Gargzdai (Gorzd), Lithuania
Karte des Deutschen Reiches (1921 - 1929)
Einheitsblatt Nr. 1
Memel - Heydekrug
Scale in Meters (1000m = .62 miles)
Scale = 1:100,000
| This map series has symbols showing churches, synagogues, and
cemeteries, which are identified here by colored arrows.
For further information about the Synagogue, see Aerial
Photo of Marketplace and Destroyed Synagogue and Note-
Buildings of the Religious Community.
About seventy tombstones or fragments remain in the Jewish
Cemetery. The map legend explains the symbol as Friedhof für
Nichtchristen = cemetery for non-Christians.
The Evangelical Church burned down in the 1939 fire which
destroyed much of Gargzdai, and was not rebuilt.
Rebuilding of the Catholic Church was completed in 1998.
Descriptive words and symbols on map:
Gut = estate
Bhf. = Bahnhof = Train
Kord. = (?) Kordon
= line of military posts (Heath's German Dictionary, 1906)
Vw. = Vorwerk =
Z.-A. = Zoll-Amt = customs
Zgl. = Ziegelei = brickyard
|| Explanation on Map Legend
|| Church with one steeple
|| Mixed forest (needle and leaf)
|| Meadow and pasture with shrubs
|| Narrow-gauge railroad
Map at Larger Magnification
Map Alterations After 1929
By 1936, some examples of this map series Karte des Deutschen Reiches
had switched to Lithuanian spellings for the town names on the Lithuanian
side of the old border. The Polish spelling "Gorżdy" became the Lithuanian
"Garg˛dai." The later maps also used a more prominent style of dotted line
for the old border, even when lands on both sides belonged to Lithuania.
There were no other apparent changes to this portion of the map.
Curiously, even as late as June, 1941 (the month of the German invasion of
the Soviet Union), this map series failed to note two important changes on
the ground: (a) the direct route across the border bypassing the "dogleg" to
Laugallen, and (b) the direct route from the town center to the bridge over
the Minija River.
Karte des Deutschen Reiches - June, 1941
A similar obsolete depiction of the roads within Gargzdai is shown in the
Army Topographic, 1944 at mapywig:
Copyright © 2002 - 2019 John S. Jaffer