also known as: Fenyvesvölgy (HU), Stavná (CZ), Stavnoye (RU)
49°00' N / 22°41' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Fenyvesvölgy
in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Stavná
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Stavnoye
and, since 1991, known as Stavne, in the Velykobereznianskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Stavne are Stavné, Fenyves, Sztavna, Stawne and Sztavnoje.
Stavne is located about 44 miles north-northeast of Uzhhorod (Ungvár) and twelve miles northeast
of Velikiy Berëznyy (Nagyberezna), near the borders with Poland and Slovakia.
Jews probably settled in Stavne in the first half of the 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 66.
With the Hungarian occupation of Stavne in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Stavne were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Stavne were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Stavne were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Stavne had about 1,623 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
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