Rabbis of Lackenbach
(Main source: "Kehila Kedosha Lackenbach", Rabbi Adonyahu
Kraus, Jerusalem 1963)
The Lackenbach community always had
one synagogue and one Rabbi. The first Rabbi mentioned in
documents is R' Chajim Bucher,
in about 1600, but nothing is known about him. For many years
the Lackenbach Rabbis were famous not only in the region
but also in Hungary, Poland and Germany. This attracted to
Lackenbach Yeshiva students from all over Europe. Here is the
list of the Rabbis:
A"Sh (Rabbi Meir Ben Yitzhak
Eisenstadt, "Panim Meiroth") born 1670 died 27 (7?) Jun 1744.
became the Rabbi of Eisenstadt and the Seven
Communities, before Lackenbach had its own community
Rabbi. He had 6 sons and 2
[acrostically] "great teacher Rabbi Meyer",
and A"Sh means the town Eizenshtat in Hungary.
of this town was customarily written with the abbreviation
2. Rabbi Meir Ben Shimon
Ulmo-Ginsburg was the first recognised
Rabbi of Lackenbach, at the time of
HaMaharam Asch till 1742.
Benjamin ASCH, the 6th son of MaHaRaM A"SH. Came
to Lackenbach in 1742 (תק"ב Taf Kof Beit) from Ungarisch Brod;
was also Rabbi
More information about him, in:
Bernhard Wachstein, Die Grabinschriften des alten
Juden-friedhofes in Eisenstadt, Wien: Holzhausen 1922, pp.
Chapter about The Children of Rabbi
Meir Ben Isaac Eisenstadt, also known as MaHaRaM A"Sh or Panim
"The sixth child of Meir b. Isaac was
Benjamin [OR 3666]. As Rabbi of Lackenbach in Hungary, he signed
the approbation for Meorei A"Sh on
Cheshvan 526 [6 November 1765, a Wednesday!]. In the same
work, p. 88c, Kallir mentions an explanation of a Talmud
passage in his name.
term in Lackenbach, we find him among the leaders of the
community in Ungarisch-Brod between 1728 and 1747" [*].
One of Benjamin's sons was Salomon;
Frankl-Gruen, Geschichte der Juden in Ungarisch-Brod,
4. Salomon, son
of Rabbi Benjamin, grandson of MaHaRaM A"Sh. He
was a learned man but - judging from the titles he is given
[80/4] - not a Rabbi [**].
to "Otzar haRabbanim", he
became Rabbi in Lackenbach
in 1770 [OR 18740]
5. Rabbi Shlomo Zalman son
of Eliezer Lifshitz:
Came from Poland, coincidently visited
Lackenbach when Rabbi Benjamin died, agreed to become the
town Rabbi, served for about 20 years, from about 1789 to 1809.
Many students came from all over Hungary and Poland to learn
from him at the Lackenbach Yeshiva.
<<<[C8] Rabbi Zalman
Lifshitz Gravestone, Lackenbach Cemetery
6. Rabbi Shalom Ullmann ("Rabi Shalom
Charif"), son of Isar (Israel) Ullman from Fiorda:
Born 16 Adar תקט"ו
Taf Kof Tet Vav, 27 Feb 1755 in Furth. He served as the
Rabbi of Anschbach, the Rabbi of Schtampfen and the Rabbi of
He came to Lackenbachin the Hebrew year 1809, Taf Kof Samech Tet
Served as Lackenbach Rabbi for 25 years.
Wrote the book "Divrei Rash".
in 16 Adar Taf Kof Pei Hei, 6 March 1825- תקפ"ה, on his 70th
His wife, Rachil, was the daughter of Rabbi Rephael Hagital,
Chief Rabbi of Swiss, died 4 years later.
They had 2 sons: Rabbi Avraham and Rabbi Schlomo Zalman.
<<<[C9] Rabbi Shalom Ullman Gravestone, Lackenbach
7. Rabbi Avraham Ullman,
son of Rabbi Shalom Ullman:
Born 1791. In 1810
already was a Rabbi in Tapeltshan.
Served as Lackenbach Rabbi for 21 years, from 1825 to 1846;
died 56 years old.
Was married to Yetl (see gravestone C6), daughter of Ya'akov
Had 4 sons – David, Shalom, Mordechai and Rafael.
Remarried to Rachel, after his first wife Yetl died in 1835.
Died on 12 August 1849 כד אב תר"ט.
Rabbi Avraham Ullmann Gravestone, Lackenbach Cemetery
David Ullmann, son of Rabbi Avraham Ullmann:
Was married to Julie (Yetl) WIENER (see gravestone C7).
Lackenbach Rabbi from 1846 for 55 years (!) till he passed
away , 13 Jan 1901, 78 years old.
He was one of
Europe's greatest Rabbis.
