Gargzdai (Gorzd), Lithuania

Notes concerning the Railroad between Memel and Laugallen

The Bahnhofwirtschaft postcard shows an inn next to the rail line in Laugallen, and shows a train behind the inn. This page contains notes concerning the rail line, known as the Memeler Kleinbahn ("small railroad" or "narrow gauge railroad" of Memel). The routes of the Memeler Kleinbahn are shown in black below.

Grosser Atlas der Eisenbahnen (1910)
[Large Railroad Atlas]

"Provinz Ost-Preussen"

The railroad line from Tilsit to Memel was completed in 1875, and from Memel to Bajohren in 1892. The narrow-gauge railroad between Memel and Laugallen, Plicken and Pöszeiten was completed in 1906. See articles about Klaipeda and Memeler Kleinbahn at Wikipedia (in German).

A railroad ticket for the Memeler Kleinbahn appears in Alexandras Kubilas, Curonian Spit in Old Postcards, Vilnius: Lietuvos kolekcininku asociacija (1999), ISBN 9986-9223-1-3, p. 112. The ticket lists the stops on the route from Memel and Laugallen: Memel, Luisenhof, Bachmann, Barschken, Clemmenhof, Clausmühlen, Jacken, Miszeiken, Szilluppen, Matzwöhlen, Gaiten - Schugsta-Stenzel - Dawillen, Grambowischken, Laugallen.

These towns with railroad stops and stations are shown highlighted on the 1929 Karte des Deutschen Reiches below:

The abbreviation "Bhf." at Dawillen and Laugallen stands for Bahnhof (train station). The abbreviation "Hp." shown at the remaining stops along the rail line stands for Haltepunkt (stopping point, or small rail station).

Führer durch Memel und Umgegend (Guide through Memel and Surroundings, 1913), states: "Into the neighboring country - to Russian Krottingen, Garsden, Polangen. To whoever wants to visit our eastern neighbor, Russia, in order to learn about the border life of the characteristic border small towns, Memel offers three different possibilities." The guide describes a Grenzkarte (border ticket), offered at the Police Information Office, Neuer Park 6. After describing the rail trip to visit Kretinga, the Guide states: "A similar type [of small town] is small Garsden, which lies on the picturesque right bank of the Minge and is even more convenient to reach by the Memel-Dawillen-Laugallen Kleinbahn." See Ch. XXI.

For further information, see

  • Photo of Kleinbahnhof Memel
  • Memel Map showing Kleinbahnhof
  • at Encyclopedia of Russian Narrow Gauge Railways.

  • 1:25,000 map of Laugallen (1939) (site of University of Greifswald). This highly detailed map shows the train station at Laugallen and the Haltepunkt at Grambowischken.
    Gargzdai main page
    Bahnhofswirtschaft postcard

    Copyright © 2002 - 2013 John S. Jaffer