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Memoirs of Jewish Lyakhovichi and its surrounding communities

This section including histories of the Lyakhovichi Jewish community written as memoirs, reminisces, and local history, is part of our Biography section. Click on the "Biography" button in the left-hand column to read other articles in this section.

A Walk through My Devastated Shtetl
by Avrom Lev, 1952
translated from Yiddish by Dr. Neville Lamdan, copyright 2007

To Go to Other Pages of this Reminisce click:

My Devastated Shtetl, Part One
My Devastated Shtetl, Part Two
My Devastated Shtetl, Part Three
My Devastated Shtetl, Part Four
My Devastated Shtetl, Part Five
Surname, Nickname, and Residents by Locale Index You are Here

Dr. Lamdan created an index to this work citing the page on which each name appeared in the untranslated Yiskor book. He actually created two tables one in which the people who had surnames were listed and one for those people who were referred to only with nicknames, but we were able to combine them here.



Surname and Nickname Index
by Dr. Neville Lamdan, copyright 2007

Page of Yiskor Book

Surname(s)

Given Names

Nickname

301,302

 -

 

 Alter

 

son of Avrom Yekel “der Roife

287

 -

 

Asher

 

der Zeigermachter

300, 301

 -

 

Avrom

Yaakov, or Yankel

der Roife

289

 -

 

Avrom'l

 

der Klaymacher*

291

 -

 

Avrumele

 

der geler Parikmacher

282

 -

 

Bashe

 

Reichel's

281

 -

 

Beroche

Yitzchok

Yossel

268

 -

 

Botche

 

der Hoicher

296

 -

 

Chayim

 

Ezrielke

300/301/302

 -

 

Chotshe

 

der Roife

283

 -

 

Devoire

 

Yaakov Moishe's

301

 -

 

Dovid

Shloime

Shaike der Dayen's

297

 -

 

Feige

 

Bashe's

298

 -

 

Feigele

 

Avrom Yaakov's

275

 -

 

Frume

 

Naftolke's

287

 -

 

Gedalyo

 

der Melamed

272

 -

 

Gedalyo

 

Melamed's son

268

 -

 

Libe

 

der Geller's

268

 -

 

Lippe

 

der Geller's

286

 -

 

Manke

 

Ganef

300

 -

 

Meir

 

Leibke's

284

 -

 

Mendel

 

der Kalt-Shmid

300

 -

 

Mich'l

Aron

der Beker

284-5

 -

 

Mich'l

 

Kaile's

265

 -

 

Mich'l

 

Noah's

 

 -

 

Moishe

Mordechai

der Dardeke-Melamed

273

 -

 

Moshke

 

der Druker

277

 -

 

Mottel

 

der Blecher

307

 -

 

Nache (Nachman)

 

der Balle-Golle

306

 -

 

Noah

 

der Melamed”; or “der Mislevozher

307

 -

 

Nishe

 

der Klezmer

273

 -

 

Pesach

 

Hinde Reizel's

265

 -

 

Rive

 

di Almone

283

 -

 

Rivke

Leah

di Almone

282

 -

 

Reichel

 

di Bekerke

282

 -

 

Reizel

 

Sore's

270

 -

 

Sander

 

der Ainbinder

282

 -

 

Shaiye

 

Bere Velvel's

283/301

 -

 

Shaike

 

der Dayen

307

 -

 

Shli'ome

 

son of Nishe “der Klezmer

191-92

 -

 

Shmuler

 

der Advocat

272

 -

 

Sore

 

Kalman Yossel's

276

 -

 

Stir'l

 

der Kezeles

281

 -

 

Stir'l

 

Noah-Leibe's

268

 -

 

Yankel

 

Pelzel

282

 -

 

Yayrshel

 

Borech Meir's

300

 -

 

Yankel

 

der Shoichet

299

 -

 

Yidel

 

der Melamed

268

 -

 

Yona

 

Pelzel

289

 -

 

Yosef'l

Yisroel

der Yayetshnike's*

302

 -

 

Yossel

 

son of Chatshe “der Roife

264

 -

 

Yitzchok

Aron

der Melamed

281

 -

 

Yitzchok

Yossel

 

 

 -

 

Yoch[eved]

Zelig

Shimel's or Ittel's

280-81

 -

 

Zelig

 

Shimel's or Ittel's

261

AGUSHE'S

 

Dovid (Dode)

 

 

262

AGUSHE'S

 

Hode

 

 

262

AGUSHE'S

 

Meir'ke

 

 

261

AGUSHE'S

Dode's

Mich'l

 

 

262

AGUSHE'S

 

Temme

 

 

262

ALEZER

 

Peretz

 

 

285

ALTVARG

 

Pesach

 

 

270

AVROM

Yitzchok's

Leibel

 

 

291

BARNAK

 

Zundel

 

 

279

BASHE'S

 

Chaim

 

 

265

BAT AMI

 

Tzipporah

 

 

303

BEGUN

 

N'yome

 

 

277

BEN AMITAI

 

Levi

 

 

268,
291

BERKOVICH

 

Berl

 

 

268-69,
303

BERKOVICH

 

Malke

 

 

268

BERKOVICH

 

Shimmel

 

 

291

BINYOMINKE'S

 

Mich'l

 

 

286

BINYOMINKE'S

Berl

Mich'l

 

 

263-64

BOGIN

 

Yosef

 

 

277,
304

BREVDA

 

Alter

 

 

274,
276

BREVDA

 

Aron

Itshe

 

274

BREVDA

 

Malka

 

Mala

282

BREVDA

 

Yitzchok

 

 

303

BRIN

 

 

 

[the Artist]

292

BUCHBINDER

 

Shachne

 

 

308

BUSEL

 

Chayuta

 

 

299

BUSEL

 

Noah

Leib

 

272

BUSEL

 

Shmuel

Sheye

 

268

BUSEL

 

Yosef

 

 

268

CHAZANOVICH

 

Moshke

 

 

268

CHAZANOVICH

 

Yehoshu'o

 

 

300

CHOSID

 

Shaiye

 

 

270,
303

CHURGIN

 

Faye

 

 

271

COHEN

 

Chamme

Reizel

 

260-61

COHEN

 

Itshe

 

 

308

DAICHES

 

Lemke

 

 

282

DITKOVSKY

 

Hinde

Reizel

 

273;
287

DITKOVSKY

 

Pesach

 

Hinde Reizel's

303

FALEVSKY

 

Y.

