Debrecen Religious


~ Religious Life ~

In the early 20th century, the community was divided into Orthodox and Status Quo congregations. The first synagogue was constructed in 1852 and the magnificent Great Synagogue, designed by Jacob GARTNER, was completed in 1897 (destroyed by fire in 1948). Three other synagogues were constructed in the early 1920s.

The first Jewish school was opened in 1886 and, by 1900, enrollment reached 615 students. A girls' school, founded in 1906, was attended by 200-250 students. A Jewish high school was established in the 1920s when public schools were closed to Jews, and 500 students had graduated through 1944. Many high school teachers promoted Zionism, whose influence spread between the World Wars.

Sholom SCHIFFMAN served as shochet in Debrecen.

By 1941, Debrecen had several synagogues, mikvahs, a Jewish community center and religious schools.



~ Debrecen Synagogues Yesterday ~



Grand synagogue I
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary
(constructed 1895-97 and destroyed by fire in 1948)





Grand synagogue II
Postcard: photographer unknown

Grand synagogue III
Postcard: photographer unknown



Grand synagogue IV
Postcard: photographer unknown

Grand synagogue V
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary



Grand synagogue VI
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary

Grand synagogue VII
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary



Grand synagogue VIII
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary

Grand synagogue IX
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary



Grand synagogue X
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary

Grand synagogue XI
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary



Grand synagogue XII
Postcard: photographer unknown
(after the fire of 1948)

Torah from Debrecen
Courtesy: Yad Vashem Archive



Orthodox synagogue on Pasti utca I
Courtesy: Yad Vashem Archive
(constructed 1913)

Orthodox synagogue on Pasti utca II
Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary



Orthodox synagogue on Kapolnas utca
Courtesy: Yad Vashem Archive
(constructed 1909)

Orthodox synagogue
Postcard Courtesy: Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary



Jewish Community Center
Courtesy: Yad Vashem Archive

Jewish Hospital
Courtesy: Yad Vashem Archive

If you can identify the person above, contact:
Eugene KATZ.





~ Debrecen Synagogues Today ~



Neolog temple
Photo: Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania





Orthodox synagogue
Photo: Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania

Jewish Community Center
Photo: Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



~ Debrecen Rabbis ~



Rabbi Tsvi Slomo Hacohen STRASSER
Courtesy: Yad Vashem Archive
(immigrated to Israel after the Holocaust and died in 1952)

Rabbi Chaim Michael Dov WEISSMANDL
Photo: Copyright ©2010 WIKIPEDIA
(b. Debrecen 1903 - a.k.a Rabbi Michael Ber WEISSMANDL - known for his efforts to save the Jews of Slovakia from extermination)



Rabbi Binyamin Zeev KRAUSZ
Courtesy: Ari TESLER, Belgium
(rabbi of the Status-quo community; studied in Bratislava under Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Binyamin SCHREIBER, the Ksav Sofer)



~ Debrecen Cemetery ~

Debrecen's Jewish community used the cemetery on Monostorpalyi utca as the final resting place for their loved ones. The cemetery has several thousand tombstones, some of which images and translations appear below.




~ General Map of Debrecen c. 1941 ~
Map: Copyright ©2010 by Marshall J. KATZ




~ Satellite view of the cemetery ~

If you have Google Earth installed on your computer, once the program starts, click the "Fly to" tab and copy and paste the coordinates below into the space provided. Then click the search button to "fly there."

Cemetery:
47°30'46.23"N 47°38'18.28"E

Orthodox Synagogue:

47°31'43.59"N 47°37'16.54"E

Neolog Synagogue:

47°31'50.81"N 47°37'15.44"E


If you don't have Google Earth installed on your computer, click the Google Earth image below to see a screen capture of a satellite view of Stare Davydkovo that has an annotation for the cemetery.
(Click the image below to view a larger image.)


Image: Copyright © Google Earth.





~ Cemetery Views ~

(Click the images below to view a larger image.)

Approaching the cemetery I
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Approaching the cemetery II
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



Approaching the cemetery III
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Approaching the cemetery IV
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



Prayer room and burial society building I
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania





Prayer room and burial society building II
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Prayer room and burial society building III
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



Prayer room and burial society building IV
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Burial directory
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



Cemetery view I
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Cemetery view II
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



Cemetery view III
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Cemetery view IV
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



Cemetery view V
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Cemetery view VI
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



Cemetery view VII
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Cemetery view VIII
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



Cemetery view IX
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania

Cemetery view X
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



~ The Rabbis of Debrecen ~

(Click the images below to view a larger image.)

[ d. = died ]



Ohel (mausoleum)
Copyright ©2010 Zsolt KISS, Romania





Rabbi Shmuel SCHLESINGER
d. 26 Tevet 5697
(9 January 1937)

Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania

Rabbi Binyamin Zev KRAUSE
d. 26 Sh'vat 5681
(4 February 1921)

Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania



~ Family Holocaust Memorials ~

(Click the images below to view a larger image.)



Holocaust Memorial
Copyright ©2010 Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania

Etel GROSZ, Jozsef KUPFERSTEIN, Etel HÖNIG and Emlékére GYÖRGY


~ Tombstones ~

The Debrecen cemetery has over 5,000 tombstones, some of which are shown below.

(Click the images below to view a larger image.
Optionally, you can use the arrows at the top of the pop-up window to navigate through the images.)

[ [ d. = died, notes and comments follow the images. ]



Debrecen-stone-000
Sándorné RÓTH (Lina WEISZ bat Moshe Shlomo Z"L)
b. 1857
d. 22 Adar I 5687
(24 February 1927)

Sándorné RÓTH (Lina WEISZ bat Moshe Shlomo Z"L)
b. 1857
d. 22 Adar I 5687
(24 February 1927)
Debrecen-stone-001
Arthur LOFKOFITS
d. 27 Sivan 5695
(28 June 1935)

Margit (née LATZKO)
d. 5691/92
(1931)

Arthur LOFKOFITS
d. 27 Sivan 5695
(28 June 1935)

Margit (née LATZKO)
d. 5691/92
(1931)
Debrecen-stone-002
Jakab KUPFERSTEIN
d. 5709/10
(1949)

Berta (née GROSZ)
d. 5687/88
(1927)

Jakab KUPFERSTEIN
d. 5709/10
(1949)

Berta (née GROSZ)
d. 5687/88
(1927)
Debrecen-stone-003
Mrs. Márton WEISZ (Dr.)
d. 5747/48
(1987)

Mrs. Márton WEISZ (Dr.)
d. 5747/48
(1987)
Debrecen-stone-004
Maria (née ZICHERMAN) KATZ
d. 23 Tevet 5660
(25 December 1899)

Maria (née ZICHERMAN) KATZ
d. 23 Tevet 5660
(25 December 1899)
Debrecen-stone-005
Emil FRIED
d. unknown
(unknown)

Emil FRIED
d. unknown
(unknown)
Debrecen-stone-006
Yisroel Moshe ben Zev KROKKER Z"L
20 Av 5657
(18 August 1897)

Faiga Rivka bat Yitzchak ZILBERSTEIN
12 Elul 5660
(6 September 1900)

Yisroel Moshe ben Zev KROKKER Z"L
20 Av 5657
(18 August 1897)

Faiga Rivka bat Yitzchak ZILBERSTEIN
12 Elul 5660
(6 September 1900)
Debrecen-stone-007
Armin REICHMANN
d. 5668/69
(1908)

Iren (née POLLACSEK)
d. 5696/97
(1936)

Armin REICHMANN
d. 5668/69
(1908)

Iren (née POLLACSEK)
d. 5696/97
(1936)
Debrecen-stone-008
Rivka bat Mánha Zvi LEBOVITSNÉ
d. unknown
(unknown)

Rivka bat Mánha Zvi LEBOVITSNÉ
d. unknown
(unknown)
Debrecen-stone-009
Beni KUPFERSTEIN
d. 24 Av 5677
(12 August 1917)

