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Berehove, Ukraine
Берегове, Yкраïна

also known as:
Beregszász [Hun], Berehovo [CZ], Beregovo [Rus]

48°13' N / 22°39' E


~ Introduction ~

( Click the arrow in the buttons below for pronunciation. )

Berehove   was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920) with the name of Beregszász   in the Bereg megye (county) and was the capital of Bereg megye prior to WWI. Next, it was part of Czechoslovakia (1920 - 1938) with the name of Berehovo   in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia). During the period 1938 - 1944, it was again part of the Kingdom of Hungary, but after WWII, it became part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Beregovo   and, since 1991, known as Berehove in the Berehove rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of the Ukraine.

Other spellings/names for Berehove are Berehowo, Beregsaz, Bergsaß, Berekhovo and Sächsisch-Bereg.

Berehove is located 16 miles S of Mukacheve (Munkács) and is 3 miles (5 km) from the border crossing point to nearby Hungary (on the Great Hungarian Plain).



~ Maps ~

Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
Map: Copyright ©2010 by Marshall J. KATZ


NOTE: Clicking a link will open a new page.

1910 Map: Bereg megye/Beregszász (Click map to enlarge it)
1910 Map (Topographical): Bereg megye/Beregszász
Austro-Hungary Military Map: Bereg megye/Beregszász (Click map to enlarge it)
Street Map: Berehove (Click map to enlarge it)

~ History ~

Berehove was mentioned for the first time as a royal town with the name of Lampertsas in a Latin text dated 1247. In 1284, it was mentioned as Beregsas, derived from the Slavonic words of berek-wood and sas-a German tribe. Later, Beregszász, as it was called, was in Hungary. Szász means Saxons.

The territory of the town has been inhabited for ages. Legend is that Lampertháza (villa Lamperth), owned by Prince Lampert, the son of King Béla I, ruled the territory after the death of the king. The settlement was devastated in 1141 by the Cumanians and Petschenegs.

In 1247, the new Saxonian settlers from the Rhine Lands gave it the name of Lampertszásza, a city and it became a Free Royal City in 1342.

The town name of Beregszász was used first in 1504.

On 17 June 1657, Beregszász was set on fire by the Polish and in 1686, it was destroyed by the Hapsburg Army.

In 1768, a Jewish settlement was established and four Jewish families were recorded and by 1830, the Jewish population grew to 200.

By 1877, the population of Beregszász was 6,929 made up of Hungarians, Rusyns, Germans and Jews which comprised Roman Catholic (1,516), Greek Catholic (824), Eastern Orthodox Catholic (7), Agnostic (25), Reformed (2,762) and Jewish (1,795 - 26% of the total).

In 1910, Beregszász was a town and the capital of Bereg County. In 1910, the inhabitants numbered 12,933; 12,432 (96,1%) Hungarian, 221 (1,7%) Ruthenians, 140 (1,0%) German and 140 (1,0%) others by mother tongue. The religious distribution in 1910 was 4,344 (33,6%) Calvinist, 3,909 (30,2%) Jewish, 2,724 (21,1%) Roman Catholic and 1,956 (15,1%) other (most of whom were Greek Catholic).

By 1921, the Jewish population grew to 4,592 and by 1941, the Jewish population was 5,865 (30% of a total 19,379 inhabitants).

In addition to trade and crafts, Jews were represented in the professions (22 doctors, 17 lawyers) and they also owned two banks, 16 factories and three flour mills. A few dozen Jewish families worked on three Jewish farms.

The Treaty of Trianon allocated it to Czechoslovakia (Sub-Carpathia) as Berehovo, but after the Decision of Vienna (1938), the city again became Beregszász, part of Hungary. A few dozen Jews emigrated to Palestine before Hungary annexed the city in fall 1938.

After WWII, the Treaty of Paris (1947) allocated the city to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) as Beregovo, based on the Soviet-Czechoslovakian Agreement. Since 1991, it has been part of the Ukraine and known as Berehove.

