December 2013 Version 1
Smilovitsky, Leonid. “A Belorussian Border Shtetl in the 1920s and 1930s: The Case of Turov.” Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe Summer, 1 (50) 2003: Pages 109-137.
These notes relate to the border town of Turov, unless otherwise.
Jewish occupations were mostly in trade, crafts, merchants. Few were farmers, but most families raised domesticated animals for food and clothing. Called “supplementary economies”.
In 1926, Belorussian farmers refused to allow Jews to pasture their animals, demanding Jews pay 10-15 rubles per cow per summer. Jews' livestock sent to the woods across the Pripyat river to be fed.
Jewish occupations in the 1920s
Occupations for Jews (throughout country) divided in 1930s into: