Pavoloch was at the "center of the Pavoloch volost, Skvira Uyezd, Kiev Guberniya. It is 61 MILES or 101 km. from Kiev." Sarah Faerman,Toronto
In 1893--Yehuda Leib Zingerman, born 1863, was appointed Rabbi. His father was Rabbi in Lukashivka, Kiev province. 1897--The census reported 3,391 Jews in the the population here. (Shtetl Finder)
"Those Pavolochers who were Bar Mitzvahed, married, or died in the years after 1893 likely had the ceremony officiated by Rabbi Zingerman. I do not know how long he served." (Richard Spector, February 14, 2001)
Pavoloch is first known to have existed at the beginning of the 17th century. In 1736 the Haidamacks carried out a pogrom in Pavoloch, massacring 35 Jews and engaging in plunder. Records of 1765 show 1,041 Jews as paying the poll tax in Pavoloch and its vicinity. Jews numbered 2,113 in 1847, and in 1897 the number rose to 3,391 42% of the population.(EJ) In 1910 the population was 15,454 including 3,686 Jews. (Richard Spector from a Slownik Geographiczny Article about Pavoloch.) During the Civil War (of 1917-1919) the shtetl declined and most of its inhabitants left. Jewish residents numbered 1,837 (88.2% of the population) in 1926. The Jews who remained in Pavoloch during the Nazi occupation in World War II were exterminated. There is no information on Jews living in Pavoloch after World War II. (EJ) No Jews live there today.
In winter, the many lakes in the Pavoloch area would freeze over and form a three-foot-thick layer of ice. They remained frozen all through the winter. Horses and wagons would travel on the frozen lake. The snow was sometimes piled neck deep. It was an area of red clay soil in the Ukraine's open rolling countryside. It was difficult to build roads on that soil. The complete lack of stone and gravel in the area compounded the problem. Spring and fall rains could turn the earth into a glutinous mud, sometimes knee deep, that sucked the boots off men and easily disabled trucks. (Bob Rubinstein)
|Aaron and Malka Stein
with their grandchildren
Joseph Yerusalinsky and
Anita Rosenberg c. 1907
|Samovar from Pavoloch
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EDRD-Every Day Remembrance Day: A Chronicle of Jewish Martyrdom, by Simon Wiesenthal, Henry Holt, New York, 1986.
GYLA-A Guide to YIVO's Landsmanshaftm Archiveby Rosaline Schwartz and Susan Milamed, YIVO Jewish Institute for Jewish Research, 1986.
LDL-Latter Day Leaders, Sages and Scholars by Emanual Rosenstein and Neil Rosenstein, Elizabeth, N.J., Computer Center for Jewish Genealogy, 1983.
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The Jewish Fund of Ukraine (JFU) aims to strengthen the Jewish community in Ukraine through programming in the fields of Jewish education,culture, social welfare, community development publications of Jewish books and international networking.
Babyn Yar (Babi Yar) - Within a few days of capturing Ukrainian cities like Lutsk, Zhitomir (about 30 miles NE of Pavoloch) and Berdichev in the summer of 1941, over 33,000 Jews were killed in this natural ravine formed during the Ice Age and near an old Jewish cemetery.
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