The city of Berehove is situated on the banks of the Verke, a small river connecting the river Borzhava with the Latorica river. The nearby mountains have its slopes planted with vineyards. The area is known for its old traditions cultivating grapes and wine production. Transcarpathian branded wines are normally bottled in the Beregovskaja wine factory. Berehove is also known for other industries such as furniture, instruments, sewing and other trades.

Today, the city is the center of the Hungarian inhabitants in Transcarpathia (46% of a total 29,110 inhabitants - 1990 census) and they have proposed becoming a Hungarian Autonomous District (referendum 01.12.1991). The city has one Russian, two Ukrainian and three Hungarian high schools; one Ukrainian and one Hungarian grammar school; one professional and one medical school. There is a professional Hungarian national theater and an amateur folk theater.

Of particular note, all of the clocks in Berehove are set to Hungarian time (1 hour behind the Ukraine) and Hungarian is the prevailing language. Also, Berehove is a border crossing point from the Ukraine to Hungary that is not as busy as the Chop (Csap) border crossing. You'll need to keep that in mind should you have the occasion to visit Berehove.

Very few Jews live in Berehove today (2010).

Notable citizens:

  • Rabbi Hugo GRYN (1930 - 1996) became well-known as a broadcaster in Great Britain.

  • The parents of Nobel Prize winning economist Milton FRIEDMAN, Jenő Saul and Sára Eszter (née LANDAU) FRIEDMAN, lived here before emigrating to the United States.

  • Julius REBEK (1944 - ) became an American chemist who was an expert on molecular self-assembly.

  • Aranka SIEGEL (1930 - ), a Holocaust survivor and writer, was the recipient of the prestigious Newbery Honor (1982) and Boston Globe-Horn Book Award (1982).

  • Dr. Bartholomew KUBAT, MD (formerly Berl KLEIN, 1917 - 2003) was a Holocaust survivor and a noted Czechoslovak surgeon, as well as a refugee from Communist Czechoslovakia.

  • Miroslav KUBAT, JD (formerly Manhart KLEIN, 1910-2001) practiced law during the First Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-38) and, from 1942 through 1945, he was an officer in the Czechoslovak Army in exile under Soviet command and took part in some of the toughest campaigns on the eastern front, including the capture of the Dukla Pass. After the war, he resumed his law practice in Prague and emigrated to the United States in 1948 and lived in New York City until his death.

  • Piroska REICHART (1884 - 1943) was a poet who studied and doctored at the Pázmány Péter University in Budapest, then she was a teacher in secondary schools. She wrote poems, novels and studies, most of them published in the famous literary journal, the "West." She committed suicide in 1943.

  • Sándor JÁK (JAKUBOVITS) was born here and was a writer (TV dramaturgist) and also wrote a Holocaust novel about Beregszász.

  • Judy CASAAB (formerly Judit KASZAB born in Vienna, 1920 - ) lived in Beregszász and after the war, moved to Australia. She is the only woman to have won the Archibald Prize twice for Stan Rapotec (1960) and for Margo Lewers (1967). She has held more than fifty solo art exhibitions in Australia as well as others in Paris and London. Her additional honors are: Commander of the Order of the British Empire in "recognition of service to the visual arts" (1969), Officer of the Order of Australia in "recognition of service to the visual arts" (1988) and she was awarded a Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) from Sydney University (1995). She also illustrated the Beregszász Yiskor Book.

  • Géza KALOCSAY (1913 - 2008) was a former Hungarian national team and Czechoslovak national team footballer and manager of teams such as Standard Liege and Górnik Zabrze, both world-wide acclaimed teams.

  • Nina Romanivna LOBOVA (1957 - ) was a former Soviet/Ukrainian handball player who competed in the 1976 Summer Olympics, winning a gold medal with the Soviet team. She played in all five matches.

  • Sir Alex Sandor ALEXANDER (formerly Korda KESZTENBAUM, 1916 - 1994) was born here and as a refugee from Czechoslovakia in the United Kingdom, built a remarkable life as an industrialist, financier and patron of the arts. He became chairman of numerous British companies, including Imperial Foods Limited and in his retirement, successfully rebuilt J. Lyons as Allied-Lyons.

