[ Malyy Bychkiv is part of the city limits of Velyikyiy Bychkiv (Nagybocsko) today. ]
also known as: Kisbocsko (HU), Malá Bočkov (CZ), Maly Bychkov (RU), Kline Bitshkiv (Yid)
47° 58'9'' N / 24° 0'18'' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Kisbocsko
in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Malá Bočkov
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Maly Bychkov
and, since 1991, known as Malyy Bychkiv, in the Rakhivsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Malyy Bychkiv was known as Kline Bitshkiv.
Other spellings/names for Malyy Bychkiv are Kis-Bocskó and Mali Bockov.
Today, Malyy Bychkiv is within the city limits of Velyikyiy Bychkiv (Nagybocskó).
Jews probably settled in Malyy Bychkiv in the late 18th century.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, a number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, while others were involved in the trades and commerce.
With the Hungarian occupation of Malyy Bychkiv in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Malyy Bychkiv were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Malyy Bychkiv were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Malyy Bychkiv were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Malyy Bychkiv had about 1,100 (est.) inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest
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