Hołynka - village and folwark
(a manor farm that existed since the 12th-14th century for the mass
production of grain destined for disposal, using the work of peasants
District was Augustów and Hołynka municipality record-keeping was within
parish Teolin, Poland. The village lies on the way from Lipsk, Poland to
Sopoćkiń, Belarus about 62 versts
(a Russian measure about 1070 meters or .6 US miles),
or 104 miles,
from Suwalki and about 47 versts, or 78 miles, from Augustów.
In 1827 there were 57 houses and 367 inhabitants, and in 1893 there were
72 houses and 898 inhabitants. There was a Uniate Christian parish
founded in 1714.
The entire municipality of Hołynka had 4,280 inhabitants, the extent of
historical unit of area used in agriculture
that a man could plow or mow with one horse per working day - about 1.4
There was a municipal court for district III and a post station
settlement in Sopoćkinie about 8 versts. There were also two
mills, a windmill, 2 smolarnias
(a plant where wood waste is processed and tar, turpentine, and wood
alcohol is extracted),
3 distilleries, brickworks, sawmill and folusz
(building in which a medieval machine is used in the manufacture fulling of cloth),
and two primary schools.
Dictionary - Kingdom of Poland
Hołynka municipality consisted
of the villages of: Andzin, Bartniki, Bojary, Bubcin, Dolinczany,
Dorgun, Ginowicze, Hołynka village and farm, Kopczany, Komisarowo,
Kulikowszczyzna, Kułakowszczyzna, Lichosielce, Lipszczany village and
farm, Markowce, Perstuń village and farm, Prolejki village and farm,
Puciatowszczyzna, Racicze, Rakowice, Zofijewo, Słomkowszczyzna,
Straż-Wygoda, Witkowszczyzna, and Wnukowszczyzna.
Assets of Hołynka consist of
farm Hołynka, Rubcowo, awuls
or land without peasants)
forest, and villages: Hołynka, Bortniki, Kopczany, Bubcin and
Rubcowo. Area is morgs 3346; farmlands Rubcowo and gardens morgs 171, 71
morgs of meadows, pastures morgs 12, 1084 morgs of forests, wastelands
and squares morgs 10, together morgs 1348, wooden buildings 5, Hołynka
farm, with arable lands awuls Bubcin and gardens morgs 859, 616
meadows, pastures morgs 23, 241 morgs of forest, wastelands and squares
morgs 52, together morgs 1792, 11 brick buildings, timber buildings 19,
4-field crop rotation; attencya borek forest, more forest of morgs 200,
wastelands and squares morgs 2; inn settlements 206 morgs.
Also a distillery,
a sawmill, fullery, water mill, layers of peat, limestone and iron ore.
Village Hołynka contained 66 settlements and 41 ground morgs; village Bartniki
39 settlements and 875
ground morgs; village Bubcin had 3 settlements and 4 ground morgs;
village Rubcowo had 8 settlements and 6 ground morgs.