also known as: Hukliva (HU), Huklivy (CZ), Guklivyy (RU)
48°42' N / 23°14' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Hukliva
in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Huklivy
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Guklivyy
and, since 1991, known as Huklyvyy, in the Volovetskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Huklyvyy are Zúgó, Huklivá, Huklivé, Gukliva, Huklivoje and Huklivij.
Huklyvyy is located about 29 miles NE of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Jews probably settled in Huklyvyy in the first half of the 18th century.
A single-family of six Jews was present after 1746.
After the Jews abandoned the town, the Jewish settlement was only renewed in the late 19th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 142.
By 1930, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 1,042
Then by 1941, the Jewish population dropped to 994 (of a total population of 3,965).
A number of Jews farmed and a few were administrative officials. The Zionists and Agudat Israel were mainly active among the young.
With the Hungarian occupation of Huklyvyy in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Huklyvyy were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Huklyvyy were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Huklyvyy were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Huklyvyy had about 2,109 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 534
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