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This site is created as a way to further research and publication of materials on the history of Lyakhovichi.If you have been aided in your research and wish to contribute materials and resources to further our knowledge, contact Gary Palgon and ask how you can help.

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Research Tools - Local Jurisdictions

This is a page in our Special Record Collections and Jurisdictions section. To see all of the resources of this area, click the "Collections" button in the left-hand column

This first report is from the Polish Census information collected in 1928 from the 1921 Census. It allows us to determine basic jurisdictions of government in the Lyakhovichi area of Poland from 1921 until the Soviet period, which only shortly preceeded the Nazi onslaught.

Lyakhovichi’s Polish jurisdictions from 1921-1945
By Deborah G. Glassman, copyright 2004

Successful research is conducted jurisdictionally. Where were civil cases tried? Where were court decisions filed? Where would a professional certificate for teaching be on record? If you know which District Court held records you need, then you may be able to track them into a particular archival fond today. You may find that records were transferred to places where different access policies make them more readily available, and you may find that a document that you never believed you would uncover, is there to be found.

In 1921 the nation of Poland was re-constituted after disappearing from the map for over 125 years. Lyakhovichi became part of the new nation. Poland set up local governments very practically, trying not to re-invent the wheel. Lyakhovichi which had been an important small town with railroad stations, telephone connections, and a telegraph office, was designated as a central town for a number of small villages without those services. Baranowicze which had been Lyakhovichi’s larger near neighbor became the local court town and one of seven “powiats” in Nowogrodek Wojewodztwo. Nowogrodek city, an ancient seat of the larger local area, was designated the chief town of Nowogrodek Wojewodztwo, just as it had been before the Russian Empire had swallowed up the Polish-Lithuanian Republic 150 years earlier.

In 1921 Poland conducted a census. In 1928 it published its statistical findings and shared these facts on the provinces, the districts, and individual towns in our area. I list them in descending jurisdictional importance:

Novogrudok (called Nowogrodek)
Baranovichi (called Baranowicze)
Lyakhovichi (called Lachowicze in the following documentation)
diverse towns dependent on Lyakhovichi

Nowogrodek was the vovoidship's chief town. The Court of Appeals was in Wilno, Poland. The seat of the Justice of the Peace was in Nowogrodek. The justice court was in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 7,690. The railway lines were a narrow road from Nowojelnia-Lubeza. The closest station of transportation was 23 km away in Nowojelnia, line - Lida-Baranowieze. The post office, telephone and telegraph were in Nowogrodek. Voidship Adminstration, Starostie, Voidship Police Command - Bureau of Imports and Taxes, Public Revenue Dept., Regional Director of Public Works, Dept. of Transportation, Employment Office, District Colonization Office, Expropriation Committee of the District. 2 Catholic churchs, 2 Orthodox churches, 3 synagogues, 1 mosque, a state high school, a private high school, a District Health Office, a district hospital, Jewish hospital, 2 orphanages, and an old age home. Association Of Polish Merchants, Ass. Of Jewish Merchants, Association of Tenant Apartments and Stores, Regional Agricultural Society, Regional Union of Agricultural Circles of the Territory of Nowogrodek, Association Of Pork Growers and of Red Cattle, Association of Christian Artisans. Markets were Mondays and Thursdays. Fairs - cattle & horses - 4 Dec, 20 Feb, 26 June, 6 Aug. ;concrete product manuf., manuf. Ceramic products, tanneries, steam mills

Baranowicze was designated as a miasto (county town), county seat of Baranowicze powiat. It was the seat of two justices of the peace with the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 11,471. The railroad lines serving Baranowicze were Baranowicze-Wolkowysk, Brzesc-Stolpce, and Lida-Luniniec. In addition to the post office, telephone, and telegraph in Baranowicze had the state authority offices of the Starostie, Police Chief, Police Commissioner, Bureau of Imports and Taxes - Public Revenue - Dept. of Transportation - Office of Placement - Rural District Office - District Expropriation Commission - District Colonization Committee - Bureau of Weights and Measures. Baranowicze had one Catholic church, one Orthodox church, three gymnasia - a commercial school and a technical school. It was the seat of the "ill" of the District, a private clinic - and a Maternity Clinic. Professional associations included the Association of Christian Merchants - Association of Jewish Merchants - Regional Agricultural Society - Union of Agricultural Circles - Society "Cynegetique" - Association of Jewish Artisans - Butchers Association, and Association of Building Owners. Other associations included construction workers, diet workers, needle workers, drivers [or handlers], Bureau of Commerce employees, and court employees. Markets were on Mondays and Thursdays. Commerce included brickworks, cement products, mills, winery, brandy, grease, and spinning mills.
Starostie - Jan Emeetryk - Mayor and President Of Municipal Council - Eugenjusz Dembinski-Piro - Under-mayor - Aron Winnikow - Municipal Hospital Director - Dr. Leon Nachumowski - Electric Rail Factory Director - Ins. Bialopiotrowicz - Municipal Slaughterhouse Director - Dr. Boleslaw Lanczewski.