Beni KUPFERSTEIN
d. 24 Av 5677
(12 August 1917)
Debrecen-stone-010
Adolf WEINER
d. 20 Av 5688
(6 August 1928)

Fanny (née GEIGER)
d. 16 Sivan 1934
(30 May 1934)

Adolf WEINER
d. 20 Av 5688
(6 August 1928)

Fanny (née GEIGER)
d. 16 Sivan 1934
(30 May 1934)
Debrecen-stone-011
Ernö KATZ
d. 5736/37
(1976)

Ernö KATZ
d. 5736/37
(1976)
Debrecen-stone-012
Etelka ROSENFELD
d. 5694/95
(1934)

Etelka ROSENFELD
d. 5694/95
(1934)
Debrecen-stone-013
Mözes LICHTSCHEIN
d. 5678/79
(1918)

Johanna (née FRIED)
d. 5692/93
(1932)

Mözes LICHTSCHEIN
d. 5678/79
(1918)

Johanna (née FRIED)
d. 5692/93
(1932)
Debrecen-stone-014
Carolina (née STERN) ARTSTEIN
d. 1 Tevet 5682
(1 January 1922)

Carolina (née STERN) ARTSTEIN
d. 1 Tevet 5682
(1 January 1922)
Debrecen-stone-015
Peter HARTSTEIN
d. 5 Kislev 5673
(15 November 1912)

Peter HARTSTEIN
d. 5 Kislev 5673
(15 November 1912)
Debrecen-stone-016
Samuel KUPFERSTEIN
d. 5683/84
(1923)

Samuel KUPFERSTEIN
d. 5683/84
(1923)
Debrecen-stone-017
Ignacz FISCH
d. 15 Nissan 5674
(11 April 1914)

Róza (née ROSENFELD)
d. 5703/04
(1943)

Ignacz FISCH
d. 15 Nissan 5674
(11 April 1914)

Róza (née ROSENFELD)
d. 5703/04
(1943)
Debrecen-stone-018
Herman KLEIN
d. 5669/70
(2010)

Róza (née SCHÕNER)
d. 5766/67
(2006)

Herman KLEIN
d. 5669/70
(2010)

Róza (née SCHÕNER)
d. 5766/67
(2006)
Debrecen-stone-019
Iszer KUPFERSTEIN
illegible
(illegible)

Iszer KUPFERSTEIN
illegible
(illegible)
Debrecen-stone-020
Jeno HITESI
11 Elul 5713
(22 August 1953)

Fanny HITESI (née BRAUN)
11 Sivan 5731
(4 June 1971)

[ 1 ]

Jeno HITESI
11 Elul 5713
(22 August 1953)

Fanny HITESI (née BRAUN)
11 Sivan 5731
(4 June 1971)

[ 1 ]
Debrecen-stone-021
Lajos HITESI
d. 5674/75
(1914)

Lajos HITESI
d. 5674/75
(1914)
Debrecen-stone-022
Janka (née GRÜNER) HITESSY
6 Tishrei 5649
(11 September 1888)

Janka (née GRÜNER) HITESSY
6 Tishrei 5649
(11 September 1888)
Debrecen-stone-022
Linka (née WEISZ) KLEIN (DR.)
5675/76
(1915)

Linka (née WEISZ) KLEIN (DR.)
5675/76
(1915)


Notes and Comments

[ 1 ] - This grave is in Sydney, Australia, but Jeno HITESI was from Debrecen.


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Created by:
Marshall J. KATZ, USA
Compiled by:
Eugene KATZ, USA
with assistance from:
Bela and Eszter KISS, Romania
Zsolt KISS, Romania
Ferenc KOLESZAR, Hungary
Wikipedia
Yad Vashem Archives
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following:
JewishGen members/descendants and
contributors of Debrecen Jewish families:


George HENNESSY, Australia
Eugene KATZ, USA
Dr. Ágnes (née SZEGÕ) ORBÁN, Hungary
Ari TESLER, Belgium
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France


Updated: 25 August 2020

Copyright ©2010
Eugene KATZ
All rights reserved


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