||Alternate spellings: Raczki [Pol], Rotzk [Yid], Rachki [Rus], Rackos [Lith], Rotchky, Ratzk|
RACZKI - Northeast Poland -12 mi NW Augustow, 10 mi SW Suwalki - 53°59' N, 22°47' E. (Raczki is both a town and administrative district (Gminy Raczki). 2001 Polska Organizacja Turystyczna
Raczki Historic Timeline
The Jewish History of Raczki
The Jews of Suwalki have collectively written two Memorial Books for Suwalki city and the surrounding shtetls which include Raczki. These are known as Yizkor Books written in their own words by Jews who survived the Nazi Holocaust. Hundreds of such books from the Jewish communities of Europe are now online and in various stages of translation to English by the Jewishgen Yizkor Book Project. The 1961 version edited by Berl Kagan is partially completed at Suwalki Yizkor Book. Check the contents for chapters related to Raczki (pages 347-348; 649-650) and other related vignettes from the nearby areas. Read these moving stories that tell how these shtetls developed, how the people lived, and how most were sadly destroyed.
19th Century Raczki Documents
Raczki is one of many Jewish shtetls where no vital records (births, marriages, deaths) have been found. However, we do have two original secondary types of records that give the names of Jewish taxpayers in the town of Raczki and surrounding villages. These lists only include the name of the head of household (probably all males) and occupations. The earliest of these is an 1826 taxpayer list and the second is a similar list from 1863. Both lists were found in the Suwalki archives by Alex Friedlander, a noted Suwalki area genealogist, whose own family came from Suwalki Gubernia.
The 1826 list had 49 indivduals and uses the patrynomic names which helps link fathers and sons. By 1863 surnames were frequently used and these help identify close male family members but not necessarily the relationships. The general rule for surnames was one unique surname for each family in the same area. The 1863 List for Raczki has 243 residing in Raczki and 23 from nearby small towns.
The 1863 list consists of 8 alphabetic sublists that were likely created from nearby streets or close neighborhoods. We have no detailed maps of Raczki but one 1886 reference states that Raczki had 16 streets.
The most numerous occupation is the Polish word handlarz which can mean merchant, dealer, peddler or huckster. The 2nd and 3rd largest occupations are tailor and shoemaker. Most other occupations are basic trades. The top 12 occupations by frequency are:
Both lists are available by clicking here.
Raczki - Jewishgen Communities DataBase on Jewishgen.com
Google Translate - Polish to English translate text, web pages or documents. note: this tool is not 100% accurate and was erroneously translating 'Raczki' as 'Handles'Polish Genealogy Society of America
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Last Updated on February 4, 2014
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