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This site is created as a way to further research and publication of materials on the history of Lyakhovichi.If you have been aided in your research and wish to contribute materials and resources to further our knowledge, contact Gary Palgon and ask how you can help.

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New Information Tables from the Lyakhovichi Revision Lists

This is a page in our Documents section. Click the button labeled "Documents" in the left-hand column to reach all of its additional resources.

Dead and Missing in the
1816 Revision List with Correspondents in 1819
by Deborah Glassman, copyright 2009 (both the article and the table)

Researchers looking for individual family members in a new source material always make new discoveries. But those who research the source material itself often find details on the macro-level that go unnoticed when you are just tracking single family lines and individuals. The death lists in the Russian Revision Lists continue to validate this rule. The Russian government required an accounting of every male listed in a previous enumeration. If they died, were absent, had been recruited, or had legally changed their residence (a different process than simply moving away), then the government wanted to know about it. So on the face of it, every Revision List should always at the minimum, list every male who was reported on the previous Revision List.

We find that requirements may have differed on Supplemental Revision Lists. The Supplements reported those who were absent, born since the last census, converted to Christianity, previously missing, relocated, or recruited but not one death was reported in any of the ones we have seen so far. No deaths were reported in the 1819 Revision List (now known to be a supplement to the 1816 Revision Lists), none were reported for the 1850-1852 Supplements, and no deaths were reported in the recently acquired 1858-1884 Supplemental Revision Lists. (If you want advance information about relocations, absences, conversions, and other info on the 1858-1884 Supplemental Revision Lists, Contact Gary Palgon to learn how you can contribute and view this information before it is available for publication).

I like comprehensive lists and it was very tempting to incorporate the dead reported in the 1816 Revision List, but there is a unique problem in this document that prevented me from simply joining it to the Mortality lists of 1834 and 1850. Many of the people who were reported as "died" between the 1811 and 1816 Revision Lists, are found again in the 1819 Revision List. Right after the Napoleonic wars may have been a good time to change identity in the area, because only twenty of the dozens of the men reported dead do not reappear in 1819. Those twenty who may be dead, moved to a new community, or are still unidentified in in the time period of the next complete Revision List in 1834, appear in the list below. But with a strong caveat. You can not trust the testimony of a document where there is intentional deception on the part of those required to provide the data. The 1816 Revision List is not reliable as relates to those who are reported dead. Do what you will with the information.

When I first compiled this list, I was just searching for patronyms. I was not seeking nor did I expect to find, a series of people who seemed to purposely change their identities while remaining in their long-time homes. They were helped in this activity by a series of cultural and geo-political considerations. Part of the cultural advantage was a lack of hereditary surnames, imposed or monitored by a government. Czar Alexander had begun considering legislation related to surnames as early as 1805, but in 1816 there was still no system in place to monitor names chosen. Given names also provided an advantage for those wanting to obfuscate the issue. Jews with double names, generally used the first name on legal documents and the middle name as the personal appelation. And the first name was subject to nickname altering. A man named Yitzhak Moshe Epstein would have been entered on Polish documents as Icko (pronounced Itsko), might have been reported on Russian documents as Ayzik, and his Jewish neighbors would have called him Moishe. Almost two hundred years later we are able to identify such people by the least flexible parts of their names - their patronyms. That is the tool by which the table on this page was created.

The geo-political piece of the equation is also not clear. Pan Tadeus, the most famous work of Polish literature was a novel of the rising Polish patriotism of the period before and after the Napoleonic wars. The book by Poland's greatest writer made a real Lyakhovichi nobleman, Rejtan, its central character. Polish national identity was certainly normative in the Jewish community in this time period. The leaders of the Lyakhovichi Jewish community in the 1819 Revision List all signed their names in Polish and gave a Polish attestation to the document. Poland was in revolt against Russia in the Napoleonic Wars, which may have played a role in the many reported dead among young Jewish men of fighting age. Napoleon's march went right through the community, another reason which may have made families move away between 1811 and 1816. But those who were reported dead, did not necessarily want to move away from a home where there family ties were extraordinarily strong. Lyakhovichi's Jewish community was approaching four hundred years in age when the town became Russian.

But we still can't say for sure, for what reasons people chose not to be included in these lists. Later in-the-century, answers would have concentrated on conscription evasion, but there was no compuslary military service for Jews in Russia in this time period. Tax–burden reduction would have been my next guess, but in compiling this list, initially as part of the patronymic index, I found that people who were reported missing in 1816, were generally in the 1819 Revision List. That tax evasion seems of amazingly short duration. More confusingly, people who were reported dead in 1816, often had a single exact counterpart sharing their name and father’s name in 1819, whereas the 1819 person had not been reported earlier. Moving away during a time of war seems like it would have caused more of the missing to be families with elderly and infants, instead of the young military-aged men. I would appreciate being directed towards any historical study of this issue.

The table below is a work in progress. We may find evidence eliminating a seeming connection, or we might find that we simply haven't made a correlation between two people on very different parts of the page. Somebody described with the names Yehiel or Wolf or Leib, might appear elsewhere as Michael, Benjamin, or Yudel. I might miss a Yudel whose name is written as Idel, and I might have overlooked somebody whose correspondent entry used only the second part of a combination name, i.e. a Moshe Sholom listed elsewhere as Sholom, a Benjamin Israel showing up as a "Srol".

I would also be very interested in Revision List data from adjacent and nearby communities - if you have accessed the 1805-1824 Revision List records of Mysh, Snov, Stolovitski, et al, please let us know

Dead/Missing 1816 with Correspondents in the 1819 Revision
All indices on this page are ©Deborah Glassman 2007 and may not be reproduced in whole or part including incorporation in any database without her written permission.

SURNAME of person in 1816 RL

Name of person in 1816 RL

Name of father

Condition Reported

SURNAME of correspondent in 1819 RL

Name of Correspondent

Name of Correspond-ent’s father

Ages in 1811 and 1819

BERKOVICH

Abram

Leiba

absent in 1816

there is one man who could match both Abram son of Leiba BERKOVICH and Abram son of Leiba LEV so not sure - GRINSHTEIN

 

Abram

Leib

46/58

BERKOVICH

Avigdor

David

ran away in 1812

BLYAKHAR

Avigdor

David

20/30

BERKOVICH

Azriel

Shemshel

ran away in 1812

BERKOVICH

Izriel

Shimshel

18/25

BERKOVICH

Khayim Leiba

Movsha Sholom

died in 1813

BERKOVICH New May 2008

Khaim

Movsha

12/20

BERKOVICH

Kushel Kasriel

Mordukh

died in 1813

MENAKER

Kushel

Mordukh

30/33

BERKOVICH

Leiba

Nokhim

died in 1816 *

GIZ

Leiba

Movsha-Nokhim

50/54

BERKOVICH

Leizar

Yosel

run away in 1816

?

 

 

 

BERKOVICH

Nisen-Borukh

Leiba

died in 1812

?

 

 

10/

BREVDA

Itsko Leiba

Abram-Berka

died in 1815

?

nf

BURSHTEIN

Mordukh Leizer

Leiba

died in 1815

NEIMAN

Mordukh Leizer

Leiba

14/20

BURSHTEIN

Ovsey-Aron

Smuilo

died in 1813

?

 

 

4/

BURSHTEIN

Shmuilo

Ovsey

run away in 1812 *

LOES

Shmuilo

Ovsey

49/45 (age in right grouping)

BURSHTEIN

Sholom

Khaim

died in 1812 *

BURSHTEIN

Sholom

Khaim

69/68 (age in right grouping)

BUSEL

Mikhel

Yosel

died in 1814

?

 

 

58/

BUSEL

Yankel Movsha

Yosel

died in 1812

?

 

 

 

BUSEL

Yosel

Yankel

died in 1812 *

New May 2008 He appears in 1834 RL claiming to have been absent previously! He is posted alongside the same children

Yosel

Yankel

45/66

DAREVSKY

Yankel

Borukh

absent in 1816 *

KAPLAN

Yankel

Borukh

36/32? (age in right grouping)

EPSHTEIN

Yosel-Itsko

Berko

died in 1815

GOBSHTEIN

Yosel

Berko

2/12

EPSHTEIN?

Yankel-Movsha

Itska

died in 1813

EPSHTEIN

Movsha

Itska

5/20

EPSHTEL

Meyer

Ovsey

ran away in 1812

YEBSHTEIN

Meyer

Ovsey

43/45

EPSHTEL

Nisyn

Meyer

ran away in 1813

?

 

 

 

FARBOTNIK

Yosel

Leiba

died in 1816

There is a Yosel son of Leib in the 1819 RL but he is 50 yr old Yosel BUDOWLYA and the age grouping does not support correspondence.

 

 

18/

GAVZA

Dovid

Leiba

ran away in 1812

If he was 37 rather than 27 in 1811, then maybe he corresponds to David son of Leiba GULICH, age 50 in 1819 RL

 

 

 

GAVZA

Movsha

Azriel

ran away in 1813

GOUZA

 Movsha

Izreel

3/13

GAVZA

Shaya

Azriel

ran away in 1813

GAUZA (from source other than this record, his father’s name is known to be Moshe Azriel)

 Shaya

Moshe

15/16 (age problem in the lack of advancement but in right age grouping)

GLINA

Aron

Vulf

died in 1813

?

 

 

29/

GLINA

Vulf

Yosel

died in 1816

?

 

 

 

GLUKHOVSKY

Mordukh-Khaim

Shmuilo

died in 1813

KHOZAK

Mordukh

Shmuilo

20/30

GRABINA

Mordukh

Kalman

absent in 1816

GRINBARKH

Mordukh

Kalman

51/64

GRINSHPAN

Itsko-Mordukh

Meer

disapeared in 1816

GOLDBARG?

 Itsko

Meyer

24/40

KACHER

Leizar

Perets

“died in 1813” appears as Leizer b Shmuil Perets KACHER in 1816 age 40

KACHER

  Leizer

Shmuil Perets

29/40

YABLONA

Leizer

Shmuil

ranaway 1813

GRINGOR

Leizer

Shmuil

46/40

KACHER

Nakhmen

Perets

died in 1813

?

 

 

 

KAPLAN

Berko

Rubin

died in 1815

KAPLAN

Berko

Rubin Shmuel

29/33 in 1816

KHARLIP

Yudel-Khaim

Itsko

died in 1812

KHARLET

 Yudel-Srol

Itsko

4/17 exact

KHAVZA

Khiel

Vigdor

died in 1813

?

 

 

nf

KLEYMAISTER

Shmuilo-Itsko

David

died in 1814

?

 

 

34/

KUSHNER

Yankel

Nosel [reported incorrectly previously on this page as Yosel]

died in 1815

New Identification May 2008 KUSHNER

David

Nosel

38/43

KUSHNER

Yavkhim-Yankel

Idel

died in 1813

ZATTS

 Yavkhim

Idel

25/30

LEV

Abram

Leiba

died in 1816

there is one man who could match both Abram son of Leiba BERKOVICH and Abram son of Leiba LEV so not sure - GRINSHTEIN

 Abram

Leib

46/58

MALINA

Yosel

Yekhraim [Yefraim?]

absent in 1816

KLON Newly identified May 2008

Yosel

Afroim

56/60

MALINKI

Khaim

Yosel

died in 1812

GOLODGOR

Khayim 

Yosel

29/38

MALOVICH

Movsha-Aron

Shmuilo

died in 1812

?

 

 

22/nf

MALOVITSKY

Aron-Yankel

Meyer

died in 1814

PREN

Yankel Aron

Meyer

Age was given as 4 – was it 14?/ 18

MALOVITSKY

Itsko

Meyer

died in 1812

?

 

 

nf

MALOVITSKY

Leiba

Itska

ran away in 1813

MALOVIDSKY

 

 Leiba

Itsko

36/40

MALOVITSKY

Leizer-Afroim

Mordukh

died in 1812

?

 

 

nf

MALOVITSKY

Osher

Mordukh

run away in 1813

MALOVIDZKY

Osher

Mordukh

x/33

MUKASEY

Movsha

Itsko

died in 1815

MUKOSEY

Movsha

Itsko

38/50

MUKASEY

Todoris

Itsko

died in 1813

MUKASEY

 Todris

Itska

46/60

MYKASEY

Izroel-Aizik

Zimel

died in 1814

MUKASEY

 Srol

Zymel- Abram

24/18 [ages don’t line up]

MYKASEY

Zimel

Itska

died in 1815

?

