also known as: Mezővári (HU), Vári (CZ), Vari (RU)
48°03' N / 23°29' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Mezővári
in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Vári
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Vari and, since 1991, known as Vari,
in the Berehivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Vari are Mező-Vári, Vary and Vajri.
Vari is located about ten miles south-southeast of Berehove (Beregszász).
Jews probably settled in Vari in the first half of the 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 173.
With the Hungarian occupation of Vari in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Vari were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Vari were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Vari were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Vari had about 3,147 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
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