was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of
megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Brod
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Brod and, since 1991, known as Brid, in the Irshavsky (Irshavs'kyy)
rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine. Other spellings/names for Brid are Brüd, Berežskij and Brodan. Brid is located about 3 miles NNW of Irshava and 15 Miles ESE of Mukacheve.
~ Maps ~
Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine Map: Copyright ©2012 by Marshall J. KATZ
NOTE: Clicking a link will open a new page.
~ History ~
The first Jews must have settled in the village Brid around 1800 or even earlier and the Jewish population continued to grow into the mid-19th century.
In 1882, the Jewish population was 208 (of a total population of 793).
By 1921, under Czechoslavkian rule, the Jewish population rose to 383.
In 1941, the Jewish population was 441.
Jews owned most of the business establishments and workshops in the town, as well as a distillery and three flour mills, one mill owned by Beylo SHTEINBERGER.
The Hungarians arrived in March 1939 and in 1941 drafted dozens of young Jews into forced labor battalions, sending many to the Eastern front where most perished.
In late July and early August, 1941, a few families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Brid were deported to Auschwitz in mid-May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Brid were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Brid had about 2,384 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Ari TESSLER, Belgium The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001), p. 200
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
Sandor BACSKAI, Hungary
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Lubov LOMAGA, Europe
- European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative Lo Tishkach Foundation
The Center of Jewish Education in Ukraine
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Brid Jewish families:
Suri GOLDSTEIN-ADLER, Israel
Igor STEINBERGER, USA
Zalmen STRULOVIC, USA
Ari TESSLER, Belgium
Updated: 04 May 2013
Copyright ©2012 Marshall J. Katz All rights reserved.