|Yet meet we
shall, and part, and meet again,
Where dead men meet on lips of living men.
-- Samuel Butler
The Jewish settlement near this royal court dates back to the 16th century. The de non tolerandis judaeis privilege had limited the settlement until the Partition of Poland. The 1921 census recorded a population of 1235 Jews (35% of the population). The town had two brick synagogues, a private prayer house and a mikva. The oldest wooden synagogue was destroyed in the town fire in 1915. The last rabbi of Knyszyn was Rabbi Miszkinski.
Links to Jewish Knyszyn
"Knishin -- Knyszyn, NW of
Bialystok. Birthplace of Rabbi Moshe Landinski, born 1863.
At 22 he married the daughter of Israel Neiman in Knishin. Their
sons moved to Vekshna in Lithuania, Gateshead in England, and New York.
Their two daughters moved to Troki in Lithuania and to Liverpool.
Subscribers listed from Knyszyn
are as follows: "#7679.
fathers of the Rabbi Natan, Shlomo Benyan, Moshe Devri, Eliezer Dameshek,
Mafik Margoliot, Zvi Karni, Lev Rahashi, Zvi Tiferet, Shaul Tiferet".
(Names transliterated from Hebrew
to English by Jackie Ziff).
"...A number of young people from Grodno who had gone to Bialystok left that ghetto for the forest, in August, 1943, and operated in the Knyszyn and Jasionowka areas under the name, "White Furs," mainly taking revenge on local peasants who had collaborated with the Germans. The group finally managed to join a Soviet partisan unit, and fought with it up to the liberation."
Photo (two-page spread) entitled, "On Purim, a band of Jewish musicians in Knyszyn, Poland, dressed in military uniforms performed to raise money for charity."
According to Ms Weiner, Knyszyn
death records are available in the Urzad Stanu Cywilnego (local town halls
in Poland generally holding documents less than 100 years old) for 1882-4;
1891-3; 1895; 1897-1898; 1900-1; 1906-9; 1911; 1914 and marriage records
for 1889; 1894; 1897; 1899-1900; 1905; 1907-9; 1913-14; 1931-2; 1937.
"November 13, 1942: A total of 1,500 Jews fall victim to the last Aktion against the Jewish community of Kniszyn, district of Bialystok, Poland. Some of them are murdered on the spot, others are deported to the Treblinka extermination camp."
Copyright © 1999, Jackie Ziff