also known as: Galambos (HU), Holubinné (CZ), Golubinoye (RU)
48°34' N / 22°58' E
~ Introduction ~
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Holubyne was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Galambos in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Holubinné in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Golubinoye and, since 1991, known as Holubyne, in the Svalyavaski (Svalyavs'kyy) rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Holubyne are Holubinoje, Golubina and Holubina.
Holubyne is located about 14 miles NW of Mukacheve (Munkács) and 2 miles NE Svalyava (Szolyva).
The Jewish settlement at Holubyne probably was established in the mid-17th century.
One Jewish family lived in Holubyne in 1768 and by 1830, the Jewish population was 30.
The Jewish population rose to 121 (of the total 775) in 1880, and then in 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, rose to 186.
By 1941, the Jewish population rose to 209.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were nine tradesmen, six artisans, a few farmers and a flour mill operator.
The Hungarians arrived in March 1939 and in 1941, drafted a number of young Jews into forced labor battalions, sending many to the Eastern front where most perished.
In August, 1941, a few families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Holubyne were deported to Auschwitz in mid-May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Holubyne were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Holubyne had about 2,781 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001), p. 523
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA Lo Tishkach Foundation
The Center of Jewish Education in Ukraine
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Holubyne Jewish families: