||Alternate spellings: Raczki [Pol], Rotzk [Yid], Rachki [Rus], Rackos [Lith], Rotchky, Ratzk|
RACZKI - Northeast Poland -12 mi NW Augustow, 10 mi SW Suwalki - 53°59' N, 22°47' E. (Raczki is both a town and administrative district (Gminy Raczki). 2001 Polska Organizacja Turystyczna
Raczki Historic Timeline
19th Century Raczki Document Surfaces
News of an 1863 Jewish Taxpayer List for Raczki with 263 names surfaced at the 2013 IAJGS conference in Boston. This list includes the name, occupation, and town for each Raczki taxpayer. There are 263 people listed (probably all adult men - possibly one is a woman). There are 243 residing in Raczki and the remaining 23 from nearby small towns (many near Augustow). While this document is lacking in details it is one of only a very few documents with a comprehensive list of Jewish residents in Raczki at one point in time in the 19th century.
This document consists of 8 alphabetic sub-lists that could represent each street. In 1886 Raczki had 16 streets. The 23 people outside Raczki appear at the end of the list in town order which is another indication the list is based on location.
Many individuals with identical surnames are listed together possibly indicating they are living in the same house. In many cases they also have the same occupation. The most numerous occupation is the Polish word handlarz which can mean merchant, dealer, peddler or huckster. The 2nd and 3rd largest occupations are tailor and shoemaker. Most other occupations are basic trades. The top 12 occupations by count (and percent of the total population) are:
The list was discovered by Alex Friedlander at the Suwalk Archives during a 2012 research trip to Poland. The document was on microfilm made at the Vilnus Archive of the Suwalk Gubernia Jewish Community.
Many years earlier Alex had also found an earlier 1824 taxpayer list which is also included after the 1863 list. Both lists are available by clicking here.
Suwalki Yizkor Book [English Translation in process on the Jewishgen Yiskor Book Project]. This is the earliest of two Suwalki Memorial Books and was edited by Berl Kagan and published in 1961, New York, 826 pps. There are two small sections on Ratsk plus much more covering the general Suwalki area.
Raczki - Jewishgen Communities DataBase on Jewishgen.com
Google Translate - Polish to English translate text, web pages or documents. note: this tool is not 100% accurate and was erroneously translating 'Raczki' as 'Handles'Polish Genealogy Society of America
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Last Updated on November 7, 2014
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