 

 

268

FIGNER

 

Vera

 

 

272

GAVZE

 

Alter

 

 

308

GAVZE

 

Lemke

see Lemke
 Daiches

 

269

GAVZE

 

Pinye

 

 

309

GAVZE

 

Shaiyel

 

 

309

GAVZE

 

Yechiel

Asher

 

303

GELFAND

 

Masha

 

 

277

GELLIN

 

Yehudo

 

 

276/279/300/304

GOLDBERG

 

Yitzchok

Gedalyo

 

294/301

GRINSPAN

 

Avigdor

 

 

303

GRINSPAN

 

Chayim

 

 

270

HALPERN

 

Yechiel

 

 

272

KALMAN

Yosel's

Sore

 

 

286/309

KANTOROVICH

 

Aron

Leib

 

286

KANTOROVICH

 

Dine

Rive

 

263-4

KANTOROVICH

 

Leibe

 

 

260/298

KAPLAN

 

Avrom

Yaakov

 

298

KAPLAN

 

Feigele

 

 

298

KAPLAN

 

Yehoshu'o

 

 

269

KARELICH

 

Yudel

 

 

269

KARELICH

 

Tzippe

 

 

269

KARELICH

 

Zundel

 

Gedalyo's

289

KASHE

 

Motte

Shaiye

 

294

KOPPEL

 

Sander

 

 

274/303

KURCHIN

 

Raphael

 

 

277

LEMTSHICH

 

 

 

 

277

LEMTSHICH

 

Moshe

Dovid

 

303

LEV

 

A.

 

 

293

LEVIN

 

Dovid

Shloime

 

277

LEVIN

 

Nachmen

 

 

298

LIOS

 

Leibe

 

 

294

LIOS

 

Noah

 

 

291

LISS

 

Gershon

 

 

291

LITOVSKY

Family

 

 

 

291

MAIZEL

Family

 

 

 

272

MALEVITZKY

 

Yosel

 

 

265-266

MALLOV

 

M. S.

 

 

265

MALLOV

 

M.

S.

 

266

MALOVITZKY

 

Avrom

 

 

266

MALOVITZKY

 

Sora

 

 

266

MALOVITZKY

[= Mallov?]

Yosef

 

 

294

MASS

 

Hirshele

 

 

309

MAZHE

[= Mazie?]

Aare

 

 

309

MAZHE,

 

 A.

 

der Nayer Noggid

276

MILETZKY

 

Dina

 

 

275-6

MILETZKY

 

Frumke

 

Naftolke's

275

MILETZKY

 

Gedalyo

 

 

273

MILETZKY

 

Moshke

 

der Druker

294

MINTZ

 

Shimshel

 

 

261

MISHKOVSKY

 

Yisro'el

 

 

283,
294,
301

MOKDONI

 

A.

see also Koppel, Sander

 

279-280

MOLOVITZKY

[= Malovitzky]

Alter

 

Bande

280

MOLOVITZKY

 

Yankele

 

 

276

MOLSHADSKY

 

Lize

 

 

276

MOLSHADSKY

 

Reuven

 

 

276

MOLSHADSKY

 

Shmuel

 

 

262-63; 288

MONYE'S

 

Idel

 

 

309

NEIMAN

Moishe

 

 

 

294

PAYMER

 

Meir

 

 

275

PINSKY

 

Aron

Nisel

 

275

PINSKY

 

Gedalyo

 

 

275

PINSKY

 

Zalman

Yitzchok

 

306

PINTSHUK

family

 

 

 

303

PINTSHUK

 

Noah

 

 

306

PINTSHUK

 

Shaiye

 

 

278

PINTSHUK

 

Yeruchem

 

 

277

PINTSHUK

 

Yitzchok

Yossel

 

265

POSTAN

 

Berl

 

 

265

POSTAN

 

Shaindel

 

 

295-97

POTSHTALION

 

Shloime

 

 

278

RABINOVICH

 

Mich'l

 

 

286

RASL'S

 

Avrom'l

 

 

284

RATNER

 

Etel

Gitel

 

284

RATNER

 

Ortshik

 

Ortsh'kel

283-84

RATNER

 

Yossel

 

 

294

RATZKEVICH

 

Yisroel

Dovid

 

296-97

REYTAN

family

 

 

 

273/291

RIVKIN

 

Feivel

 

 

283; 287

RIVKIN

 

Shloime

 

 

302

ROGOV

 

Chatzkel(e)

 

 

274-5

ROZOVSKY

 

Bayrech

 

der Goldshmidt

291

ROZOVSKY

 

Beoroche

 

 

291

ROZOVSKY

 

Hanya

 

 

291

ROZOVSKY

 

Leibke

 

 

260

ROZOVSKY

 

Shloimke

 

 

303

ROZOVSKY

 

Shloim'ke

 

 

274-5

ROZOVSKY

 

Sore

 

 

274-5

ROZOVSKY

 

Bayrech

 

der Goldshmidt

289;
306

SABAN

 

Mendel

see Mendel Zmudziak

 

300

SANKE'S

Leibe

Motte

 

 

267

SHAIYEL

 

Bashe

 

 

267

SHAIYEL

 

Beroche

 

 

267

SHAIYEL

 

Mordechai

 

 

267

SHAIYEL

 

Nechemyo

 

Cheme

295

SHIFRIS

 

Chayim

 

 

295

SHIFRIS

 

Chayim

 

der Nesvizher

302

SNOB'L

 

Moishe

 

 

277

SOLOVEICHIK

 

 

 

 

290

TOKATSHINSKY

 

Moshe

 

 

291

TOKATSHINSKY

 

Moshe

Mordechai

 

282

TZIMMERING

 

Feige

Dine

 

282

TZIMMERING

 

Shmuel

Dovid

 

303

TZIMMERING

 

[no first name]

 

 

303

TZIRLIS

 

Boruch

 

 

299

VALKIN

 

Zalman

 

 

282

VAPNIK

 

Shimen

 

 

291

VARNAK (?)

see “Barnak

 

 

 

286

VARSHAL

 

Avrom'l

 

 

276

VARSHALL

 

Moshke

 

Chayim-Ber's

266-67

VINOGRAD

 

Boaz

 

 

266

VINOGRAD

 

Gitel

 

 

266

VINOGRAD

 

Shlomo

 

Feivel's

266

VINOGRAD

 

Yitzchok

 

 

270

WEINER

 

Yankele

Shmuel

 

229

WEINGER

 

Avrom

Chayim

 

299

 WEINGER

 

Avrom

 

der Noggid

268

ZASULITSH

 

Vera

 

 

293,
300

ZAYETZ

 

N'yome

 

 

303

ZLOTNIK

 

Chana

 

 

306

ZMUDZIAK

 

Mendel

 

 

294

ZMUDZIAK

 

Shaiyel

 

 


Important Notes about This Page

All names on this page were included in Surname Index Nov 2009

Find any name on this page by hitting "control F" on your keyboard and typing in the name.