  • Dr. Ernõ HARTMAN was born here and was a revered doctor who was posthumously awarded the first Pro Urbe (the Development of the City) Award. article

  • Nandor "Cunci" WEISS was born here and after the Holocaust, he returned to Berehove and became the "Keystone" of the Jewish Community. He is revered for his tireless efforts, against all odds under Soviet dictatorship, to further Jewish observance and pride.

  • Michael IOSIPOVICS was a member of the national handball team of Ukraine, and later, the handball team of Israel.

  • Dr. Amalia BRAUN was the first female Doctor in the Carpatian Region and in Beregszász. She also attended the first Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland, with Theodore HERZL.

  • Gabor FUCHS, an acclaimed concert pianist and teacher, was born here. He has frequently played for many humanitarian causes in U.S. and Europe. Among his ancestry are famous rabbis in Europe: Pinchas Chaim KLEIN of Nagyszõllõs (Vynohradiv), Josef Nehemiah KORNITZER of Krakow, Pinchas ROSENBAUM of Kisvarda and Geneva, and Moses SOPHER of Pressburg (Brataslava). He is fluent in six languages.

Sources (portions):
The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001), p. 113.
FOTW Flags Of The World
Text (portions) Copyright ©2000 by István MOLNÁR and Dov GUTTERMAN
Hungarian Bibliographical Lexicon



~ Hungarian Melody: "Beregszász" ~
Szöveg (Artist): Ottó SHÓBER
Zene (Music): Vlagyimir BALÁCZKY

Click the black arrow below to listen to the song.





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Compiled and created by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA
with assistance from
Beregvideki Museum, Berehove
Book: Berehovo, Beregszáz, Zsidósága Képekben
M.Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Leo FEIGENBAUM, USA
Genealogy Indexer
GRI HAS
hwd Media Share
Dov GUTTERMAN, Israel
Hungarian Banknote Catalogue
FOTW - Flags Of The World
Hungarian Bibliographical Lexicon
jAlbum
JW Player
Karpatinfo.net
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Magic Toolbox
Rabbi Joel MEISELS, USA
Memorial Museum of Hungarian Speaking Jewry, Israel
István MOLNÁR, Ukraine
National Library of Australia
Nevek-Klarsfeld
Dima PILIPENKO, Ukraine
Sefone Project
Mathew SHUGART, USA
You Tube
David WEINSTOCK, USA
Wikimedia Commons
Wikipedia
www.o2-Photo.com
Yad Vashem Archives
YouTube
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France

and the following
JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Berehove Jewish families:


Iris (née GOLDBERG) BASS, USA
Tova BECK-FRIEDMAN, USA
Mary BLUMENSTEIN, Australia
Reuven (Ray) BOXMAN, Israel
Eva (née BRAUN) BERKOVITS, Israel
Sydelle (née WEISS) COHEN, USA
M.Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Gabor FARKAS, Switzerland
Michael and Linda FARKAS, Netherlands
David FRIEDMAN, USA
Bracha (née BECK) GHILAI, Israel
Stephen GOLD, USA
Dr. Tamás GOLDBERGER, Hungary
Erica GOLDENBERG, USA
Fred GROSS, USA
Hugo GUTMAN, USA
[The family of] Jehoshua HALEVY, Israel
Dr. Yehuda HEIMLICH, Israel
Daniel KATZ, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Rudolf "Milu" KATZ, USA
Samuel (Sasha) KATZ, USA
Kati KISS, Israel
Jill KLEIN, USA
Michael J. KUBAT, USA
Dr. Bruce LEIMSIDOR, Italy
Yitzhak LIVNAT, Israel
Avrom Shaya MALIK, USA
Julian REINHEIMER, USA
Betty L. ROSEN, USA
Sandor SCHECHTER, USA
Roslyn SNOW, USA
Ari TESLER, Belgium
Joseph VAYS, USA
Tibor WEISS, USA


Updated: 03 September 2014

Copyright ©2010 Marshall J. Katz All rights reserved.

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