Lachowicze was a miasteczko (small city) and gmina town, seat of council office of Lachowicze with the dependencies - Koniunchy, Mysloboje, Paszkowce, and Zubielewicze. It was seat of the Justice of the Peace with the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 2,819. The railway line was Luniniec-Baranoweize. The post office, telephone, and telegraph were in Lachowicze k. Barnowicz. The town had a council office, one Catholic church, one mosque, and one Orthodox church, a health clinic, an Association of Merchants, and an Association of Artisans.

Krzywoszyn was a village and gmina (town) with the dependencies of Horodyszcze Wielkie, Rzepichow, Szczerbinowo, Tuchowicze, and Zaluze. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowiczeand the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 358. The railway was a trainstop for limited transports on the line - "narrow road" Krzywoszyn-Myszanka. The post office and telephone were in Myszanka and telegraph in Krzywoszyn. The town had one Catholic and one Orthodox church and mills.

Kurszynowicze was a village of Niedzwiedzica. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowiczeand the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 550. The railway was a trainstop for limited transports in Budy. The post office and telephone were in Niedzwiedzice and telegraph in Budy.

Lipsk was a village of KRYZYWOSZYN. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowiczeand the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 841. The railway was a trainstop for limited transports in Krzywoszyn. The post office and telephone were in Krzywoszyn and telegraph in Lachowicze k. Barnowicz. The town had one Catholic church.

Lotwa Mala was a village of Lachowicze. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowicze and the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 581. The railway was 4 km away in Lachowicze k. Baranowicz. The post office, telephone, and telegraph were in Lachowicze k. Baranowicz.

Lotwa Wielka was a village of Lachowicze. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowiczeand the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 878. The railway was 8 km away in Lachowicze. The post office, telephone, and telegraph were in Lachowicze k. Baranowicz.

Mysloboje - Lachowicze

Ostrow was a village and gmina town with the dependencies of Nowosady and Strzalowo, Wi[el]ka. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowicze and the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 952. The railway was a trainstop for limited transports on the line - "narrow road" Baranowicze-Krzywoszyn. The post office and telephone were in Ostrow kolo Baranowicz. The telegraph was in Lachowicze kolo Baranowicz. The town had one Orthodox church.

Paszkowce - Lachowicze

Podlesie was a village of Lachowicze. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowicze and the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 1,251. The railway was 7 km away in Lachowicze k. Baranowicze. The post office and telephone were in Lachowicze k. Baranowicz and telegraph was in Lachowicze. Podlesie had one Orthodox church and mills.

Potopowicze was a village of Lachowicze. The Justice of the Peace was in Baranowicze and the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 500. The railway was 3 km away in Lachowicze. The post office, telephone, and telegraph were in Lachowicze kolo Baranowicz. Raczkuny was a village of Lachowicze. The Justice of the Peace and the justice court were in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 675. The railway was 8 km away in Lachowicze. The post office, telephone, and telegraph were in Lachowicze kolo Baranowicz.

Szewiele was a village of Lachowiscze. The Justice of the Peace was in Baranowicze and the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 657. The railway was 13 km away in Lachowicze. The post office, telephone, and telegraph were in Lachowicze k. Baranowicz and were in Lachowicze.

Ucios was a village of Ostrow. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowicze and the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 545. The railway was 6 km away in Sawino, a trainstop for limited transports. The post office and telephone were in Ostrow kolo Baranowicz and telegraph was in Lachowicze k. Baranowicz.

Zaluze - refer to Krzywoszyn

Zarylowo was a village of Lachowiscze. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowicze and the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 554. The railway was 14 km away in Lachowicze. The post office and telephone were in Lachowicze k. Baranowicz and telegraph was in Lachowicze.

Zubielewicze – Lachowicze

Zarylowo was a village of Lachowiscze. The Justice of the Peace was in Lachowicze and the justice court in Nowogrodek. The 1928 population was 554. The railway was 14 km away in Lachowicze. The post office and telephone were in Lachowicze k. Baranowicz and telegraph was in Lachowicze.


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Russian Empire Jurisdictions in Lyakhovichi
from 1790s to 1917

I am hoping to entice a skilled historian to tackle this subject and we will post the article on these pages



Definitions and terms of Russian authority and jurisdiction

Starosta - elected head of a village, town, or city.

Can you help us compile a list of useful terms relevant to Lyakhovichi research?