[2 January 1929]
Adar Alef, 5680's
[Feb/Mar. 1920's]
Beloved Mother
(Hebrew year) 5590's
[1830's]
Sore (?) Rivke Rachel 1910 Rachel woman
SORE (?) RIVKE
Daughter of (?)
11 Tishri 5662
[24 September 1901]
RACHEL
Mother
Daughter of Shimon (?)
(Hebrew year) 5670
[1910]

RACHEL
Beloved Mother
Daughter of (?)
Pesach (4th day?)
Daughter of Lyov
Tevet 5630
[December 1869]
M. Yakov Tishri 1884 son of Yehuda Batsheva Feyge Asher Menachem
YAKOV
Rabbi, Beloved Father
Son of Aharon
4 Elul 5647
[24 August 1887]
Tishri 5645
[Sept./Oct. 1884]
Son of Yehuda
5692
[1932]
BATSHEVA FEYGE
Daughter of Yakov
26 Adar 5623
[17 March 1863]
ASHER MENACHEM
Reb
Son of Zevach
Kislev (year not visible)
Eliezer Yakov Yehuda Itzik Uzent/Yuzent mother Gitel
ELIEZER
Reb
Son of Achtriel z"l
13 Sivan 5637
[25 May 1877]
YAKOV YEHUDA
Son of Moshe
2 Tevet (?) 5623
[24 December (?) 1862]
YITZHAK [Yuzint]
Beloved Father, Reb
Son of Moshe Yuzint
Adar 5662
[February 1902]
Beloved Mother
(Hebrew year) ~5600's
[1800's]
GITEL
Daughter of
Yeshiahu Rafael z"l
First day of Pesach
(15 Nisan) 5620
[7 April 1860]
Itzik Israel Moshe Rafael Chana monument memorial stone
ISRAEL ITZIK MOSHE RAFAEL
Beloved Father, Reb
Son of Tzvi Dov z"l
Kislev 5681
[Nov./Dec. 1920]
CHANA MASS GRAVE
INSCRIPTION
MEMORIAL STONE
INSCRIPTION

NOTES:

z"l = of blessed memory

convert Hebrew dates

how to read Hebrew tombstones

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Mass Grave · The Old Jewish Cemetery in 1941

Mass Grave

VIDEO  Mass grave at the Old Jewish Cemetery

In the summer of 1941, after the German army invaded Lithuania but before they took control of the government, Lithuanian collaborators captured a group of young Jewish men and ordered them to dig a pit at the edge of the Old Jewish Cemetery. This pit became a mass grave for the Jews who dug it and for others who were murdered in Trashkun by Lithuanians in the first wave of anti-Semitic violence at the outbreak of World War II. These murders took place in July, before the mass killings in August which were organized by the Germans. Among those buried in this mass grave are Chaim and Perl Shumacher, Feyga and possibly Binyomin Krasovsky, Ruvke and Hirshke Itzikovich, Chaimke and Noske and Tevke Klatchko, two Shmidt brothers, and Mina Pekl, according to Itzhak Konkurovich's testimony, Berl Glezer's memoir, and Miriam Krakinowski's video account. After the war, memorials were placed in the cemetery to remember the Jews who were killed and buried here in 1941.

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