||Alternate spellings: Raczki [Pol], Rotzk [Yid], Rachki [Rus], Rackos [Lith], Rotchky, Ratzk|
RACZKI - Northeast Poland -12 mi NW Augustow, 10 mi SW Suwalki - 53°59' N, 22°47' E. (Raczki is both a town and administrative district (Gminy Raczki). 2001 Polska Organizacja Turystyczna
Raczki Historic Timeline
The Jewish History of Raczki
The Jews of Suwalki have collectively written two Memorial Books for Suwalki city and surrounding shtetls including Raczki. These Yizkor Books were written by numerous Jews who survived the Nazi Holocaust. Hundreds of such books are online at and in various stages of translation by the Jewishgen Yizkor Book Project. These include:
The 1961 Yizkor Book [Yisker Bukh Suvalk, 826 pages, Yiddish] edited by Berl Kagan in New York and the 1989 Suwalki Yizkor Book [Sefer kehilat Suvalk u-benotehah, 439 pages Hebrew, 57 pages English, dozens of memorials with photos and large necrology index] edited by Yehuda Alroi and Yosef Chrust and published in Tel Aviv.
19th Century Raczki Documents
Raczki is one of many Jewish shtetls where no vital records (births, marriages, deaths) have been found. However, two original taxpayer lists give the names of male Jewish taxpayers in the town of Raczki and surrounding villages at two fixed years in the 19th century. While not a census this give the names of Jewish familes who paid taxes or were likely eligible for military service.
Click here for both lists: 1826 and 1863
These lists include the head of household and working male adult children as well as occupations. These lists were found in the Suwalki archives by Alex Friedlander, a noted Suwalki area genealogist, whose family came from Suwalki Gubernia.
The 1826 list had 49 individuals with patrynomic names which link fathers and sons. By 1863 surnames were frequently used and these help identify close male family members but not necessarily the relationships. The general rule for surnames was one unique surname for each family in the same area. The 1863 List for Raczki has 243 residing in Raczki and 23 from nearby small towns. There are 8 alphabetic sublists that may be streets or close neighborhoods. We have no detailed maps of Raczki but one 1886 reference states that Raczki had 16 streets.
The most numerous occupation is the Polish word handlarz which can mean merchant, dealer, peddler or huckster. The 2nd and 3rd largest occupations are tailor and shoemaker. Most other occupations are basic trades. The top 12 occupations by frequency are:
Raczki - Jewishgen Communities DataBase on Jewishgen.com
Google Translate - Polish to English translate text, web pages or documents. note: this tool is not 100% accurate and was erroneously translating 'Raczki' as 'Handles'Polish Genealogy Society of America
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Last Updated on March 6, 2016
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