also known as: Maszárfalva (HU), Negrovo (CZ), Negrovo (RU)
48°22' N / 22°55' E
~ Introduction ~
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Nehrovo was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Maszárfalva in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Negrovo in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Negrovo and, since 1991, known as Nehrovo, in the Irshavsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Nehrovo are Nehrowo.
Nehrovo is located about 11 miles ESE of Mukacheve (Munkács), 7 miles WNW of Irshava (Ilosva).
Jews probably settled in Nehrovo early in the 19th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 20.
By 1880, the Jewish population was 104 (of a total population of 689).
A few Jews were farmers and one owned a flour mill.
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 168.
Then by 1941, the Jewish population increased to 272.
With the Hungarian occupation of Nehrovo in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Nehrovo were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Nehrovo were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Nehrovo were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Nehrovo had about 1,116 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 879
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