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in what is today Lyakhovichi, Belarus    

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This site is created as a way to further research and publication of materials on the history of Lyakhovichi.If you have been aided in your research and wish to contribute materials and resources to further our knowledge, contact Gary Palgon and ask how you can help.

This site is hosted at no cost by JewishGen, Inc., the Home of Jewish Genealogy. If you have been aided in your research by this site and wish to further our mission of preserving our history for future generations, your JewishGen-erosity is greatly appreciated.


Special Collections and Resources:
Lyakhovichi as it appears in Published and
Archival Sources

This is a page in our Special Collections and Jurisdictions section. Click the "Collections" button in the left-hand column to see more

We need your help to find and translate materials that will educate us further about Lyakhovichi. They might reasonably be in Belarussian, Russian, Polish, Lithuanian, Hebrew, Yiddish, or even one of the languages used where Lechovichers settled in the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia. If you see material that you think we need to be aware of, please click the contact button on this page and let us know.

Slownik Geograficzny entry for Lachowicze
Slownik Geograficzny's entry for "Lachowicze"

published in Warsaw in 1884 v pp 56-57, Polish language.
Click the title to see a more detailed picture.

Belarus Encyclopedia article on Lyakhovichi
Belarus Encyclopedia entry for Lyakhovichi

showing our castle illustration and an early map.
published in Minsk; pp 428-430, Belarussian language.
Click the title to see a more detailed picture.

Russian Jewish Encyclopedia entry for Lyakhovichi><a href=
The Russian Jewish Encyclopedia entry for Lyakhovichi

its real name is "Evreiskaya Encyclopedia" volume X, pp 451-452, Russian language.
Click the title to see a more detailed picture.

Book Review excerpt of Stalin's Secret Pogrom
Book Excerpt of
Stalin's Secret Pogrom by By Vladimir Pavlovich Naumov, Joshua Rubenstein

published by Yale University Press 2001
.
This book's subject matter, the persecution and murder of Jewish intellectuals in the 1950s by Stalin, is clearly an important subject for general study. But we would like an appraisal of the material's relevance to our Lyakhovichi research program, as there appears to be at least one person on trial from our town. Should this be a book that individuals in our group purchase? Should this be a book that we ask our libraries to purchase? Book reviews could be an important part of this site as long as we stay on topic!


Dedication foreword to Sefer Afikei Yam
which is signed on this page by the author Yehiel Michael Rabinowitz of Lechowitz Thanks to Tina Levine for finding this for us!

We will print your translations, we will post your new finds! Check back frequently, this page as all others on this site, is a work in progress! We will happily add new pages!

Books with Lyakhovichi Subscribers
By Deborah Glassman,
Copyright 2004, and July 2009

This list continues to appear on page Published Resources: Lyakhovichi as it appears in Other Publications but now also appears on our page Virtual Library of Lyakhovichi

As this list is first constructed it is a list of the books listed in Berel Kagan’s Hebrew Subscription Lists. The wonderful service that gentleman performed, is not diminished by the fact that it did not attempt to be a list of every book ever published with a subscription list. It had attempted to list those published in the main library collections. In this world of on-line auctions and catalog publication, others will certainly be discovered. We would also like to add anything that might have been written in Lyakhovichi, bound in Lyakhovichi, or printed in Lyakhovichi. Though Lyakhovichi had both bookbinders and printers, to our knowledge the local printers printed only the business forms needed by Lyakhovichi businessmen and the bookbinders are presumed to have bound only account books and old publications still cherished by their owners..

In the Kagan book, Lyakhovichi is entry number 4525 and there are around ninety subscribers from Lyakhovichi between them. In the column “other notes by DGG” – I am the responsible party – Deborah G. Glassman

The table below was constructed early in the life of this website. It needs volunteers to seek out the books mentioned and photoduplicate the subscriber pages. It needs other volunteers to find us new books with Lyakhovichi subscribers. Do you search for Jewish books and manuscripts on auction sites? - many note if they include subscription lists. Help us find them!

Thanks to Tina Levine for checking each of these in New York's Public Library Dorot Collection. She has corrected the titles, the current bibliographic usages, and looked to see if she could see any Lyakhovichi names among the subscribers.