Find any name anywhere on this website by going to the Google Search bar and typing the name immediately before this phrase
site:http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/lyakhovichi/

from the word "site" to the slash after lyakhovichi (just cut and paste it into your browser)



A Street Guide to Lyakhovichi Businesses and Residences Pre WWI in a Memoir of the Town.

This Introduction originally appeared in the article Using Lyakhovichi City Directories
by Deborah Glassman, copyright 2007
and continues to appear on our page Business Directories of Lyakhovichi

Then look at a very different kind of source on Lyakhovichi Businesses before World War I. The Lyakhovichi Yizkor book is not simply a remembrance of those who were murdered by the Nazis, but a look at the world of the Jews of Lyakhovichi, which was lost in the terror. Many of the people writing about the small town in which they first lived, were writing about a place they last saw decades previous. One of the writers, Avrom Lev, wrote a nostalgic look at the town of Lyakhovichi. He found it easiest to describe in the terms of a "walking tour." The format, which was clearly a memorial to the many individuals he had cherished in his youth, became a kind of cross between a travel guide, a street directory, and a tribute to individuals who, for good and bad, filled his memories of Lyakhovichi. Dr. Neville Lamdan created a moving translation which you will see on six of our pages beginning at A Walk through my Devastated Shtetl or for which you can access links to all six pages on the key page for Biographies , at Lyakhovichi, pre-1914, "My Devastated Shtetl" .

Dr. Lamdan went on to create an index of the over 220 people named by name or nickname in his important contribution to the translation of Lyakhovichi's Yiskor book. That index can be found in the center of this page. It lists all of the people named, with and without surnames, and the index alone, is a great new asset for researchers.

The list below was created separately by the webmaster for a different purpose - it is a look at the town by street and house description and the business or residence of the occupant. Additional surnames that were able to be identified were attached to some who had been referred to by Avrom Lev, only with nicknames. Many people named in the article are not named here because they do not have an occupation or residence in the town (like children who moved away: people named only as love interests; and those whose place in the author's memory was earned by fashion, zeal of prayer, or ability to swim). Read the article for an unforgettable glimpse of our town's life, because the list below has had that life squeezed out of it to get a simple street and business directory from what was an articulate and moving memoir.

A Street Guide to Lyakhovichi Businesses and Residences Pre WWI
By street in their order geographically
extracted from A Walk through my Devastated Shtetl

NAME

Business or Residence Description

Street Name or Location

ROSZOVSKY, Shloime

Shloimke Rozovsky is one of shop owners on Abraham Yankel Kaplan’s first floor

Market Place is at the east end of town. In the Market Place, two storied stone house of Abraham Yankel Kaplan with row of stores on first floor

COHEN, Itsche and his wife Nehama Raisels

An inn in the center of the city, Nehama Raisels Inn, (called before WWI by her husband’s name Reb Itsche Cohen) (Jewish clientele, primarily)

Market Place, the second two storied stone house; of Reb Itsche Cohen and his wife Nechama Raisels – an inn. Appears in 1905 property register for Lyakhovichi under the name Itsko Kagan.

 

Cabs and Drivers tied up at Nehama Raisels Inn

Market Place, the second two storied stone house; of Reb Itsche Cohen and his wife Nechama Raisels – an inn

MISHKOFSKY, Israel

Legal advocate; scribe

Market Place, the third two storied stone house of Israel Mishkofsky; with state Liquor store on first floor (Monopol) and Israel Mishkovsky’s legal advice and scribal office on 2 nd floor. He is listed in the 1905 Property records as Srol, son of Girsh Myshkovskiy, owner of a stone building with the state wine shop. In 1874 Mishkofsky was living in his father's apartment on Klteskaya Street.

(EPSTEIN) aka Michael AGUSHKES, Michael Agushe, Michael Dodes; named also father Dode, son Dode, son Dode's wife Temma, and the children of Dode and Temme - a son Meirke, a daughter Hode

Inn / Hotel – modern with many Christian guests including noblemen

Market Place, the fourth building seeming to continue Israel Mishkofsly’s house, the hotel of Michael Dodes aka Michael Agushkes. (modern hotel, Christian guests) In the 1905 Lyakhovichi property records he is called Michael son of Dovid EPSTEIN and the building is said to rent "furnished apartments" in our translation. He is recorded owning that building since 1874. It is presumed that his co-name Agushkes is from his wife's name

(EPSTEIN) aka Dode (nickname for David) son of Michael Agushkes with his father Michael, his wife Temma, and the children of Dode and Temme - a son Meirke, a daughter Hode

Inn / Hotel – modern with many Christian guests including noblemen

Market Place, the fourth building seeming to continue Israel Mishkofsly’s house, the hotel of Michael Dodes aka Michael Agushkes. (modern hotel, Christian guests) In the 1905 Lyakhovichi property records he and his father are both listed and the building is said to rent "furnished apartments" in our translation. His father appears to own that same building since 1874. It is presumed that his father's co-name Agushkes is from his wife's name, but Dode's mother is not reported

(EPSTEIN) AGUSHE, Meirke son of Michael and Temma, died during WWI. No surname on page.

Graduate of Optician school; came home from big city on holidays

Market Place

MONYE, Idel (aka MEINISH, Idel) no last name appears to be present

Building description

Market Place, the fifth two storied stone building. After his death, a cooperative bank was upstairs, and on the first floor a road house (pub/inn)

ALEZAR, Peretz this may not be a last name but a formation from a father's name of Leizar

Tailor shop

Market Place, a wood building against Idel Monye’s building, Peretz Alezar’s tailor shop – not far from the Agushe stone house (Dodes Inn)

 

Building description

Market Place, the shared building of Reb Leibe Kantorovich and Reb Yosef Bogin – the Kantorovcih sided served as Stoliner Shul, the Bogin side as Flour warehouse. Bogin appears in the 1905 property register of Lyakhovichi with this flour warehouse.

KANTOROVICH, Leibe

Owner of building

Market Place

NO SURNAME GIVEN Yitzhak Aron

Cheder teacher

Market Place

BOGIN, Yosef

Flour Merchant (links with largest flour companies in Russia)

Founded a modern cheder.

Market Place, the shared building of Reb Leibe Kantorovich and Reb Yosef Bogin – the Kantorovcih sided served as Stoliner Shul, the Bogin side as Flour warehouse

NO SURNAME GIVEN Riva the widow (see also Shaindel POSTAN)

Soda shop

Market Place, the small shop below the Kantorovich-Bogin Building

POSTAN, Shaindel daughter of Riva the widow, with Berl Postan her husband

Soda shop

Market Place, the small shop below the Kantorovich-Bogin Building

MALOWITSKY, Michael Noah (listed on page as Michl Noah, no surname, but it names his children)

Building Description

Market Place – making a right at Bogin-Kantorovich house. There is in the 1905 Property register a Noah Malovitsky who owns property on Market place, 4 wooden buildings including a warehouse. He lives next door to an Abram Malovitsky who is called Abram son of Mikhel. But the names Michael Malovitsky and Noah Malovitsky repeat in this family and parties are easily confused.

MALOWITSKY, Abram

Building description

Market Place, next to Michael Noah Malowitsky (who is next to Bogin-Kantorovich) a small house adjoining Michael Noah’s house. An Abram Malowitsky son of Michael is listed in 1905 Registry of Property in Lyakhovichi owning property on Market Place.

VINOGRAD, Shlomo aka Reb Shlomo Feivels (brother of Boaz Vinograd)

Merchants of wax, pig bristle, and wood whose shipments went abroad as far as America.

Market Place, near Michael Noah Malowitsky’s house [??] is 2 story stone house of Vinograd family. Merchants of wax, pig bristle, and wood.

VINOGRAD, Gitel daughter of Shlomo Feivels

 

Market Place

VINOGRAD, Yitzhak son of Shlomo Feivels

 

Market Place

VINOGRAD, Boaz (brother of Shlomo Feivels)

Merchants of wax, pig bristle, and wood whose shipments went abroad as far as America.

Market Place, near Michael Noah Malowitsky’s house [??] is 2 story stone house of Vinograd family. Merchants of wax, pig bristle, and wood.

(TUKACHINSKY) SHAIYEL, Nechemyah aka Reb Cheme and his wife Bashe

cobbler (shoemaker) supplies

Market Place near Vinograd house, a little wooden house with store on market side and dwelling in rear. The only Nechemya found in the 1905 Registry of Property Owners, on Market Street, and also owning a wooden house with small shop was Nechemya TUCKACHINSKY. He had owned it from the 1880s and that Nechemya Tukachinsky lived near property owned by his brother Mordechai on Market Place, which corresponds to Nechemya Shaiyel's brother Mordechai Shaiyel. It turns out that the 1884 tax list identifies each of them with the patronymic of Shevel which is here called Shaiyel, and the author went on to describe Mordechai's children in ways that exactly match Mordechai Shevelovich Tuckachinsky - "a son in Shanghai" a dtr Broche murdered by the Nazis."

(TUKACHINSKY) SHAIYEL, Mordechai (brother of Nechemya)

Merchant and head of “Community Chest”

Market Place, single story stone house. Mordechai Shaiyel aka Mordechai b Shevel Tukachinsky is described with "a son in Shanghai" a dtr Broche murdered by the Nazis" which matches Nisan Tuckachinsky and his sister.

CHAZANOVICH, Yehoshua

Building owner

Market Place, stone house owned by Yehoshua and after his death by son Moshke. [ Ovsey Chazanovich owns a stone building on Market Place that houses a tavern in the 1905 Lyakhovichi property register. Ovsey is interchangeable with Govsey, and is a nickname for Joshua. - DGG]

CHAZANOVICH, Moshke son of Yehoshua

Buidling owner

Market Place, stone house owned by Yehoshua and after his death by son Moshke

PELZEL, Leibe (Pelzel is probably his occupation rather than surname) also lists his sons Yona and Yankel and calls them cousins to kibutzhik Yosel Busel

furrier

Market Place, stone house owned by Leibe Pelzel (the furrier)

BERKOVICH, Shimmel

Buidling owner

Market Place, the long courtyard of the brothers Shimmel and Berl Berkovich. Shimshel son of Borukh BERKOVICH and Berko son of Borukh BERKOVICH are shown as owning this building in 1905 following a previous ownership by Borukh son of Sholom BErkovich in the Lyakhovichi Property Records. A business on the property mentioned in those records was a beeswax shop.

BERKOVICH, Berl

Buidling owner

Market Place, the long courtyard of the brothers Shimmel and Berl Berkovich

BERKOVICH, Malke

resident

Market Place

Botche der Hoicher (the Tall)

Merchant, with business abroad

Market Place

MALAVITSKY

Merchants of pelts and wood

Market Place

Libe der Geller (the Redhead) with her son Lippe

Codfish shop run by the wife while husband works in Crimea (comes home at Pesach and High Holydays)

Market Place; Little house with tiny shop in front

KARELICH, Zundel Gedalyos

Melamed, scholar

Market Place -His wife had tailor shop at Market Place street corner, and he had a stall at “Between the Shops”

KARELICH, Tzippe (wife of Zundel Gedalyos)

Tailor shop

Market Place; on the street-corner

KARELICH, Dr. Yudel. Son of Zundel and Tzippe Karelich did not live in town as adult.

Physician – only visited in Lyakhovichi

Market Place

GAVZE, Pinye

Pelt merchant, lost his livelihood

Market Place, on the corner opposite the Karelich’s – an intersecting street?

Leibel Avrom-Yitzhak’s

Shop – not specified

Market Place: Near Pinya Gavze’s house

KURCHIN family - residence

Building description

Market Place – two houses same lot of Kurchin and Churgin families inherited by children from their fathers. In 1905 Faivel and Aron Kurhin owned a wooden house together on Market Place.

CHURGIN family - residence

Building description

Market Place – two houses same lot of Kurchin and Churgin families inherited by children from their fathers.

CHURGIN, Faye

Graduate of “Froebelist” teaching school of Yechiel Halpern in Warsaw

Market Place – two houses same lot of Kurchin and Churgin families inherited by children from their fathers.

WEINER, Yankele Shmuel

Bookbinder, worked for Sander der Ainbinder

Market Place

GANTSEVICH, Sander "der Ainbinder" (last name not given on page)

Bookbinder

Market Place, house and business of the bookbinder. In 1905 Lyakhovichi property register, Sender Gantsevich a bookbinder, owns a wooden building in common with Yossel Birger in Market Place, and it contains a confectionary shop and a bookbinder shop.

KAPEL, Rochel

Sold pastry

Not at a fixed location, in meetings and businesses

Sore Kalman-Yosels (wife of Zerach)

Café – soda, cookies and ice-cream

Market Place.

GAVZE, Alter

Manufactures glue

Market Place

MALEVITZKY, Yosel

Wood merchant

Market Place Next to Gavze in the second house

Moshe the Printer and son Nyome (Benjamin)

Prints documents and dyes peasant women’s blouses

Market Place “over there” is Moshe the Printer’s house

DITKOWSKY, Pesach aka Pesach Hinde Reizel’s

Merchant

Market Place -A little turn to the right and are standing next to Pesach’s house. In the 1905 Property registry his wooden house on Market Place is mentioned, no patronymic included.

DITKOWSKY, Hinde Reizel’s

pelt shop

Market Place -A little turn to the right and are standing next to Pesach’s house

Gershon the shoemaker

Location not given, customer of DITKOWSKY

ng

BREVDA, Aharon-Itshe

Brewery

Market Place Large house with brewery in yard

ROZOVSKY, Bayrech

goldsmith

Market Place; A low house

ROZOVSKY, Sore, wife of Bayrich

Jewlery store

Market Place

PINSKY, Rabbi Zalman Yitzhak with son Gedalyo

Building description

Market Place – not far from Rozovsky. He appears in 1902 Property Register with property on Market Square.

PINSKY, Aron Nisel

Bookeeper in Bank and operated a book store and library

Market Place – not far from Rozovsky, a second market home

MILETZKY, Gedalyo

merchant

Market Place -2 story wooden house with a manufacturing business below and his apartment in the courtyard

MILETSKY, Frumke aka Frume Naftolke’s, sister of Gedalyo Miletsky

Colonial business – a local name for a store selling drygoods and high-end merchandise from the Russian provinces

Renskovoy Pogrev” was the name of the business

Market Place - 2 story house

VARSHAL, Moshke aka Moshke Chayim Ber

Beer brewery

Market Place -Yard with brewery deep in the yard; big house big extended family. Avrom Lev refers to Varshal as Moshke Chayim Ber. There was a Hayim son of Yoel Varshal who owned this property in the 1870s. There was a Moshe son of Hayim who owned it in 1885. Perla dtr of Joseph, who appears in the 1903 Directory as a seller of beer-honey, may have been someone's wife or widow. she is listed in the 1905 Lyakhovichi property registry as the owner of the brewery on Market Place.

BUSEL, Stirl
called on the page, Stirl der Kezeles (nickname and translation of Esther of the little cheeses) wife of Noah Leib (called sister of Broche wife of Yitzhak Yosel who had a cheese business in Riyadn street [Rejtan?]

Cheesemaker, seller of hard cheeses, cheese dumplings, fresh butter, and candles made by her husband

Market Place -Shop of Stirl der Kezeles

BUSEL, Noah Leib called on the page Noah Leib, husband of Stirl der Kezeles

Candlemaker

Market Place - 2 story house

BREVDA, Alter

photographer

Market Place -A “half” single story stone house with stairs in front and glass building in yard that is photography studio

BREVDA, parents of Levi Ben-Amittai (ne Lipa BREVDA)

residents

Market Place -A “half” single story stone house with stairs in front and glass building in yard that is photography studio; the parents of Israeli poet Levi Ben-Amittai live in the house. Ben-Amittai's real name was Lipa Brevda and in 1905 the property was owned by the heirs of Srol son of Itska BREVDA according to the Lyakhovichi property records. In 1905 it already included the photography studio that was owned by Alter (Mordechai Gershon) Brevda.

GELLIN, Yehudo

Credit Merchants, partners Yehudo Gellin and Nachmen Levin

Market Place -Lemtschich’s 2 story stone house with broad and shady entrance. The bankers live on seond floor

LEVIN, Nachman

Credit Merchants, partners Yehudo Gellin and Nachmen Levin

Market Place -Lemtschich’s 2 story stone house with broad and shady entrance. The bankers, their children and married children, live on seond floor

SOLOVEICHIK,son-in-law of Credit Merchants (one of Yehudo Gellin or Nachman Levin) of the family of the Brisker Gaon, Chayimke Soloveichik

Credit merchant?

Market Place -Lemtschich’s 2 story stone house with broad and shady entrance. The bankers, their children and married children, live on seond floor

LEMTSCHICH family

Building Description

Market Place -Lemtschich’s 2 story stone house with broad and shady entrance. The Lemtschich’s live on the first floor. (presumably the bar is there)

Mrs. LEMTSCHICH

Bar for teamsters and policemen

Market Place -Lemtschich’s 2 story stone house with broad and shady entrance. The Lemtschich’s live on the first floor. (presumably the bar is there)

Mottel the Tinsmith, der Blecher

Tinsmith

Market Place -Mottel der Blecher’s fine house – the credit merchants had a banking counter in his house

BIRGER, Gedalya son of Yudel

brewery?lunchroom

Market Place - Not listed by Avrom Lev. Appears in 1905 Property register as the owner of a lunchroom in Market Place and in the 1903 Business Directory as the owner of a brewery in Lyakhovichi. The building was made of wood and it was not his primary residence as he lived on Tatarskaya Street in a home owned by his brother.

GOLDBERG, Girsh Leib

tavern

Market Place - Not listed by Avrom Lev. Appears in 1905 Property register as the owner of a tavern in a stone building in Market Place. Previously it had been owned by Leiba GOLDBERG.

PINTSCHUK, Yitzhak Yosel with wife and son Yerucham

Colonial business – a local name for a store selling drygoods and high-end merchandise from the Russian provinces

Intersection of Riyadn Street and Market Place

RABINOVICH, Michael, son-in-law of Reb Avrom Yankev

Rabbi (called here “talmed chochim”)

Intersection of Riyadn Street – opposite Pintschuk’s colonial store

Shifretzke,

Seller of fruits and vegetables

Three Riyadn Stores (on Riyadn Street) “120 families made their livings here”

ZAYETZ, Nyome (Benjamin)

Built stone buildings for butchers on Riyadn Street; says elsewhere a building contractor with state contracts

Riyadn Street – stone stores and meat shops built by Nyome Zayetz to replace the former dirty wooden structures

Chaim Bashes

Colonial business – a local name for a store selling drygoods and high-end merchandise from the Russian provinces

Riyadn Street – stone stores

MOLOVITSKY, Alter aka Alter Bande,

Flour store

Riyadn Street – stone stores

Ittel wife of Zelig Shimel who was also called Zelig Ittels. Worked with her dtr Yocheved and her husband worked there sometimes

store sold staple groceries including sugar and tea

Riyadn Street – stone stores

BEDER, Broche called “Broche wife of Yitzhoch Yosel”and “sister of Stirl Noah-Leibe’s” on page

Dairy- Yitzhock Yosel’s dairy run by his wife: sold cheese, butter, cream cheese,

Riyadn Street to the right

BEDER, Yitzhak Yosef

Dairy

Riyadn Street to the right

-

Storekeepers dealing in flour

Granaries - The area called

Reichel the Bakerwoman

Concession selling cakes and breads

Granaries - The area called

Bashe the daughter of Reichel the Bakerwoman

Concession selling cakes and breads

Granaries - The area called

TZIMMERING, Shmuel-Dovid and wife Feige Dine. He owned store, she ran it

Little shop

Grainaries: To the right of

Reb Shaiye-Bere-Velvels

Store selling supplies to farmers.

 

Grainaries: To the left of the Tzimmerings are three or four stores selling supplies like wheelgrease, boot preservative, tobacco, kerosene, et al.

One shop belongs to Reb Shaiye-Bere-Velvel's and another to Reb Yayrshel-Borech-Meir's.

 

 

Reb Yayrshel-Borech-Meir's

Store selling supplies to farmers. Wealthiest man in town, all his sons and dtrs in business

 

Grainaries: To the left of the Tzimmerings are three or four stores selling supplies like wheelgrease, boot preservative, tobacco, kerosene, et al.

One shop belongs to Reb Shaiye-Bere-Velvel's and another to Reb Yayrshel-Borech-Meir's

1 or 2 Businesses whose owners are unaccounted for in this block

Store selling supplies to farmers.

Grainaries: To the left of the Tzimmerings are three or four stores selling supplies like wheelgrease, boot preservative, tobacco, kerosene, et al. (2 accounted for)

VAPNIK, Shimen

Little shop, not specified

“Between the Shops” two row of businesses, opposite each other. Starting one row with Shimen Vapnik’s shop and ending on other side with Yitzhkok Brevda’s [shipping?] business

BREVDA, Yitzchok

Shipping? (is the same Brevda who drove the stagecoach??)

“Between the Shops” two row of businesses, opposite each other. Starting one row with Shimen Vapnik’s shop and ending on other side with Yitzhkok Brevda’s [shipping?] business

DITKOVSKY, Hinde-Reizel

Leather business

“Between the Shops” two row of businesses, opposite each other. The second row starts with Hinde-Reizel Ditkovsky's leather business and ends with Reitze-Sore's shop with hatchets, axes, beads, and buttons

NO SURNAME GIVEN, Reitze-Sore

Notions and Sundries

“Between the Shops” two row of businesses, opposite each other. The second row starts with Hinde-Reizel Ditkovsky's leather business and ends with Reitze-Sore's shop with hatchets, axes, beads, and buttons

RATNER, Yosel

Runs Store while engaged in Torah studies

“Between the Shops”

RIVKIN, Shloime

Manufacturer; wealthy;

“Between the Shops”

Devoire Yaakov-Moishe’s

Haber-
dashery Shop

“Between the Shops”

LEV, (Surname not given on page) Rifka- Leah the widow, daughter of Reb Shaike the Dayen (names 12 people in her photograph) This is the family of Betzalel and Rifka-Leah Lev; Her children are reported in the Holocaust pages of Testimony

Second store of Rivke-Leah

“Between the Shops”

Mendel the iron-worker (kalt-schmid)

Iron-worker

“Between the Shops”

RATNER, Ortsh’kel, the brother of Yosel Ratner and son of Etel-Gitl and Reb Noah

Small shop, he studied Torah

“Between the Shops”

RATNER, Etel-Gitl wife of Reb Noah

Small shop

“Between the Shops”

RATNER, Reb Noah

Melamed, from the description he seems to be deaf, but it is not clear if he is a teacher of the deaf

 

Reb Michael Kaile’s

Glass store: run by his wife and children while he teaches Advanced Talmud

“Between the Shops”

ALTVARG, Pesach

Tailor shop: run by his wife and children while he studies

“Between the Shops”

KARELICH, Zundel Gedalyos (page does not have surname)

Tailor shop: run by his wife

“Between the Shops”

VARSHAL, Avrom

storeowner

“Between the Shops”

KANTOROVICH, Aron-Leib

Business owner

Yener Zait Mark [“Market on the other Side”]. After the two rows of “Between the Shops”, we take a right to the shops of the (so-called) Yener Zait Mark

KANTOROVICH, Dine Rive wife of Aron Leib and mother of 12

Trades and travels to market fairs

Yener Zait Mark

Berl Michael Binyoninkas

Flour store

Yener Zait Mark

 

Boarded up Fire Brigade Shed

Open field of market between Market Place, and Yener Zait mark; Across the empty market field, near the pump

DITKOVSKY, Pesach

Corner house

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area

Asher derZeigermachter's (the watchmaker)

As the wall is before us, Asher’s home is to the right in an apple orchard

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area

Avrom'l Rasl's

As the wall is before us, Avroml Rasl’s home is to the left

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area. Possibly Abram Begun who lived on the Rampart from 1885.

