Bukovyna - Буковина (Ukrainian), Bucovina (Romanian, Catalan, Italian, Portuguese), Ţara de Sus (older Romanian), Boekowina (Dutch), Buchenland (older German), Bucovine (French), Bukovina (Czech, Finnish, Hungarian, Latvian, Maltese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish), Bukovina - Буковина (Russian), Bukoviina (Estonian), Bukowina (German, Polish)
"in 1880 there were only 11 villages in Bukovina where Jews were not registered as residents."
From "Becoming Habsburg, The Jews of Austrian Bukovina 1774-1918." by David Recter
Bukovina was formerly an independent crown land in the Austro Hungarian empire. At 4,030 square miles, it was a bit smaller than Connecticut. Bukovina’s name is derived from the Ukrainian word for 'Beech tree,' a plant distinct in the landscape of the region.
It is first mentioned in 1388 as part of the Principality of Moldavia. In the sixteenth century it came under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire. Bukovina was occupied by the Austrian Empire in 1774, and in 1787 was incorporated into "The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria."
From 1781 through 1849 "Kreis (circle) Czernowitz," (named for the capital city of Czernowitz) was part of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. After 1849 Bukovina became a separate part of the Austrian Hungarian Empire as as Kronland "crown land" and was declared the Herzogtum Bukowina, a nominal duchy. In 1860 it once again became part of Galicia, but in 1861 it again reverted to the status of a separate province until 1918.
There was a large and thriving Jewish population in Bukovina and Jews were heavily represented in the crafts, the learned professions and in government. Jews lived in many towns in Bukovina, ranging from a metropolis like Czernowitz to tiny shtetls. After World War II Bukovina ceased to exist as a political entity when it was split in two and divided between Ukraine and Romania. The northern portion became the Chernivetska Oblast of the Ukraine and the southern portion became the Suceava Judete (county) of Romania.
The goal of this web site is to help Jewish genealogists seeking their roots in this area. Links to genealogical information for specific shtetls will be listed in the Shtetls section. More general genealogical information is below.
Main Sites for information about BUKOVINA
- Bruce Reisch Jewishgen site on Bukovina
This page has the most complete information on Jewish Bukovina and should be everyone's first stop.
EHPES: Jewish Bukovina Czernovitz etc. Group:
Jewish genealogical, historical, and cultural research in the Czernowitz/Sadagora/Bukovina area. The group shares knowledge and tips regarding Jewish genealogical resources in Bukovina. They have a mailing list discussion group and blog. A great resource for Jewish Bukovina. They are very helpful.
- The Research Project on Galician and Bukovinian Jewry.
In the 2012-2013 academic year, the Project for Research Work on the Jews of Galicia and Bukovina was established within the context of the University of Haifa’s Herzl Institute for Research and Study of Zionism and History. The project is being conducted with the collaboration of the non-profit organization Jewish Galicia and Bukovina (JGB). Jewish Galicia and Bukovina (JGB)
Other Bukovina Information
- Edgar Hauster Blog Czernowitz primarily but good overview of available Bukovina links.
- Jewish Bukovina and Transylvania Blog on Tumblr.
- Chernivtsi Museum of Bukovinian Jewish History and Culture
- The World Organization of Bukovinian Jews: A very extensive website, primarily in Hebrew
- Bukovina in the Jewish Web Index
- Leo Baeck Institute: online guide to the Jewish archives of southern Bukovina and southern Transylvania
- The Bukovina Society of the Americas
- Bukovina Wiki
- Independent Crown Land (1849-1914) from Gold's History of the Jews in Bukovina
- The Jews in Bukovina (1914-1919) from Gold's History of the Jews in Bukovina
- Bukovina pictures, gymnasium graduation lists, small businesses, government officials by Peter Elbau.
- Bukovina Jews World Union
- Bukovina Society of the Americas: Includes short history and genealogical resources
- Journal of the Bukovina Benevolent Society, Anniversary Journals, 1947, 1951, 1956.
- British Foreign Office 1919 report on Bukovina.
- Czernowitz BMD Index Database free searchable online index of all known births, marriages and deaths in the Jewish community of Czernowitz between 1850 and 1942.
- List of Towns with Yiskor Book Translations
- Resources for armchair genealogist Jerome Silverbush
- Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania ( FEDROM)
- Romanian Jewish Heritage: Romanian Jewish Heritage RJH sponsors are: B'nai B'rith International and the Federation of Jewish Communities of Romania