Rabbi David Ullmann Gravestone, Lackenbach Cemetery
Copyright © 2010 Sandor
Rabbi David Ullmann Death registration,
Lakompak,14 Jan 1901
Copyright © 2009 Yohanan Loeffler
9. Rabbi Yehuda Hacohen
B. 10 Dec 1858, son of Yekutiel. Served as the Rabbi of
Lackenbach from 1902
. Was married to Etl, daughter of Adonyahu Schmeltzer, and
second marriage to her sister Leah. His son Adonyahu Kraus
wrote the book about Lackenbach. His other sons were Rabbi
Moshe A'haron Kraus, Rabbi of Banya: Rabbi Nafthaly
Kraus; Rabbi Yekutiel Kraus; His daughters were Bracha
Weinberger; Freidl Sofer;
He retired in 1935, his son-in-law succeeded him. He left his
community to live in Jerusalem, in Meah Shearim, as a simple
Jew [*]. He passed away in 23 Jan 1938, one month before the
takeover of Austria by the German Nazis. He was one of the
only European Rabbis that had left Europe to Israel peacefully before
the Holocaust .
[*]Yohanan Loeffler: Rabbi Kraus's example
(leaving Europe to Palestine) probably saved my father and his
sisters from the Nazis: my grandfather Yohan Loffler sent
after Rabbi Kraus to Jerusalem both his daughters Rozsi (in
1935) and Gitta (in 1937) and in the last moment, his son, my
father, Joseph Loeffler in 1938.
(C13) Rabbi KRAUS (middle front, sitting) and
Rabbi UNGER (right back) 1935 - in Lackenbach train station,
departing to Palestine.
© Hugo Gold, Gedenkbuch
der untergegangenen Judengemeinden des Burgenland
With the kind help of Liane Winkler
See titles of some of Rabbi Krausz's work: "Divrei Emeth",
"Divrei Shalom", "More Derech".
"Divrei Emeth" (1910)
| "Divrei Shalom"
| "More Derech"
Dedication by rabbi Krausz in "Divrei Emeth" to his late
Ethel, daughter of Sarah, daughter of Rabbi Adonyahu
(C14) Rabbi Krausz (middle) and Rabbi Ungar (left), April 1935,
Ettl Ungar is the girl, with her father and grandfather, Rabbi
Krausz (Identified by Eli Ginsburg, May 2011)
10. Rabbi Meir Chaim
Ungar (Unger), (1905, Zeilim - 1958,
Jerusalem), son of Ya'akov Ungar (son of Yechiel Michael Ungar
from Zeilem) and Beila. Chaia, served as the last Rabbi of
Lackenbach between 1935 and 1938. He was Rabbi's Kraus son in
law (was married to Rabbi Kraus's daughter, Sara).
He survived the Holocaust, in 1938 he
received a certificate to go to Palestine, and served later as
a Rabbi in Jerusalem. He died young, 52 years old.
The Rabbinate Nomination of Rabbi Ungar as the Rabbi of Lackenbach, 1935,
by the Lackenbach Jewish Head of Community (אקרו"ט - אלופי קהל
46 Community members signed:
The Society for the Preservation of Hebrew Books:
Chaim Kraus, Zvi Sega"l, L. Lobl, Avraham Feiglstock,
Greensfeld, Asher Hacker, Binyamin Lobl, Yissachar Dov,
Ya'akov Sega"l, Leib Ullmann, Schultz, Oisterlitz, Yochanan
Loeffler, Moshe Leib Lobl, Yakuthiel Baruch, Avigdor Blum,
Ya'akov Leib Lobl, David Ketingstein, Ber Kohn, ...Wieselmann,
Yosef Lobl, Chaim Zvi Kopstein, Shimon Band, Mordechai Kraus,
Avraham Dov Bergmann, Wolf Max, Shraga Wiener, Avraham...,
Asher Blum, Yermyah Yitzhak Gewirtz, Meir Kamlasch, David...,
Avraham Chaim Hacker, Gavriel Ullmann, W' Kamlasch, Ari'
Tertes, Akiva Sussmann, Berl Weiss, Chaim Zvi Kornfein,
Shlomo Y. Ginsberg, Yitzhak Leitner, Peretz Kohn, Itsek Kohn,
Avraham Watrasch, Moshe Kohn, Meir Stossl.
Rabbi Ungar's book "Maor Hachaim",
published by his son in law, Rabbi Nathan Gestatner, Jerusalem
as a memory of Rabbi Ungar's brother, Rabbi Yehuda Leib Ungar
from Pitsburg and his wife Rivka.
See in: http://hebrewbooks.org/20836
The Society for the Preservation of Hebrew Books:
* * *
photo archive 1902, celebrating the arrival of the new
Lackenbach Rabbi. See in:
Book R' Hertzl Roffe from 1821 - see sample pages.
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