The KAUDERS family was one of the earliest Jewish families in Körmend, as well as one of the wealthiest.
The earliest KAUDERS family member in the town was probably Veit KAUDERS, born around 1740, probably in Bohemia, who came to Körmend around 1760 and died there around 1810.  The names Veit (and variants Feit and Vitus) and KAUDERS were much more common in Bohemia than in Hungary, with the KAUDERS name occurring in Prague since at least the 17th century.  In the 18th century, many young Jewish men moved from Bohemia and Moravia to Hungary.  According to a law issued in 1726 by Charles III and designed to limit the growth of the Jewish population in those provinces of the Monarchy, only the first-born Jewish son was allowed to marry locally.  Bohemian Jews were mostly German-speaking and they tried to move to areas where Jews were similarly German-speaking.  This may have been the reason Veit KAUDERS moved to Körmend.
     Veit's children were Markus (Meyer, ca. 1765-1828), Jacob (1767-1860), and Abraham (1771-1864). 
     Abraham KAUDERS was a merchant.  His wife, Julia HOHENZOLLNER (1782-1854) was the daughter of Marcus (Meyer) HOHENZOLLNER, also a merchant.  One family story claims that an ancestor of Julia's had been an out-of-wedlock descendant of the German royal family HOHENZOLLERN, though this is probably merely an example of Jews trying to claim noble ancestry, if only through wedlock.
     A portrait of Julia painted in 1840 shows her wearing a black cap under a traditional silk-flowers-ornamented tulle and lace cap.  Such headdresses were fashionable among Jewish women of the period.  The cap was worn to cover a shaved head, as highly religious Jewish women cut off their hair when they got married.  Some women wore a wig, others a cap.  A portrait of Abraham painted the same year depicts a wiry little man.  His niece, Netty KAUDERS recalled in 1870 "a strictly observant Jew who never burdened himself with any sin, [and who] raised his offspring according to the traditions of his ancestors, and who kept him mindful of observing the Holy Laws that he valued above everything."
     Abraham and Julia had seven children including David (1805, Körmend - 1877, Györszighet), Philip (1811, Körmend-1888, Vienna), Regina (1832, Körmend - 1892, Sumeg), Rosie (ca. 1819, Körmend - ?), Miksa aka Max (1821, Körmend - 1888, Vienna) and Netty (not to be confused with his niece, above).  Abraham must have been quite energetic and healthy, because even at the age of 81 he decided to make the very time-consuming train trip to Pest in order to attend Miksa's wedding!
     Abraham's granddaughter Katarina KAUDERS (1818-1912) married Edward BARUCH (1812-1886).  A highly religious family, they moved to Györ, where they ran a store selling ribbons, laces, embroidery and sewing accessories.  Katarina was described as "an exceptional business woman who worked with tireless energy and enthusiasm".  She and her husband had 8 children, one of whom was Therese/Riza BARUCH (1851-1938), who married a cousin, Bernhard BERGER (1838-1926).  They lived in Moson.  Riza is the subject of a book entitled "A Taste of the Past: The Daily Life and Cooking of a 19th-Century Hungarian Jewish Homemaker" written by her great grandson, András KOERNER.  It is a loving tribute, both to Therese (fondly termed Riza néni by her family), and the Hungarian Jewish culture that was nearly destroyed by the Holocaust.  The book, full of reminisces and authentic recipes (slightly adapted for modern tastes and utensils) is a captivating insight into the every day life shared by anyone with Hungarian Jewish ancestry.
     Here is a link to "A Taste of the Past" on amazon.com: 

     A family tree for Dr. Anton KAUDERS, the son of Jacob KAUDERS, and Johanna (Hanni) WOLF can be found here.

Dr. Ben-Zion KAUDERS:
     A native of Körmend, Dr. KAUDERS (1907-1974) graduated from the Law Faculty of Budapest University.  In 1943, he was the director of the legal department of the National Hungarian Jewish Aid Action (Hungarian acronym OMZSA), providing aid to Hungarian Jews who fell afoul of anti-Jewish legislation.
     Leaving Budapest on the "Kasztner Train", Dr. KAUDERS was interned in Bergen-Belsen.  Notably, Dr. KAUDERS preserved a hand-written page of prayers from the Kol Nidre service held in Bergen-Belsen in 1944.  The page is currently in the Ghetto Fighters' House Archive in Israel. 

     Reaching Switzerland and from there Mandate Palestine in the late summer of 1945, Dr. KAUDERS settled in Haifa and joined the Haganah.
  In Israel, Dr. KAUDERS served in a number of public positions and became active with the B'nai Brith and the association of Hungarian immigrants.
     Ben-Zion KAUDERS died in January, 1974 in a car accident near Hadera.  A street in Haifa is named for him.

Ben Zion Kauders


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