Polonnoye is located in Khmelnyts'ka Oblast
(formerly Kamenets-Podolski Guberniya).
Alternate town names include:
Nearby shtetls are Poninka,
Novalabun, Baranovka, Lyubar,
Sudilkov, Shepetivka, Rogachev, Kamennyy Brod,
Chudnov, and Starokonstantinov.
Famous Jews from Polonnoye
included the poet Peretz
Markish (1895-1952) and
a number of prominent rabbis.
Many descendants of Jews from Polonnoye continue to
research this shtetl and live in the United States,
Israel, Canada, Russia, Argentina, Australia, New
Zealand, and Spain.
included the Independent Poloner Kranken Unt.
Verein, Poloner Independent Aid Society, Inc., and
the Poloner Relief Society. Cemeteries, photos, and
records from these expatriate groups survive.
There are genealogical resources
and historical references
including two yizkor memorial books that document
the Jewish history of Polonnoye. The pre-Holocaust
Jewish population was approximately 5,500. Nearly
all were murdered by the Germans during World War
II. As of 1999, approximately 100 Jews lived in the
Records show that Jews settled in the area as early
as the 14th century and that 10,000 people,
including Jews and Poles, were killed during the
Chmielnicki massacres in 1648.
Perhaps the best and most
personal historical accounts are from individuals
who have provided personal
memoirs and memorabilia about their ancestors.
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