Welcome to Serpneve (Leipzig)! ברוכים הבאים צו לעיפּזיג
Bine aţi venit la Serpneve! Добро пожаловать в Лейпциг (Серпнёво)!
This site is dedicated to the loving memory
of the Jewish community of Лейпциг, Bessarabia (Ukraine).
Лейпциг, Bessarabia, now Odessa Oblast, Ukraine
Location: 46°30´N x 29°02´E
- Before 1917, Лейпциг was part of the Akkerman district of Bessarabia Gubernia, Russian Empire
- From 1917 to 1940, and from 1941-1944 it was part of Kingdom of Romania
- From 1940-1941 and from 1944, it was part of Ukraine Soviet Socialist Republic, the Soviet Union
- Since 1990, Лейпциг, now Serpneve became part of an independent Ukraine
- Leiptig, Leipzig, Leuptsig [Russian, German, Polish]
- Serpneve, Serpnevoye [Ukrainian]
- Skinos [Russian]
Maps of Ukraine, Akkerman district and Leipzig (Serpneve)
Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, Pages of Testimonies for victims born or lived in Leipzig, Bessarabia
(Click your browser's "Back" button to return)
||Map of Lepzig, 1940, written in German, includes the houses with the surnames of owners of the houses. Most of the owners were Germans, but there are a number of Jews who owned houses too: Kischlanski, Chaim Raischewitsch, Aron Turkenitsch, Boias Turkenitsch. See these names on the map.
Geography and History
The German colony Leipzig was founded in 1814 by 128 families from Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, and other regions. A few other German settlements were founded at the same time (Tarutino, Borodino, Berezino, etc.). The Germans formed a majority of the population.
History of Jews in Leipzig (Serpneve)
The Jews were not permitted to settle in Leipzig. The 1839 law prohibited Jews from settling in border regions and by "May Law" of 1882 forbade Jews to reside in rural areas. But despite that Jews settled in Lepzig most likely in the second half of the 19 century. As we see on the map of 1940, Jews owned houses in Leipzig.
On a map from 1930s it shows that the number of Jews that lived in Leipzig was between 25-50. There are also German statistics
which proof that the number of Jews in 1930 in Leipzig was exactly 50 from a total of 2522 people. Thanks for the information to Ingo Rüdiger Isert, Bessarabiendeutscher Verein e.V., Stuttgartt, Germany, http://www.bessarabien.de/
The Jewish cemetery does not exist in Leipzig (Serpneve), and most likely never existed in the village. There was a close by shteitl of Bessarabesca (Romanovka) in only 4.3 miles with a large Jewish Cemetery.
7 Jewish business exested in Leipzig in 1924-25:
|Last Name||First Name||Comments|
|macelari||butcher||Raisevich||Hersh||In business with Moisey Raisevich|
|macelari||butcher||Raisevich||Moisey||In business with Hersh Raisevich|
|mori (cu aburi)||steam mill||Soifer||Khaim||In business with B. Turkenich|
|mori (cu aburi)||steam mill||Turkenich||B.||In business with Khaim Soifer|
Leipzig (Serpneve) during the Holocaust
From 1939, the situation of the Jews deteriorated under the antisemitic rule of Goga-Cuza' Fascist Party.
In 1940 after the Soviets entered Bessarabia many Jews and non-Jews who were rich or owned property were taken by NKVD and sent to GULAG. Only a few returned back in the 1950's.
In 1941, after Soviets left, the returning Romanian forces attacked the Jews and plundered their property. That happened in many places in Bessarabia and other regions as well.
Many Jews who lived in Leipzig (Serpneve) perished in the war.
Yad Vashem has 54 names who were born or lived in Leipzig before the war and perished in Holocaust.
Memoirs and Family Stories
Records for Leipzig (Serpneve) Jews
Photo Gallery. All photos provided by Louise Wiens, 2015
|Serpneve (Leypzig) in 2015
|On the streets
Celebration of 200 anniversary of establishment of German colonies in Bessarabia.
||Residence of a village Serpneve (former German Colony of Leiptzig congratulate with 200 anniversary, and wish prosperity to the region.
Professor Nataniel Riss and Head of German Cltural Society "Bessarabian House" Svetlana Kruk
|Welcomed by village residence.
- Germans from Russia. Connection German-Russia Researchers Around the World. Bessarabia, Leipzig.
- Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova. Past from the past and archival inventories. Yivo Institute of Jewish research, www.yivo.org and The Miriam Weiner Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
- C.M.Dubnov. Newest History of Jews, In 3 volumes, Moscow, reprint, 2002
- I. Rubin (ed.), Dubossary (Heb., and Yid., 1965); Dubnow, Hist Russ, 3 (1920), 70–1. Add. Bibliography: PK.
[Yehuda Slutsky / Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.)]
- Magocsi, P. R. and Matthews, G. J. Historical atlas of East Central Europe, 1993,University of Washington Press, Seattle.
Other Leipzig, Bessarabia or district of Akkerman Links/Sources of information
I would like to thank everyone who participated in the Leipzig, Bessarabia WebSite project. Especially I want to thank Louise Wiens, Canada who shared many photographs, memoirs and stories from her family past. I also want to thank Ingo Rüdiger Isert, an Honorary National Chair of the Bessarabian German Association, Bessarabiendeutscher Verein e.V., Germany, who answered many questions and shared valuable articles, and photos with us.
Please send comments, corrections, and suggestions for additions to
Yefim Kogan at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Compiled by Yefim A. Kogan
Created March, 2017
Copyright © 2017 Yefim A Kogan
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