 

 

nf

ODUKHOVSKY

Leizer

Zailik

ran away 1813

ODAKHOVSKY

Leizer

Zelik

24/31

ODUKHOVSKY

Mordukh-Mikhel

Khaim

ran away 1812

?

 

 

nf

OGINSKY

Abram

Nevikh

died in 1815

?

 

 

nf

OGINSKY

Yankel

Zelman

died in 1816

OGINSKY

Yankel

Zalman

48/60

OLKHA

Shimen-Yudel

Khaim

died in 1812

OLKHA

 Yudel

Khaim

10/13

RIBNIK

Shaya-Gevsha

Khaim-Berko

died in 1813

RIBNIK

 Shaya

Khaim

24/35

ROZH

Mordukh

Khanan

ran away in 1813

?

 

 

nf

ROZHANSKY

Abram

Itsko

absent in 1816

?

 

 

nf

RUNIK

Leiba-Aron

Borukh

died in 1813

?

 

 

nf

SHKOLNIK

Fishel-Girsh

Anshel

died in 1812

SHELTS

Fishel-Girsh

Anshel

22/28

SHLEFER

Abram

Benyamin

died in 1814

KAPLAN

Abram

Benyamin

31/40

SHMUKHLER

Movsha

Khonon

died in 1813

?

 

 

nf

SHVETS

Movsha

Leiba

died in 1816

GIZ?

Movsha-Nokhim

Leiba

34/54 Age spread?

SNOVSKY

Beinas

Aron

ran away in 1813

SNOVSKY

Beinas

Aron

41/44

TKACH

Benyamin-Leibo

Mordukh-Shlioma

died in 1813

?

 

 

nf

VALOKHOYANSKY

Mordukh-Menko

Yevel

died in 1813

VALOFINSKY

 Menko

Yevel

15/23

VALTSMAN

Yankel-Vulf

David

died in 1816

ZALTSMAN

  Yankel

David

40/45

VATNEMAYSTER

Ovsey

Movsha

died in 1813

 

 

 

 

VINGER

Girsh

Shimon

“ran away 1812” but appears in 1816 under the name Girsh-Geshel Vinger

VINGER

Girsh-Geshel

Shimon

28/33

VINGER

Shimen

Girsh

absent 1816

DOBES

Shimen

Girsh

51/60

VINOGRAD

Dovid

Meyer

died 1812

New Find, May 2008 EPSHTEIN
1816RL, reported as missed in 1811. Recorded immediately adjacent to Vinograd household in which the missing David b Meyer Vinograd was son-law.

Dovid

Meyer Shlioma

15/24

VINOGRAD

Movsha

Faibish

died 1814

?

 

 

nf

YABLONA

Leizer

Shmuil

ranaway 1813 but Leizer b Shmuil Perets Kacher is present in 1816 and not in 1811

KACHER

  Leizer

Shmuil Perets

46/40

YABLONA

Shmuilo

Leizer

died in 1813

?

 

 

nf

YOSILOVICH

Gershon-Girsh

Gerts

died 1813

KHARACH

 Gershon

Gerts

12/17

YUDELYOVICH

Yosel

Berko

ran away in 1813

GELFAN

Yosel

Berko

38/50

ZADVORSKY

Vulf

Meer

died in 1814

GUK

 Wolf

Meyer

40/40

ZAYETS

Benyamin-Itsko

Yosel

Absent 1816

ZAYETS

Benyamin

Itska;

15/19

ZHMUDYAK

Abram

Falya

ran away 1812

ZHMOYDZYAK

Abram 

Falya

15/25

NG

Peisakh

Meer

died 1813

DOBES

 Peisakh

Meyer

30/38

 

 

 




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Revision Lists Resources

Imperial Russian Revision Lists Go to this page for a complete list of original Revision List documents and articles on using the Revision Lists as well as a vital new genealogy tool for using the Revision Lists here!