Title

# of Subscribers

Author

City Where Printed

Year of edition

Other Notes by DGG

Even ha-Shaot

9

Mosheh Meir Grinvald

Warsaw

1879 (catalog says 1883)

(NYPL - microfilm)

Or Yitshak

9

Isaak Cherkes (Yitshak Noah ben Meir m’Brisk de Lita)

Warsaw, Poland

1900

Earlier edition 1890
In JAP (ONLINE IMAGING); JTS, YU

Sefer Imri Noan

1/15

Mordechai Shmuel Rizkin (name is spelled in Hebrew letters)

Warsaw

1896

does not list another book by same title by Meir Horowitz printed Warsaw 1888; National Library, Jerusalem

Ha Meir la-Olam

10

Meir Mikhal ben Shalom ben Shemuel [RABINOWITZ]

Vilna

1903

(NYPL – microfilm)
Meir Michael Rabinowitz of Shat 1830-1902

Book has been extracted for Seta list

Sefer Afike yam ha-shalem

Unknown - Not in Kagan

Yehiel Mikhal Rabinovits

Unknown

Unknown

Note: this book is a reprint, 1988 or 1989 Jerusalem (NYPL)
Tina Levine copied the dedication page and book jacket for us.
Rabbi Michael Rabinowitz of Lyakhovichi, Baranovichi, and Shtutin

Rabinowitz was an important scholar in Lyakhovichi, resident here for over twenty-five years, but was living in Baranovichi after WWI when he wrote this book. He was murdered by the Nazis in the town he served as rabbi in 1941 - Shtutin, Belarus.

Sefer Iyov

1

Hayim Elhanan [Tzedek]

Vilna

1873


(NYPL) no Lyakhovichi name spotted
Chaim Elchanan TZADIKOFF 1813-1883

Famous Mitnagid author, preacher, passed on teachings of Vilna Gaon

Ha Mazkir

13

Moshe David ASNER

Varsha

1880, [1900 in catalog]

(NYPL Microfilm)

Sefer Me-il Shmuel (title spelled in Hebrew letters)

4

Shemuel Shapira, Yekutiel Zalman ben Yosef Yozel ha Levi Katsinelinboigin

Vilna

1896-1897

(YU)

Ma’fik Margalit

8

Dober ben Tzvi Horovitz (author’s name in Hebrew letters)

Vilna

1890 (1880 in Catalog)

(National Library, Jerusalem)

Kol Yehudah

1

Yehudah Leyb ben Mosheh Segal [BERENZOHN]

Berditshov [Berdichev]

1907

no Lyakhovichi names spotted Author’s listing cites 1907 and 1913 as same book

Sefer Karni Tzvi

4

Tzvi Zeev ben Shlomo Zalman Vernik (author’s name in Hebew letters)

Warsaw

1883-1885

(National Library, Jerusalem)
Author of same title in 1885

Reheshi Lev

9

Haim Simha GLOSKIN

Bilgoria

1884

Bilgoria is next to Lechowitz, Volyn in today's Ukraina. Probably the subscribers are from that town.

Sefer Torat ha Mitsvah

1

Elyakim Getsil ben Yitshak ha Levi Horovits

Warsaw

1905, reprint 1990, 1991 Brooklyn NY

(reprint at NYPL, no Lyakhovichi names spotted)

Sefer Tiv Yehoshua

9

Yehoshua ben Haim Israel Briskin (author’s name in Hebrew letters)[TABAK]

Vilna

1878

(National Library, Jerusalem)
   

Kagan also lists four synagogues which pre-subscribed but they are not separated by the books they purchased and their is no distinction to let you know which of the three Hasidic synagogues (Lechowitz, Koidanover, or Stoliner, made the purchase(All prefaced by abbreviation for Bet Midrash):

Homa, Sandlarim, P”tz, Hasidim

     
Books newly added to list July 2009
Gesher heKhaim *

Rabbi Yehiel Michael Tukachinsky of Jerusalem

Jerusalem 1960  
Bircat Hachamah *

Rabbi Yehiel Michael Tukachinsky of Jerusalem

Jerusalem ?  
Sefer Eretz Israel published inside the book Siddur Avodas Yisrael by Rabbi Ganzfried *

Rabbi Yehiel Michael Tukachinsky of Jerusalem

  ?  

Can You Direct me to the Hebrew Wikipedia entry

which had a full bibliography of

Rabbi Yehiel Michael Tukachinsky of Jerusalem

? ?  


Important Notes about This Page

All names on this page were included in Surname Index Nov 2009

Find any name on this page by hitting "control F" on your keyboard and typing in the name.

Find any name anywhere on this website by going to the Google Search bar and typing the name immediately before this phrase
site:http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/lyakhovichi/

from the word "site" to the slash after lyakhovichi (just cut and paste it into your browser)



Lyakhovichi

An "Official" Chronology of Lyakhovichi


From the website of the government of Lyakhovichi garod Printed in Belarussian, translated by software and then re-constructed by Deborah Glassman. (Names were changed to the forms found in English language encyclopedias; italicized bold means no satisfactory translation was provided) We credit the Lyakhovichi government for creating a site emphasizing its real historical achievments.

Year and Event

  • 1492 The first reference of city in the written sources. At this time the Polish king and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Casimir gives permission to noble Lord Gostautas, then owner of Lyakhovichi to conduct fairs and to hold korchmy. This witnesses the fact that Lyakhovichi was not only a commercial and agricultural settlement but also the administrative and operational center of large feudal possession. Already in this time, there was a wooden fort in Lyakhovichi on the left bank of the river. Lyakhovici at this time was part of Novogrodek poviet in Novogrodek vovoideship.
  • 1537 Stanislav Gostautas, the son of A.M. Gostautas presents Lyakhovichi to his wife Barbara Radziwill.
  • 1543 Barbara Radziwill becomes the wife of Sigismund Augustus after her first husband Gostautas dies without leaving heirs in 1542. Sigismund is the son of the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Sigismund. She transfers it to her husband.
  • 1548Sigismund Augustus becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania after the death of his father.
  • 1551 – Sigismund receives Lyakhovichi when [his wife] B. [Barbara] Radziwill died 10.04.1551
  • 1572 – Sigismund Augustus exchanged Lyakhovichi for the possession of Svisloch with Jan Yeronimovichem Chodkewiecz. The passage of Lyakhovichi into the hands of this particular feudal lord magnate Chodkewiecz became the beginning of new period in the history of city and rural district
  • 1579 - after death of Jan Yeronimovichem Chodkewiecz, Lyakhovichi passed to his elder son the great Lithuanian Hetman Jan Karol Chodkewiecz who replaced the wooden fort built in the end of the fifteenth century with a [novoital'yanskoy?] fortification system.
  • 1602 He began to construct new [parafial'nyy] church in Lyakhovichi. The Lyakhovichi fort or so-called Lyakhovichi Fortress. ["lyakhovichskaya fortetsiya "]was a powerful stone-construction fort and it was considered as the strongest of the similar structures in all of Belarus both in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and in the entire Polish Republic. The layout of the fortress had a form of quadrangle with the sizes of [y"shch]*220 m., surrounded by a ditch. In the winter of 1595-1596 the cossacks of nalivayki unsuccessfully stormed the fort.
  • 1621 –At the battle of Chocim, Chodkewiecz died and Lyakhovichi passed to his daughter Anna who was married to the son of Leo Sapieha - Jan Stanislav Sapieha.
  • 1625 - Anna Chodkewicz Sapieha died and Lyakhovichi was forged into a possession of the family of Sapieha.
  • 1648-1654 The city’s fortifications were tested repeatedly during the “antifeudal war of the Belarussian and Ukrainian peoples 1648 – 1654” Three times the city, not the fort of Lyakhovichi, was unsuccessful at keeping out the restored peasants and Ukrainian cossacks. In each case the city itself was destroyed and burned 1654-1667 in the Russian-Polish War, but the fort stood.
  • 1654-1667 The Russian-Polish War portions of Lyakhovichi fell to the severest trials. The war and many month siege of the city in 1660 cost Lyakhovichi dearly. The city, which was destroyed four times in the years of war, had only 17 houses remaining whole. The majority of the inhabitants of city and okresnostey perished, villages were burned out and robbed. Nevertheless Lyakhovichi remained the only city, which czarist troops could not engage.
  • 1661 Taking into account the state of the city and population the Polish Commonwealth’s Seym freed Lyakhovichi and rural district from all taxes for 9 years.
  • 1678 Seym again freed/released city and rural district for 9 years from the taxes.
  • 1700 - 1721 The city did not have time to rise from the ruins, before the Northern War (1700-1721) burst upon Belarus and in 1706 it soaked Lyakhovichi with a Swedish onslaught. (This war was called "the Deluge" in European literature - note by webmaster.)Even as it was underway, the Polish seym decided to hamper the army of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by moving much of the artillery of Lyakhovichi fortress to Slutsk’s fort. After a half year siege, on 9 May, 1706, held back by a garrison of 1360 people during the prolonged assault when the defenders’ water and powder was finished, it was captured. The Swedes destroyed the fort and the church.
  • 1760 - The heirs of Sapiehas's kind sell Lyakhovichi to prince Mikhail Jozef Masal'skiy.
  • 1775 - Taking into account the great defensive value of the fort the Seym of the Polish Commonwealth, by special decision it transferred the city into the property of state. It freed Lyakhovichi from all state taxes to 10 years.
  • 1793 – With the second division of the Polish Commonwealth, Lyakhovichi moves very near to the Russian empire. The national boundary passed near Lyakhovichi. As state and state possession they are transmitted to Lithuanian Hetman (Military Commander) to Syman Kossakowsk.
  • 1795 - Third division of the Polish Commonwealth. The boundary of Russian empire is moved aside to the West, Lyakhovichi lose their bygone boundary and military znaseniye. In the city there were left the church, synagogue, stores and the romantic ruins of the legendary fort – its tower gates, its entire lift bridge, and its defensive moat and ditchings.
  • 1867 – In Lyakhovichi were 2072 people to 351 courtyards.
  • 1897 – The Polessian rairload extended to Sarny-Vilno which gave impetus to the economic development of Lyakhovichi. At this time there were 5016 inhabitants, and were church, synagogue, mosque, school, hospital, potter workshops, 30 stores, distillery, yearly provdilos' 3 large fairs. 1900 - In the city appeared mail and small industrial enterprise works.
  • 1905 - 1907 City demonstrations of workers
  • 1915 - Lyakhovichi in the front area of First World War.
  • 1917 - Lyakhovichi surrounds severed by front line. The 20th Galacian infantry regiment occupied combat positions here.
  • 12.1918 - 04.1919 – The Soviet regime is established/ in the territory of the Lyakhovichskeyeo region.
  • 04.1919 - 09.1939 . – Lyakhovichi city passed to Poland via the Riga peace treaty and was located in its composition.
  • 09.1939 – Lyakhovichi is restored to the Soviet regime. Schools were opened - seven year school, and then SSH 1, district library, dispensary, film projector, Lyakhovichskaya MTS.
  • strong> 15.01.1940 – Is made part of the composition of the Baranovichi region when formed The Lyakhovichskiy region centers in Lyakhovichakh. At this time in the city lived 5100 people.
  • 22.06.1941 - 06.07.1944 . - Severely tests the city. Its inhabitants transferred during the years of World War II. In the city during the years of war, Fascist invaders shot about 5 thousand persons of the Jewish nationality of local and from the countries of Europe.
  • 1959 -4,500 inhabitants in census
  • 2001 Today 13 thousand people live here.Belorussians - 81%, Poles - 10%, Russians - 7%, Tatars - 1%, other nationalities - 1%.
  • Research Materials, identified, not yet accessed