Rasl wife of Avroml Rasls

As the wall is before us, Avroml Rasl’s home is to the left

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area

Gedalyo the Melamed

Next on the left is Gedlayo the Melamed’s house

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area. In 1905 Gedalya Elina (Jelin) received a house on this block, from his father Naftali son of Gedalya Elina. Also in 1905 Gedalya Goldberg lived in a stone house on this road.

RIVKIN, Shloime

And across it to the right is Shloime Rivkin’ fine house

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area

MILLER, the Chemist also called Miller the Polish Pharmacist

And over there is Miller’s chemist shop surrounded by a fruit orchard

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area

-

Street description

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area

The Hekdesh of Idel Mones

Further along the wall, the hospice built that has stood empty and become a Zionist meeting area

The Rampart (Der Vall) – residential area

for us the [Sanitarians] road became “ Main Street”. It was the street where our Lechovicher Jews went to stroll on Shabbes and holidays

 

Street description

“Sanitarians' Street: Going through the back alley, from the Rampart, we come out to where the Sanitarians Street” begins

It seems that even in mid-week this street [Sanitarians' Street or “ Main Street”] is cleaner and more lit up than all our (Jewish) streets, except for Pinsker Street. The shtetl's intellectuals come here for a stroll even on mid-week evenings. Brides and grooms also stroll here to “look over” one another.

 

Street description

SanitarianStreet

… whole length of street – from Reb Moshe-Mordechai Tokatshinsky's house to the … village school with two grades.

Village school

Building Description

SanitarianStreet

… whole length of street – from Reb Moshe-Mordechai Tokatshinsky's house to the … village school with two grades.

TOKATSHINSKY, Reb Moshe Mordechai

Household described as wealthy

Sanitarian Street – residential, wealthy

Reb Mich'l Binyominke,

Household described as wealthy

Sanitarian Street – residential, wealthy

BERKOVICH, Berl

Household described as wealthy

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

BARNAK, Zundel

Household described as wealthy

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

LIS, Gershon

Household described as wealthy

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

MAIZEL family

Household described as wealthy

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

LITOVSKY family

Household described as wealthy

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

ROZOVSKY, Leibke and his wife Hanya and [adopted] daughter Sonya

Description of family

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

The local Polish doctor’s residence

Doctor’s residence

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

The Medical assistant’s residence (Christian)

Medical Assistant’s residence

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

Residence and government office of title holder – Volost Office

Government Offices and official residences

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

Volost Court

Government Offices and official residences

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

Zemski Oprave (local government admin)

Government Offices and official residences

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

Jail

Government Offices and official residences

They bring prisoners past “Between the Shops” on Friday

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

Commissioner and 12 agents (gendarmes?)

To prevent break-ins like one in the past at the Monopol liquor store

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

 

Street description

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential

Shmuler the lawyer

lawyer

Sanitarian Street – wealthy residential: At far end of street resides Shmuler der Advocat

Avromele, the red-headed barber: Jewish revolutionary

Barber; – no location given

 

Old Cemetery

The road Stretches far and away to the New Cemetery while having to its side, the old cemetery where famous rabbis and rebbes are buried.

Death Road – to cemeteries

 

Go back a bit from Sanitarian Street and we come to the “death road” to the Old and New Cemeteries

New Cemetery

The road Stretches far and away to the New Cemetery while having to its side, the old cemetery where famous rabbis and rebbes are buried.

Death Road – to cemeteries

 

Go back a bit from Sanitarian Street and we come to the “death road” to the Old and New Cemeteries

BUCHBINDER, Schachne

Dealer in rags and old bones

Death Road – to cemeteries

only one substantial Jew, Schachne Buchbinder, lives here, the rest are poor and beggers

-

Street Description

Death Road – to cemeteries

 

 

Up the other side of Death Road to “the Wenger” which stands before the continuation of Death Road.

-

Street Description

Synagogue Courtyard: Cross away from the Wenger on a small bridge and we come to the Synagogue Courtyard

Hasidic prayer houses

Author says 2 hasidic shtiblech

Synagogue Courtyard

The larger community Bes Midrash

Synagogue Description

Synagogue Courtyard

Cobbler’s Shul

Synagogue Description

Synagogue Courtyard

Tailor’s Shul

Synagogue Description

Synagogue Courtyard

Koidanover Shul

Synagogue Description - Too small to hold the huge crowds who would gather when the Koidanover Rebbe would come once a year

Synagogue Courtyard

 

Street Description

Kletsk Street – leave the Synagogue Couortyard through a side alley to Kletsk Street

ZAYETZ, Nyome

Building Contractor with Russian government contracts

Kletsk Street

KOPPEL, parents of A. Mukdoni the Doctor of Philosophy who became famous abroad – the wife had a bakery here, the father was a melamed in “poorest district”

bakery

Kletsk Street

KOPPEL, father of A. Mukdoni

melamed

Kletsk Street

MINTZ, Shimshel

Lumber merchant

Kletsk Street – stone house

MASS, Hirshele

 

Religious leader

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders

RATZKEVICH, RabbiYisroel David

Rabbi

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders

PAYMER, Rabbi Meir

Rabbi

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders

LIOS, Noah

Big pelt merchant

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders

ZMUDZIAK, Shaiyel,

Big merchant who does business as far as Lemberg

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders

BERKOVICH, Pinye

Wood merchant

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders

SHIFRIS, Chaim aka Chaim from Nesvizh

Melamed

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders

POTSHTALION, Shloime

Mail delivery concession

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders

BARANEK, (surname not on page) Feigel-Bashe

“Colonial store”

Kletsk Street – house on street of rabbis and leaders and continues on to a “non-Jewish” section including the estate of Rushike which belonged to the Polish noblemen Reytans

Count Reytan

Landowner, nobleman

Kletsk Street- the estate of Rushike which belonged to the Polish noblemen Reytans

Countess Reytan (deported to Siberia by Soviets, alongside Jews from Lyakhovichi; she died there)

Landowner, nobleman

Kletsk Street- the estate of Rushike which belonged to the Polish noblemen Reytans

 

Street Description

Kletsk Street shortcut behind and come out at the beginning of Pinsk Street, to the left of which stretch, far and wide, gardens and fields up to the Kaminker Forest and the railway station at Rushnevich.

