Shavl - שאַװל
55°56' N, 23°19' E
Other names: Shavl, Shavli, Schaulen, Szawle, Šauļi, Schavli, Shaulyai, Shawli, Shiaulai, Silaliai, Šiaulių
This website collects information about the Jewish community of Šiauliai, Lithuania, known as Shavl in Yiddish. The community numbered almost 10,000 out of about 17,000 in 1902. At this period, it was already the 3rd most populous city in Lithuania, lying at a major road and railway junction. It was known for its leather industry, and was home to the biggest leather factory in the Russian Empire (owned by Chaim Freinkl). In 1915 the entire Jewish community was expelled by order of the Tsar, but many returned again when allowed to do so in the early 20's. The community was decimated during the Shoah: of 8,000 Jews still living in Shavl in 1941, only 500 survived. Only a handful of Jews remain there today.
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Click on the image to view an 1882 map of Russia's Baltic Provinces.
Information about the different districts, countries the shtetl / town belonged at different periods in its history may be found the information here.
JewishGen Family Finder
U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
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Compiled by Assaf