    Guide to the Records of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Landsmanshaftn Department 1926-1950 Bulk 1937-1949 This finding guide published by YIVO in NYC indicates that they have the following material related to Lyakhovichi:

  • Subseries 2: Correspondence about communities and landsmanshaftn, 1926-1940.
      This part of the documentation is mostly about fund-raising to get aid to the community of origin of each landsmanshaft. Typical documentation included lists of important and influential members, records of donations, information about the fund-raising activities and particular projects and concerns. The folders are arranged alphabetically by town. The Lyakhovichi documents are in Box 6 Folder 217 Title - Lachowicze. The description indicates that these are "Receipts and correspondence with the Lachowitzer Ladies Auxiliary, 1939 and the Lachowicze Relief Committee, 1938. Includes a 1937 letter for aid from the local interest-free loan association." All material in the folder reportedly dates from 1937-1939. Box 1 Folder 10 is titled Baranowicze and includes the address list of the New York landsleit and information on the society's free loan programs. It covers 1938.
  • Subseries 6: Correspondence about communities, 1944-1950.
      This documentation is part of the attempt to locate survivors, to find out the extent of the disaster, to get assistance to those who were thought likely to be in need of help. The magnitude of the disaster and the rarity of survivors was not clear in the earliest attempts to assist. The records related to Lyakhovichi were in Box 27, Folder 713 and titled Lachowicze.The dates are 1945-1947. Baranovichi's documentation is in Box 22, Folder 589 and dated 1945-1948..