LIOS, Leibe

Pelt merchant

Pinsk Street , in the part which led to the Market is located the “Golden Flag” [the “flagship”] of our shtetl,

KAPLAN, Yehoshuo son of Avram Yaakov Kaplan

Leading merchant

Pinsk Street , in the part which led to the Market is located the “Golden Flag” [the “flagship”] of our shtetl,

KAPLAN, Feigele wife of Yehoshuo, she aka Feigele Avram Yakov’s

Benefactor

Pinsk Street , in the part which led to the Market is located the “Golden Flag” [the “flagship”] of our shtetl,

WEINGER, Avrom Chayim aka the new prince (der nayer noggid)

With new wealth he founded a credit bank; bought up shops, and erected two fine houses in Pinsk Street

Pinsk Street , we go up a bit and come to the well-kept house of Avrom Chaim Weinger

WOLKIN (says Valkin on page) Reb Zalman

Lumber business

Pinsk Street

BUSEL, Noah Leib and his wife Stirel

Residence

Pinsk Street – On the opposite side of the street live … simple Jews with honest souls, like Reb Yidel der Melamed and Reb Noah-Leib Busel, with their families.

 

Yidel the Melamed

Residence

Pinsk Street – On the opposite side of the street live … simple Jews with honest souls, like Reb Yidel der Melamed and Reb Noah-Leib Busel, with their families.

 

Chotshe der Roife (the Doctor)

Medical Asst

Pinsk Street – opposite Nyome Zayetz

Avrom Yaakov der Roife

Medical practitioner

Mentioned in note about Chotsche der Roife

 

Street Description

“Street that aint no Street” (Svyato Yanskaya) After Pinsk Street we take a left and enter a “street that ain't no street” but important Jews once lived here.

Reb Leibe-Motte-Sanke's

ladies' tailor; early ready ware factory

“Street that aint no Street” (Svyato Yanskaya) – on the right

Michael Aron the Baker

Baker

“Street that aint no Street” (Svyato Yanskaya)–exactly opposite [Reb Leibe Motte Sanke] by Mich’l Aron der Beker, lives one of our two town dentists in a stone house

GOLDBERG, Yitzchok-Gedalyo

Dentist

“Street that aint no Street”(Svyato Yanskaya) –exactly opposite [Reb Leibe Motte Sanke] by Mich’l Aron der Beker lives one of our two town dentists in a stone house

Reb Moshe Mordechai “ (Svyato Yanskaya)der Dardeke-Melamed” [the little children's cheder teacher] This is Rabbi Moshe Mordechai Winogrod who would die a few years later in Slutsk during WWI.

Melamed

“Street that aint no Street”(Svyato yanskaya) –Among the outstanding Jews on it

Reb Shaiye Chossid

Resident

“Street that aint no Street” – Not far from Reb Moshe Mordechai lives Reb Shaiye Chossid and a couple of paces on Reb Yankel “der Shoichet” [ritual slaughterer] and then, opposite, the talmed chochem Reb Meir Leibke's,

Reb Yankel der Schochet

Ritual slaughter

“Street that aint no Street” – Not far from Reb Moshe Mordechai lives Reb Shaiye Chossid and a couple of paces on Reb Yankel “der Shoichet” [ritual slaughterer] and then, opposite, the talmed chochem Reb Meir Leibke's

Meir Leibke’s

Resident

“Street that aint no Street”

LEV, Dovid Shlomo, son of Shaike the Dayan

Resident

“Street that aint no Street” – across from Meir Leibke’s pushed far back in the yard

Avraham Yankel der Roife

Medical Assistant, using title of Doctor

“Street that aint no Street” – Here extend courtyard after courtyard, built up with small, low houses and huts, almost one on top of the other. Here poverty nestles.

 

Alter son of Avraham Yankel der Roife

barber; strong-arm enforcer

“Street that aint no Street” – Here extend courtyard after courtyard, built up with small, low houses and huts, almost one on top of the other.

ROGOV, Chatzkel

barber

“Street that aint no Street” –Rogov’s house

SNOBL, Moishe

Artist, sign painter

Mentioned in note about Chatzkel ROGOV

 

Street Description

Mislebozh Street – at its beginning a “Papayshchine” owned by an old Tatar woman who gave permission for Jews to relax under the trees on Shabbas

BURAKES- not a real surname, but a nickname

Jewish Farmers who planted vegetables and bred geese and sold goosefat

Mislebozh Street –next to the “Papayshchine

Fire Brigade Building converted to a live theater around 1912

Building Description

When we go off a little to the right, where one catches up with Mislevozh Street – a stone building

Reb Noah “der Melamed” or Noah “Mislevozher”

melamed

Mislevozh Street

PINTSCHUK family

Resident

Mislevozh Srteet

PINTSCHUK, Shaiye

Resident

Mislevozh Street

ZMUDZIAK, Mendel aka Mendel Saban

lawyer

Mislevozh Street

Nache der Balagole (the Carter)

Team driver; carter; balagola

Mislevozh Street

MUSIKANT (No surname on page), Nishe the Klezmer Musician

Musician

Mislevozh Street

MUSIKANT (No surname on page),Shliome the flutist son of Nishe the Klezmer Musician

Musician

Mislevozh Street

Homes of non-Jewish burghers,

Street descrption

Mislevozh Street , homes of non-Jewish burghers, surrounded by gardens and orchards

GAVZE, Lemke aka Lemke Daiches

Weavers and building description

Mislevozh Street, at very end past the homes of non-Jwish burghers, in complete isolation

MAZHE, Ahare, der nayer noggid -residence

Wealthy man (title meant "of new-found wealth")

Tatars Street turned towards the town away from the part mostly inhabited by Tatars to the houses of outstanding ballebatim

KANTOROVICH, Aron Leib - residence

Residence description – wealthy man

Tatars Street turned towards the town away from the part mostly inhabited by Tatars to the houses of outstanding ballebatim

NEIMAN, Moishe

One of biggest pelt merchants in our region

Tatars Street turned towards the town to the houses of outstanding ballebatim

GAVZE, Shaiyel

Big pelt merchant

Tatars Street turned towards the town to the houses of outstanding ballebatim

GAVZE, Yehiel Asher son of Shaiyel

Big pelt merchant

Tatars Street turned towards the town to the houses of outstanding ballebatim

Rashe the baker woman, a poor widow

Baker, sold fresh bagels in the evening

Tatars Street